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研究生:楊念綉
研究生(外文):YANG,NIEN-HSIU
論文名稱:四週乳清蛋白增補對女子短跑選手血液生化之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of whey protein supplementation for four weeks on blood biochemistry in Female sprinters
指導教授:王國慧王國慧引用關係黃啟彰黃啟彰引用關係
指導教授(外文):WANG,KUO-HUIHUANG,CHI-CHANG
口試委員:王國慧黃啟彰林竫怡
口試委員(外文):WANG,KUO-HUIHUANG,CHI-CHANGLIN,CHING-YI
口試日期:2015-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:競技與教練科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:37
中文關鍵詞:女子短跑選手
外文關鍵詞:Whey Protein
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目的:本研究探討4週乳清蛋白(whey protein,WP)增補對女子短跑選手血液生化之影響。方法:實驗者為16位大專甲組女子短跑選手為對象分為兩組,(1)例行性運動後補充安慰劑組、(2)例行性運動後補充乳清蛋白組,女性平均年齡22±3歲,身高165±8(cm),體重62±6(kg),實驗前後進行溫蓋特動力測驗(Wingate Test)、身體質量組成及抽血血液生化質值檢測,所有數值以平均值標準偏差(MeanSEM)表示,以Paired Student’s t test進行統計分析,當p 0.05表示具有統計上的意義。結果:補充乳清蛋白四週後,肝、腎臟中的肌酸酐(Creatinine)活性比安慰劑組顯著上升(p<0.05)、總膽紅素(total bilirubin,TBIL)活性方面比安慰劑組明顯上升(p<0.05),天冬氨酸基轉移酶(Aspartate Transaminase,AST)活性方面比安慰劑組明顯下降(p<0.05)、肌酸肌酶(Creatine kinase CK)活性方面明顯下降(p<0.05)。結論:因此,本研究發現運動後補充乳清蛋白能提升運動表現,降低運動過程當中會上升的天冬氨酸基轉移酶(AST)及肌酸激酶(CK)。
Effect of whey protein supplementation for four weeks on blood biochemistry in Female sprinters
Abstract
Purpose: Study aims to verify the effects of whey protein (whey protein, WP) on in the After four weeks woman sprinters whey protein supplement, for blood biochemistry. Methods: The subject 16 College woman Sprinters Athletes were randomly assigned into two groups, (1) Placebo control (2) WP supplement, And female average age 22 ± 3 years , height 165 ± 8 cm, weight 62 ± 6 kg, For experiment were repeated test Wingate speed power, body mass composition, blood biochemistry, all values to mean standard deviation (Mean±SEM ). Statistical analysis was performed with Paired Student's t test, which was statistically significant when p 0.05. Results: After added whey protein 4 weeks, In the Liver and kidney creatinine (CREA) activity increased significantly compared with the placebo control (p<0.05), Total bilirubin (TBIL) activity was significantly higher than in the placebo control (p <0.05), Aspartate transferase (AST) activity was significantly lower than that in the placebo control (p <0.05),And the Creatine kinase (CK) activity decreased significantly (p <0.05). Conclusion: Therefore, we suggest that post-exercise supplementation of whey protein can enhance the exercise performance, and reduce the exercise of which will rise in aspartate transferase (AST) and creatine kinase (CK).

目 錄
中 文 摘 要 II
英 文 摘 要 III
致 謝 IV
目 錄 V
表 目 錄 VII
圖 目 錄 VIII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第貳章 文獻探討 3
第一節 乳清蛋白介紹 3
第二節 乳清蛋白應用研究 3
第三節 短跑選手營養特性 5
第四節 運動與血液生化指標相關性 6
第五節 增補蛋白質對運動選手之相關研究 7
第六節 文獻總結 8
第參章 研究方法與材料 9
第一節 研究對象 9
第二節 飲食及體組成分析 10
第三節 實驗器材 13
第四節 實驗樣本處理 14
第四節 實驗地點與時間 15
第五節 統計分析 15
第六節 實驗流程圖 16
第肆章 結果與討論 17
第一節 16位女子短跑選手血液生化之影響 17
第二節 結論 29
第三節 建議 29
縮寫對照表 30
附件一、運動安全問卷 31
參考文獻 32
中文文獻 32
英文文獻 33


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