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研究生:林佳瑩
研究生(外文):Lin, Chia-Ying
論文名稱:生存遊戲:《白衣女郎》中跨越法律、性別的疆界
論文名稱(外文):Game of Survival: Crossing the Boundaries of Law and Gender in Wilkie Collins’s The Woman in White
指導教授:林明澤林明澤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Min-Tser
口試委員:陳昭芳顏淑娟
口試委員(外文):Chao-Fang ChenShu-Chuan Yan
口試日期:2017-06-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:生存遊戲威爾基・柯林斯《白衣女郎》越界法律性別混雜
外文關鍵詞:game of survivalWilkie CollinsThe Woman in Whitetransgressionlawgender blending
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威爾基・柯林斯(Wilkie Collins)於1859年開始連載的經典煽情小說《白衣女郎》 (The Woman in White)不只採用了煽情小說的慣用懸疑情節,更碰觸當時維多利亞時期的法律、性別標準等議題。小說主體環繞在不明白衣女子所引起的謎團和女主角蘿拉(Laura)的身分失竊疑雲。隨著情節進展,煽情小說中常見元素,如造假身分、私生子、不可告人的祕密也在小說中一一爆發;一連串的私下偵查和角色間彼此的互探情報就此展開,使整本小說更加引人入勝。本文試圖以「生存遊戲」為切入點,去探討小說中不論惡棍角色或被害者如何迫切尋找能夠在社會體制和生存遊戲裂縫中存活的可能性。柯林斯透過法律體制的僵化和家庭結構私領域中的功能不全呈現小說中角色們所面對的內外失調困境。第一章討論小說中僵化的法律體制所造成的法律漏洞,和罪犯因此聰明躲避法律責任以致正義無法實踐問題。柯林斯透過其獨特的類法庭審問敘述和私下偵探手法企圖補足法律缺失和描繪其對於正義實踐的想法。當中,個人生存利益的權衡和衝突亦是本章討論重點。第二章討論因家庭失能所引發的生存問題。小說中多個家庭樣貌與維多利亞時期對於理想家庭的想像背道而馳;當私領域無法發揮其保護功能時,家便成了邪惡和犯罪的溫床。小說中的蘿拉(Laura)和安(Anne)所遭遇到的生存困境便是出於家庭功能的弱化。柯林斯在文本中以姊妹情誼(sisterhood)和角色性別混雜特色(gender blending)作為解決之道。在姊妹情誼的討論中,小說中多位女性角色跨越血緣、階級等所建立的情感牽絆進一步衍生出社群的概念;而此社群關係的連結拓展了當中受害角色在困境中生存的機會。此外,從柯林斯在小說中安排的超越傳統性別印象的角色呈現,本章亦探討小說家對於理想傳統性別想像的批評;兼具混雜性別特質的角色反而較能在生存遊戲中保持彈性,並存活下來。綜合兩章節的討論,本文希冀能提供不同的視角來閱讀此一文學經典,並探究柯林斯對於法律、性別等層面的想法如何與當時候維多利亞時期社會和文化碰撞出火花。
Canonized as the classic sensation novel, Wilkie Collins’s The Woman in White, first serialized in Dicken’s All the Year Round in 1859, provides more than plot-driven thrill, of which sensation novels are mostly accused by critics. The Woman in White shows reflections on social conditions when issues of law and gender ideology are examined as the novel progresses. The novel revolves around the mysteries first initiated by the figure Anne Catherick and the restoration of the heroine, Laura Fairlie’s stolen identity. The intriguing plot lines incur a series of detection and reciprocal espionage among the characters. Therefore, the present thesis takes the novel from the perspective of game of survival as the characters, no matter the villains or the victims, strive to survive under different circumstances. Based on the thematic framework, the thesis examines how the characters seek survival as both legal system and domestic ideology fail to perform as expected. Chapter one looks at Collins’s criticism on the rigid legal system. Loopholes in the legal system ironically allow the criminals to evade their legal responsibilities, and Collins sets up an alternative court as a complement to the system to map out his idea of justice. The chapter also examines the Victorian ideas about legal evidence to examine how Collins invokes his conception of justice through multiple narrative voices and the detection conducted by Walter Hartright. In addition, issues of respectability the game of survival implicates will be discussed as well to evaluate the situation as respectability collides with self-interest. Chapter two focuses on the game of survival within the problematic households as the domestic realm. As the households in the novel function poorly in fulfilling the Victorian ideology of ideal domesticity, the households become the hotbed of evil and crimes. In response, Collins provides scenarios of sisterhood and gender blending as solutions to the problem. The bonds shared in the sisterhood, in which the “sisters” not necessarily of the same bloodline and class, further invoke the concept of community, expanding the possibility of survival for the vulnerable characters. Moreover, in terms of gender blending, Collins shows his critique of the rigidness of the Victorian gender norms and demonstrates how characters featuring mixed gender elements possess flexibility to survive in difficulties. In conclusion, this thesis tries to provide a different perspective in reading the novel and further to map out how Collins’s ideas on law and gender interact with the contemporary Victorian society and culture.
I. Introduction …………………………………………………………………….1
Opening: The Journey as a Game of Survival

II. Chapter One
Survival in the Gap: Victorian Law and Justice ………………9

III. Chapter Two
Problematic Home, Sisterhood, and Gender Blending …………51

IV. Conclusion
Heading for Closure………………………………………………………92

V. Works Cited ………………………………………………………………96
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