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研究生:葉柏亨
研究生(外文):Ye Bo Heng
論文名稱:建構熱泵系統於畜養殖及節能熱水洗碗機應用
論文名稱(外文):Building Heat Pump System apply to for Cultivation and Energy-saving Commercial dishwashers
指導教授:余光正
指導教授(外文):Professor Kuang-Cheng Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:冷凍空調系
學門:工程學門
學類:其他工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:熱泵系統高效能洗碗機
外文關鍵詞:heat pump systemhigh performancedishwasher
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本研究熱泵系統是攝取大氣熱能及廢熱能的高效能產品,相較以往使用電熱器或瓦斯,更具有環保、高效率及高安全等優點,研究場地為某餐廳,實驗對象為高經濟價值龍蝦及商用洗碗機。熱泵系統意願調查中,大多業者優先考量空間問題,未來本機組會把冷凝器系統,移至商業洗碗機內部取代原先電熱器,使機台體積縮小更省空間。
建構熱泵系統主要完全充分利用能源,研究構想應用冷區於暫養池保持水溫,熱區熱水輔助商用洗碗機,並與餐廳用冷水機以及洗碗機作為對照組。冷水機是餐廳最多耗電量之一,一個月使用電量約883.4613 kw,支出成本3,000~4,000元整/月。本研究量測時間屬春季,若在夏季電費計價以及高溫環境下,餐廳在冷水機用電費用支出必定超過10,000元整/月,所以本系統可為餐廳大幅降低營業成本。
本研究在電力比較中,結果顯示,熱泵輔助商業洗碗節省電力高達53 %以上,然而在養殖上,冷水機及熱泵系統最大耗電功率相比,可節約7 %的電力,在以上量測數據中,發現熱泵系統應用,具有省電及高效能優越性。因此,本熱泵系統應用具有開發的潛能,希望未來能夠發展出具有潛力之熱泵系統。
The heat pump system in this study is a high-performance product for absorbing atmospheric heat energy and waste thermal energy, in comparison to the conventional electric heaters or gas. It is environmentally friendly, efficient and safe. The study site is a restaurant; the experimental subjects are lobsters of high economic value and commercial dishwashers. According to the survey of willingness to heat pump system, most of suppliers give priority to space problem. In the future, the condenser system of this unit will replace the original electric heater in the commercial dishwashers, so as to reduce the machine volume to save space.
The heat pump system takes full advantage of energy, the study conceives of using cold sector in the conditioning pond to keep the water temperature. The hot water of hot zone assists the commercial dishwashers, and the water chilling unit and dishwasher for restaurants are used as control group. The water chilling unit is one of the most power consuming units of restaurants, the monthly power consumption is about 883.4613 kw, the expenditure cost is NT$3,000~4,000/month. The measurement time is springtime. If at summer electricity price and in hot environment, the energy charge of the restaurant water chilling unit must exceed NT$ 10,000/month. Therefore, this system can reduce the operating costs a lot for restaurants.
The results of electricity comparison show that the heat pump assisted commercial dishwashers save more than 53 % of electricity. However in cultivation, the rating energy of water chilling unit can save 7 % of electricity compared with the heat pump system. According to the aforesaid measured data, the heat pump system for replacing water chilling unit and heat pump assisted dishwashers is characterized by energy saving and high performance. Therefore, this heat pump system has development potential. It is expected to be used in hotels, restaurants and marine product stores in the future to develop a promising heat pump system.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 vi
圖目錄 x
表目錄 xiv
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 廢熱回收設備 1
1.2.1 蒸氣式蓄熱器 1
1.2.2 低壓蒸氣再壓縮 2
1.2.3 吸收式熱泵 3
1.2.4 熱交換器之型式與應用 11
1.3 龍蝦分類及型態 15
1.3.1 密毛龍蝦 16
1.3.2 長足龍蝦 17
1.3.3 錦繡龍蝦 18
1.3.4 波紋龍蝦 19
1.3.5 雜色龍蝦 20
1.3.6 日本龍蝦 21
1.4 洗碗機 22
1.4.1 傳統三槽式洗碗槽 22
1.4.2 自動洗碗機 23
1.4.3 超音波洗碗機 26
1.5 研究目的 27
1.6 文獻回顧 28
第二章 實驗設備 41
2.1 架構雙效熱泵系統 41
2.2 鈦合金熱交換器 43
2.3 熱氣旁路閥 43
2.4 冷凝器熱水洗碗機應用 43
第三章 餐飲、熱泵及洗碗機理論 45
3.1 綠色餐飲指標 45
3.2 雙效熱泵系統 47
3.3 自動洗碗機 51
3.4 冷媒 52
3.4.1 R-22冷媒 54
3.4.2 R-407C冷媒 55
3.4.3 R-410A冷媒 59
第四章 實驗方法 60
4.1 餐廳業者熱泵系統意願調查 60
4.2 餐廳冷水機及商業用洗碗機分析 60
4.2.1 餐廳冷水機分析 60
4.2.2 餐廳商業用洗碗機分析 61
4.3 雙效熱泵系統應用蓄養池及熱水洗碗機分析 62
4.4 商業用洗碗機介紹 62
4.5 海水配置 63
4.6 儀器介紹 64
4.6.1 三相電力分析儀 64
4.6.2 ATAGO鹽度計 65
4.6.3 VR18無紙記錄器 66
4.6.4 EUTECH PCD650 攜帶型多功能水質計 68
4.7 實驗流程圖 75
第五章 結果與討論 76
5.1 餐廳業者熱泵系統意願調查分析 76
5.2 餐廳冷水機電量分析 78
5.2.1 每小時電量分析 78
5.2.2 一天電量分析 79
5.2.3 一周電量分析 80
5.2.4 一個月總電量分析 81
5.2.5 廚房溫度監控 82
5.3 商業用洗碗機電量分析 82
5.3.1 預熱電量分析 82
5.3.2 待機電量分析 85
5.3.3 洗碗機清洗電量分析 86
5.3.4 洗碗機電價估算 88
5.4 熱泵系統於畜養殖分析 89
5.4.1 熱泵系統電量分析 89
5.4.2 畜養殖溫度分析 92
5.4.3 畜養殖水質監控分析 94
5.4.4 熱泵系統熱顯像儀分析 96
5.4.5 環境溫度監控 100
5.5 熱泵系統及商用洗碗機分析 100
5.5.1 預熱電量分析比較 100
5.5.2 洗碗機清洗電量分析 103
5.5.3 熱泵輔助洗碗機電價估算 106
5.6 熱泵系統熱水溫度分析 107
第六章 結論及建議 110
6.1 結論 110
6.2 建議 111
參考文獻 112
附錄1 119
附錄2 129
附錄3 130
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