跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.201.99.222) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/11/30 17:45
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:黃鈺晴
研究生(外文):HUANG, YU-CHING
論文名稱:不同負重對公開組女子短跑選手增強式運動表現之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Different Weight Loading towards Plyometric Performance of Professional Female Sprinte
指導教授:王國慧王國慧引用關係
指導教授(外文):WANG KUO-HUI
口試委員:張可欣黃啟彰
口試委員(外文):CHANG, KO-HSINHUANG, CHI-CHANG
口試日期:2017-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:競技與教練科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:34
中文關鍵詞:深跳運動測力板發力率衝量騰空時間
外文關鍵詞:drop jumpforce platformrate of force developmentimpulseflight time
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:151
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:31
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
目的:本研究主要目的在探討不同負重對公開組女子短跑選手增強式運動表現之影響。方法:以公開組女子短跑選手為研究對象,每位受試者皆為自身體重0%、3%、5%、7%、10%的負重進行深跳 ( drop jump ) 運動,利用測力板進行深跳運動表現之檢測,並取得短跑選手作用力方式、垂直起跳與落下時的地面反作用力的跳躍高度、發力率、等變項所得之數據,並以重覆量數單因子變異數考驗不同負重表現之差異分析進行檢定,統計水準定為α= .05。結果:研究結果指出不同負重對深跳發力率表現,0%, 24.85±25.06 ( kg/s )、3%, 20.68±31.00 ( kg/s )、5%, 19.67±23.75 ( kg/s )、7%, 19.03±28.20 (kg/s)、10%, 19.11±23.55(kg/s)均無顯著差異 (P>.05)。不同負重對深跳衝量表現,無負重與其他三種負重3%、7%、10%的相互比較皆達顯著 (P<.05),負重5%和10%相互比較則達顯著 (P<.05),而無負重與10%負重相比較則未達顯著 (P>.05)。不同負重對深跳騰空高度表現,無負重與其他兩種負重3%和10%相互比較皆達顯著 (P<.05),而負重5%和7%與其他三種負重相互比較皆未達顯著 (P>.05)。結論:本研究發現不同負重增強式深跳運動,隨著負重的增加,發力率值隨負重增加後接著又下降。而隨著負重增加,動作速度減慢,使騰空時間下降,因此顯示爆發力之訓練對短跑選手應考慮力量與肌力之最適安排才能有較佳之訓練效果。
關鍵詞:深跳運動、測力板、發力率、衝量、騰空時間

Purpose: the purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation of plyometric performance and weight loading, with subjects of professional female sprinter. Methods: On force platform, each of the subject conducted drop jump with the load of 0%, 3%, 5%, 7%, and 10% of bodyweight to collect the data of impulse, height and rate of force development (RFD) as variables to measure apply force with one-way ANOVA, repeated measures to compare with different weight loading (α=.05). Results: The results of this study shown that the correlation of different weight loading and drop jump RFD, 0%, 24.85 ± 25.06 (kg/s), 3%, 20.68 ± 31.00 (kg/s), 5%, 19.67 ± 23.75 (kg/s), 7%, 19.03 ± 28.20 (kg/s), and 10%, 19.11 ± 23.55 (kg/s) are no significant difference (P>.05). The correlation of different weight loading and drop jump impulse, 0%, 3%, 7%, and 10% are significant difference (P<.05); 5% and 10% are significant difference (P<.05); 0 % and 10% are no significant difference (P>.05). The correlation of different weight loading and drop jump height, 0%, 3% and 10% are significant difference (P<.05); comparison of 5% and 7% with other three weight are no significant difference (P>.05). Conclusion: This study discover that different weight loading of plyometric drop jump, with the weight increasing, the RFD is first growth then decline and the movement becomes slowly which also decreases the height. Results indicate that when developing explosive training programs, should consider the design of force and muscle strength for sprint athletes to make better training effect.
Keywords: drop jump, force platform, rate of force development, impulse, flight time

目 錄

中文摘要..................................................II
英文摘要.................................................III
致謝詞....................................................IV
目錄.......................................................V
圖目錄...................................................VII
表目錄..................................................VIII

第壹章 緒論.................................................1
第一節 研究背景.............................................1
第二節 研究目的.............................................2
第三節 研究範圍與限制........................................2
第四節 名詞操作定義..........................................2

第貳章 文獻探討..............................................4
第一節 增強式訓練理論之探討...................................4
第二節 陸上增強式跳躍運動之表現相關研究........................7
第三節 水中增強式運動相關研究.................................8
第四節 文獻總結..............................................9

第参章 研究方法.............................................11
第一節 研究對象.............................................11
第二節 實驗地點與時間........................................11
第三節 實驗儀器與設備........................................11
第四節 實驗設計與步驟........................................12
第五節 實驗流程..............................................14
第六節 資料處理與統計分析.....................................15

第肆章 結果與討論............................................16
第一節 不同負重對深跳發力率之表現..............................17
第二節 不同負重對深跳衝量之表現................................20
第三節 不同負重對深跳騰空高度之表現............................23

第伍章 結論..................................................27
參考文獻.....................................................28
【中文】.....................................................28
【英文】.....................................................29
附錄一 受試者須知.............................................32
附錄二 受試者同意書...........................................33
附錄三 健康狀況調查表.........................................34


參考文獻

【中文】

王翔星、莊進德、相子元、陳全壽 (2006)。阻力訓練對動作速度與爆發力的特
    殊性發展。運動教練科學,7,87-95。
林正常 (1993)。運動科學與訓練。臺北市:銀禾文化事業有限公司。
林政東 (2000)。兩種不同牽張幅度深跳動作的生物力學要素與肌電現象之分析
    (未出版碩士論文)。國立體育學院教練研究所碩士論文。桃園市龜山
    區。
劉宇 (1998)。國術騰空飛腳動作關節控制力矩及其協同作用的效果--肢段間互
   動的動力學分析。中國文化大學,臺北市。
陳敦禮 (1996)。淺談PLYOMETRICS訓練。體育與運動,98,49-58。
陳紫君 (2008)。不同百分比負重之增強式訓練對運動能力表現影響之探討 (未
   出版碩士論文) 。國體育大學,桃園市。
陳玉英 (1991)。不同高度增強式跳躍訓練對作用力及肌肉電位活動的影響。中
   華民國大專院校體育總會80年度體育學術研討會專刊,353-366。
鍾寶弘 (1999)。垂直跳與跨步跳之生物力學分析比較 (未出版碩士論文)。國立
   體育大學教練研究所,桃園市,。
張慧瑛、林寶城 (2005)。增強式肌力訓練對高中女子籃球選手跳躍表現之影響。
   北體學報,13,150-159。
蘇福仁 (1997)。增強式跳躍訓練對橄欖球選手體能和膝關節屈伸等速肌力的效
   果研究。北體學報,6,43-74。

【英文】

Allerheiligen, W. (1994). Speed development and plyometric training. Essentials of
    Strength Training and Conditioning, 314-344.
Bosco, C., & Viitasalo, J. T. (1982). Potentiation of myoelectrical activity of humanmuscles in vertical jumps. Electromyography and Clinical
    Neurophysiology, 22(7), 549-562.
Bosco, C., & Komi, P. V., (1980). Influence of countermovement amplitude in
    potentiation of muscular performance. Biomechanics Proceedings,
    University Park Press: Baltimore. U. S. A.
Bosco, C., and Komi. P. V. (1979). Pontentiation of the mechanical behavior of the
    human skeletal muscle through prestretching. Acta Physiologica
Scandinavica., 106: 467-472
Bosco, C., Luhtanen, P., & Komi, P. V. (1983). A simple method for measurement of
    mechanical power in jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology and
    Occupational Physiology, 50(2), 273-282.
Blakey, J. B., & Southard, D. (1987). The combined effects of weight training and
    plyometrics on dynamic leg strength and leg power. Journal of Applied
    Sport Science Research, 1(1), 14-16.
Bobbert, M. F., Huijing, P. A., & Van Ingen Schenau, Gerrit Jan. (1987). Drop
    jumping. II. the influence of dropping height on the biomechanics of drop
    jumping.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 19(4), 339-346.
Brown, M. E., Mayhew, J. L., & Boleach, L. (1986). Effect of plyometric training on
    vertical jump performance in high school basketball players. Journal of
    Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 26(1), 1-4.
Chu, D. (1992). Periodization: Theory and methodology of training (pp. 339-
    340). Champaign IL: Human Kinetics Publishers,
Clutch, D., Wilton, M., McGown, C., & Bryce, G. R. (1983). The effect of depth
    jumps and weight training on leg strength and vertical jump. Research
    Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 54(1), 5-10.
Gleddie, N., & Marshall, D. (1996). Plyometric training for basketball. Strength &
    Conditioning Journal, 18(6), 20-25.
Komi, P. V. (1984). Physiological and biomechanical correlates of muscle function:
    Effects of muscle structure and stretch-shortening cycle on force and
    speed.Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 12(1), 81-122.
Luebbers, P. E., Potteiger, J. A., Hulver, M. W., Thyfault, J. P., Carper, M. J., &
Lockwood, R. H. (2003). Effects of plyometric training and recovery on
vertical jump performance and anaerobic power. Journal of Strength and
ConditioningResearch / National Strength & Conditioning Association, 17(4),
704-709
Martel, G. F., Harmer, M. L., Logan, J. M., & Parker, C. B. (2005). Aquatic
    plyometric training increases vertical jump in female volleyball
    players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(10), 1814-1819.
Kaneko, M, Fuchimato, T, Toji, H, and Suei, K. (1983).Training effects of different
loads on the force-velocity relationship and mechanical power output in human muscle. Scand J Sports Sci 5: 50–55,
Miller, M. G., Berry, D. C., Bullard, S., & Gilders, R. (2002). Comparisons of land-
    based and aquatic-based plyometric programs during an 8-week training
    period. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 11(4), 268-283.
MATAVULJ, D., KUKOLJ, M., UGARKOVIC, D., TIHANYI, J., & JARIC, S.
    (2001). Effects of plyometric training on jumping performance in junior
    basketball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 41(2),
    159-164.
Robinson, L. E., Devor, S. T., Merrick, M. A., & Buckworth, J. (2004). The effects of
    land vs. aquatic plyometrics on power, torque, velocity, and muscle soreness
    in women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research / National
    Strength & Conditioning Association, 18(1), 84-91.
Radcliffe, J. C., & Farentinos, R. C. (1985). Plyometrics: Explosive power
    training Human Kinetics.
Steben, R. E., & Steben, A. H. (1981). The validity of the stretch shortening cycle in
    selected jumping events. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical
    Fitness, 21(1), 28-37.
Stemm, J. D., & Jacobson, B. H. (2007). Comparison of land- and aquatic-based
    plyometric training on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and
    Conditioning Research / National Strength & Conditioning
    Association, 21(2), 568-571.
Timmons, S. (1996). Increase vertical jump: A comparison between two training
    programs. International Inst Sport &Human Performance, University of
    Oregon,

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top