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研究生:黃谷臣
研究生(外文):HUANG,KU-CHEN
論文名稱:以慣性感測器分析不同層級游泳者動作差異之研究
論文名稱(外文):Using Inertial Sensors for Analysis Movement Pattern of The Different Levels Swimmers
指導教授:陳五洲陳五洲引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN, WU-CHOU
口試委員:邱文信郭經華張家昌李大麟陳五洲
口試委員(外文):CHIU, WEN-HSINKUO, CHIN-HWACHANG, CHIA-CHANGLEE, TA-LINCHEN, WU-CHOU
口試日期:2017-06-19
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:119
中文關鍵詞:動作參數動作分析動作模型穩定性分析
外文關鍵詞:stroke parametersstroke analysismovement modelstability analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:36
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究旨在建構慣性感測器分析游泳技術之方法,並以該方法分析不同層級游泳者動作間的差異。共有9名男性大學生參與實驗,依其游泳成就分為優秀選手組、一般選手組及休閒游泳組。在研究參與者的右手掌、左手掌及上背部設置慣性感測器,擷取因游泳動作所造成感測數據的變化。研究獲致下列結果:一、手掌位置的波形樣態具較大的振幅及峰值,捷式與仰式的最大峰值在Z軸,蛙式與蝶式則以Y軸的峰值最大。二、上背位置的感測數值在軀幹轉動、傾角或偏移的分析上皆明顯大於下背位置。三、不同層級游泳者在划手參數及軀幹轉動上達顯著差異,隨著層級越高,划幅的效果愈趨重要,軀幹的轉動、傾角及偏移也越小。四、優秀選手組之動作穩定性明顯高於休閒游泳組。結論:一、手掌及上背位置的感測資料有較佳的波形辨識效果,以感測裝置探究游泳技術時不應忽略此一重要關鍵。二、各式泳姿的最大峰值出現在不同軸向上,以設定波形閾值進行划手次數演算時,應慎選關鍵軸向之資料進行分析。三、以相關係數概念評量選手動作穩定性的方法具體可行。四、動作模型可以清楚表徵游泳者划水動作的現況,透過大量數據的蒐集,可作為動作辨識或提供游泳教學訓練上的參考。
The purpose of this study was to set up a method for analyzing swimming technique, by comparing the differences in values obtain from inertia sensors attached to swimmers of different abilities. 9 male college swimmers participated this study and divided into three groups according to their swimming performance. We fixed inertial sensor on the hands and upper backs of the participants to capture sensory data from their swimming movement. Result: A) The hands’ waveforms are large than the arms in amplitude and peak; the Z-axis peak of the freestyle stroke and backstroke was the largest, while the maximum peak of the Y-axis was produced by breaststroke and the butterfly. B) The upper back sensory values were greater than those of the lower back in body rotation, pitch and yaw. C) There were has significant differences in stroke length, speed and efficiency. The three groups of swimmers also showed has significant differences in body rotation, pitch and yaw. D) The results showed that the correlation coefficient of the elite group was significantly higher than the recreational group. Conclusion: A) Hands and upper back location has higher recognition effect than the other locations. While using sensor devices to explore swimming techniques, the position of these sensors on the body plays a critical factor. B) The waveform threshold accounting for stroke provides the crucial axial data on the different styles. C) It is feasible to evaluate the stability of a swimmer through the concept of correlation coefficient. D) The movement model can clearly describe the status of strokes.
摘要 I
Abstract II
致 謝 詞 III
目 錄 IV
表 目 錄 VI
圖 目 錄 VII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究目的 6
第三節 研究問題 6
第四節 研究限制 7
第五節 名詞操作性定義 8
第貳章 文獻探討 10
第一節 感測裝置在健康與運動領域上的應用 10
第二節 感測裝置應用在游泳分析之研究趨向 15
第三節 以感測裝置分析的游泳動作參數 22
第四節 不同層級游泳者在游泳參數上的差異 36
第五節 本章小結 42
第參章 前導實驗 43
第一節 方法 43
第二節 結果與討論 47
第三節 結論 60
第肆章 研究方法 61
第一節 研究參與者 61
第二節 研究工具 62
第三節 研究步驟 63
第四節 資料處理與分析 65
第五節 統計分析方法 73
第伍章 結果與討論 74
第一節 研究工具的信效度考驗 74
第二節 不同層級游泳者在游泳參數之分析 77
第三節 不同層級游泳者在軀幹動作之分析 79
第四節 不同層級游泳者在泳姿動作之分析 85
第五節 不同層級游泳者在動作穩定性之分析 92
第陸章 結論與建議 95
第一節 結論 95
第二節 建議 96
參考書目 97
中文部分 97
英文部分 100
附錄一 116
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