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研究生:劉信恩
研究生(外文):Hsin-EnLiu
論文名稱:社會資本與災後復原研究:以莫拉克颱風安遷救助戶為例
論文名稱(外文):How Does Social Capital Affect Post-disaster Recovery? The Case of Typhoon Morakot's Victims
指導教授:郭彥廉郭彥廉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yen-Lien Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:莫拉克颱風社會資本親友政府復原
外文關鍵詞:Typhoon Morakotsocial capitalrelatives and friendsgovernmentrecovery
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臺灣處於西北太平洋地區颱風主要侵襲的路徑上,很容易受到天然災害的影響,特別是極端颱風的衝擊。有些衝擊或災害很難去避免,所能做的就是學習如何復原。本研究對象為莫拉克颱風安遷救助戶,藉由探討社會資本與災後復原影響因素,希望能提升災後復原的效率。社會資本有許多定義,可看作為實現情感為目的,透過社會網絡的力量來達到。資料來源為國家災害防救科技中心所進行的莫拉克颱風社會衝擊與復原調查,本研究使用第一期的調查資料來進行分析。分析方法為使用Tobit迴歸、截斷迴歸模型來作分析。
研究結果發現,(1)受災次數惡化復原,顯示高脆弱度區域與災民更不易復原。(2)親友提供人力及物資資源,有助於加速復原。(3)住在親友提供住處的災民,會延長復原時間。(4)政府與民間團體提供心理協助,會延長災民復原時間。(5)政府與民間團體提供物資、安家,親友提供心理安慰、金錢協助抒解重災區域與災民,但未能全面加速復原。(6)避難所的環境使得災民不易復原。(7)宗教可加速復原。
Some impact or disasters are very difficult to avoid, we can do is learn how to recover. In this study the Case of Typhoon Morakot's Victims, by exploring social capital and the impact of the restoration after consideration, we hope can raise the efficiency of recovery. This study uses survey data of National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction (NCDR)proceed the Social Impacts and Recovery Survey of Typhoon Morakot. This study uses the first term survey data of Social Impacts and Recovery Survey of Typhoon Morakot. The analysis methods to use the Tobit regression model, truncated regression model and fixed-effect regression mode. Each regression model outcome compared to fixed-effect regression model outcome.
The empirical results found that relatives, friends, government and non-governmental organization provides many sides to help victims, but can’t significant achieve the full and accelerated recovery.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究範疇 4
第三節 研究目的 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
第一節 災後復原研究 6
第二節 回復力/韌性 10
第三節 社會資本 16
第四節 小結 18
第三章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究架構 19
第二節 實證資料 21
第三節 分析方法 32
第四章 實證結果 37
第一節 Tobit迴歸模型結果 38
第二節 截斷迴歸模型結果 43
第三節 小結 48
第五章 結論與建議 49
第一節 結論 49
第二節 政策建議 51
第三節 研究限制及未來研究建議 52
參考文獻 53
附錄 58
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參考資料來源
1.交通部中央氣象局
http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/observe/rainfall/define.htm
2.台灣氣候變遷調適科技知識平台(查詢時間:2017年5月15日)
http://taiccat.ncu.edu.tw/page4/super_pages.php?ID=page401
3.國家教育研究院雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網(查詢時間:2017年7月5日)
http://terms.naer.edu.tw/detail/1242802/
4.學術調查研究資料庫:莫拉克颱風社會衝擊與復原調查
https://srda.sinica.edu.tw/search/generalret/key1:莫拉克/gp1:0
5.行政院莫拉克颱風災後重建推動委員會http://morakotdatabase.nstm.gov.tw/88flood.www.gov.tw/index-2.html
6.STATA公司網站
http://www.stata.com/
7. 中華民國紅十字會總會 (2015):莫拉克風災六週年報告。
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