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研究生:陳柏佑
研究生(外文):Po-Yu Chen
論文名稱:室內空氣品質公告公共場域與長照場所之計算分析及效益改善評估
論文名稱(外文):Computational Analysis and Improvement Evaluation for Indoor Air Quality in Public Places and Long-term Care Institutions
指導教授:許智能
指導教授(外文):Chih-Neng Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:冷凍空調系
學門:工程學門
學類:其他工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:室內空氣品質計算流體力學公告場域
外文關鍵詞:Indoor Air QualityComputational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)Announcement Area
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近年來國內針對室內空氣品質健康危害的議題逐漸被大家所重視,若室內通風氣流不良時,室內污染物則容易聚集而導致室內空氣品質惡化。若長時間在室內環境中活動,易感到身體不適,影響生活品質,由此可見維護室內良好的空氣品質是相當重要的。
本研究進行室內空氣品質改善相關性之模型表現、建構與效益評估,需符合環保署室內空氣品質管理法之第一批公告列管場所及場域(圖書館自修室、展覽館展覽室、百貨量販商場之入場大廳及櫃區、社會福利機構交誼廳)做計算流體力學標準模型呈現、模組化模型建構、網格切割、模擬分析溫度、二氧化碳(CO2)濃度、懸浮微粒(PM2.5和PM10)影響,以及改善效益的評估研究。
In recent years, Taiwan government has been focused on the issue of indoor air quality health hazards. Indoor air quality pollutants will tend to congregate if indoor ventilation air flow is bad. It is leading to deterioration of indoor air quality. If the people a long time activities in the indoor environment, we will be easily to feel unwell and affect the quality of life. It can be seen that maintaining good indoor air quality is very important.
This thesis study is conducted to improve indoor air quality assessment of the correlation between model performance, construction, and benefit. It must conform to the Environmental Protection Administration for indoor air quality management method of the first announcement area and field (the library study room, exhibition room, department stores and shopping malls of the entrance hall cabinet area, talking hall of social welfare institutions) the selected place for presentation, standard calculation model of computational fluid dynamics, construction of modular, mesh cutting, simulation analysis of temperature, carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10). It should improve benefits evaluation for indoor air quality.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1.前言 1
1-2.研究動機與目的 3
1-3.論文架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2-1.室內通風定義 6
2-2.室內空氣品質評估 8
2-3.室內空氣品質法限制 12
2-4.外氣量與供風量形式 15
2-5.計算流體力學模擬上的應用 17
第三章 理論及數值計算模擬 19
3-1.計算流體力學模擬介紹 19
3-2.數值模擬之基本假設 19
3-3.理論方程式 20
3-4.數值計算法 27
3-5.DPM模型 30
第四章 數值計算與模擬分析 32
4-1.模擬分析流程架構 32
4-2.幾何模型 35
4-2-1.模擬系統描述 36
4-3.網格(Mesh)建立 42
第五章 結果與討論 46
5-1.圖書館自修室與展覽室(Case1) 46
5-1-1. Case1之二氧化碳濃度分布 46
5-1-2. Case1之溫度分布 49
5-1-3. Case1之PM2.5濃度分布 52
5-1-4. Case1之PM10濃度分布 54
5-2.社會福利機構交誼廳(Case2) 56
5-2-1. Case2之二氧化碳濃度分布 56
5-2-2. Case2之溫度分布 57
5-2-3. Case2之PM2.5濃度分布 58
5-2-4. Case2之PM10濃度分布 61
5-3.百貨量販商場之入場大廳及櫃區(Case3) 63
5-3-1. Case3之二氧化碳濃度分布 63
5-3-2. Case3之溫度分布 64
5-3-3. Case3之PM2.5濃度分布 66
5-3-4. Case3之PM10濃度分布 69
第六章 結論 71
參考文獻 73
附件 77
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7.行政院環境保護署,發布室內空氣品質標準法規,2012年11月23日。
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9.ASHRAE STD 62.1-2010.
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