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研究生:謝語晨
研究生(外文):HSIEH, YU-CHEN
論文名稱:連續式與累積式健身運動對認知功能之影響:事件相關電位之研究
論文名稱(外文):Effects of continuous and accumulated exercise on cognitive function: An ERP study
指導教授:張育愷張育愷引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHANG, YU-KAI
口試委員:洪聰敏黃啟煌
口試委員(外文):HUNG, TSUNG-MINHUANG, CHI-HUANG
口試日期:2017-01-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:競技與教練科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:急性健身運動叫色測驗執行功能抑制
外文關鍵詞:acute exerciseStroop testexecutive functioninhibition
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美國運動醫學會建議健康成年人每天需進行30分鐘中等強度之有氧健身運動。然而,現代人之社會型態較為忙碌,持續性運動較為不易。因此,最新運動處方指引已進行更新,建議30分鐘中等強度之有氧運動可分次進行,並可採用單次或多次短時間運動來累積。然而,目前累積式健身運動對認知功能之相關研究仍較不足,為此,本研究將探討連續式與累積式健身運動對認知功能之影響,並以事件相關電位紀錄。本研究招募35位健康大學生,以平衡次序法經歷連續式健身運動、累積式健身運動與控制情境,並於情境介入後,進行叫色測驗與事件相關電位量測。連續式與累積式健身運動係以腳踏車測力計進行強度65% 目標心跳率介入,控制情境則係閱讀運動相關書籍。研究結果發現連續式與累積式健身運動情境後之反應時間皆顯著優於控制情境;此外,在神經電位表現上,連續式健身運動介入後振幅顯著增大,然而累積式健身運動與連續式健身運動情境及控制情境皆無顯著差異。此結果指出連續式與累積式健身運動對於大學生認知功能的信息處理過程和干擾抑制能力上有促進的效益,且連續式健身運動介入後,可能也促使注意力資源投入增加,進而提升認知表現。因此,本研究結果有利於建立提升年輕人認知功能之運動處方,連續式健身運動仍是運動之首選,但如因社會型態較為忙碌,單次無法進行較長時間之運動,採用累積的方式也能對大腦健康有正面的效益。
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that healthy adults engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per day. However, given modern busy lifestyles, exercise is often performed less frequently, thus continuous exercise practice will become more difficult. Although ACSM’s latest guidelines for exercise prescriptions suggests that exercise may be performed in a single continuous bout, or accumulated in short bouts performed over the course of the day, much less is known about the efficacy of accumulated exercise on cognitive functions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of continuous and accumulated exercise on cognitive functions by measuring event-related potential (ERP). Thirty-five healthy college-aged adults were recruited. All participants were subjected to three treatments using a within-subjects design, including exercise treatments for continuous and accumulated exercise, and a control treatment. A Stroop test was assessed after each treatment was completed. In the exercise treatments, participants were asked to perform on a stationary cycle ergometer at 65% HRR. The results revealed that those who engaged in continuous and accumulated exercise had significantly shorter reaction times on the Stroop test, as compared with those who experienced the control treatment. Additionally, increased P3 amplitude was observed only in those who performed the continuous exercise. These findings suggested that a general improvement on the Stroop test performance was found following continuous and accumulated exercise. Specifically, the beneficial effects of that exercise on both basic information processing and inhibition were found, regardless of the exercise treatments. Notably, continuous exercise may be associated with more positive effects, providing the foundation for establishing exercise prescriptions regarding cognitive functions for the young adult population.
摘 要 I
致 謝 III
目 錄 IV
第壹章 緒論 1
  第一節 研究背景 1
  第二節 研究目的 6
  第三節 研究假設 6
  第四節 名詞解釋與操作型定義 7
第貳章 文獻探討 8
  第一節 健身運動之重要性 8
  第二節 急性健身運動之相關研究 10
  第三節 認知功能與測量之相關研究 11
  第四節 急性健身運動與認知功能之相關研究 12
  第五節 急性健身運動與抑制相關認知功能 14
  第六節 急性健身運動與事件相關電位之相關研究 15
  第七節 連續式與累積式健身運動之相關研究 17
第參章 研究方法與步驟 23
  第一節 研究架構 23
  第二節 研究對象 23
  第三節 研究工具 24
  第四節 研究設計與流程 28
  第五節 資料處理 30
第肆章 結果 31
  第一節 實驗參與者背景變項 31
  第二節 健身運動介入之心跳反應 32
  第三節 健身運動對認知作業表現之影響 34
  第四節 健身運動對事件相關電位之影響 36
第伍章 討論 38
  第一節 健身運動對認知表現之影響 38
  第二節 健身運動對事件相關電位之影響 43
  第三節 研究限制與未來方向 45
第陸章 結論 46
參考文獻 47
附錄 60


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