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研究生:邱逸翔
研究生(外文):CHIU, YI-HSIANG
論文名稱:自我對話對動作技能表現之影響:止觀傾向之調節效果
論文名稱(外文):Self-talk and Motor Skill Performance: Moderating Roles of Mindfulness
指導教授:盧俊宏盧俊宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):LU, JING-HORNG
口試委員:洪聰敏黃崇儒周建智張育愷
口試委員(外文):HONG, TSUNG-MINHUANG, CHUNG-JUCHOU, CHIEN-CHIHCHANG, YU-KAI
口試日期:2017-06-21
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:認知策略注意力傾向動作技能表現
外文關鍵詞:cognitive strategiesattention dispositionmotor skill performance
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本研究目的在探討不同自我對話功能與止觀傾向對運動表 現之影響。研究採抵銷平衡法,從 121位大學生中隨機抽選招 募 49 位大學生(Mage=18.96±1.08),分成高/低止觀傾向組別 (high=26; low=23),在使用動機式、指導式、及無相關自我對 話下執行粗大動作技能表現(即立定跳遠)以及精細動作技能 表現(即徑路描繪)。所蒐集到的資料採用二因子混合設計分 析方式。結果發現在立定跳遠表現,動機式與指導式自我對話 顯著優於無相關自我對話。在徑路描繪表現,動機式與指導式 自我對話顯著優於無相關自我對話。止觀組別調節作用方面, 立定跳遠無顯著交互作用,徑路描繪表現有顯著交互作用,結 果顯示無相關自我對話方面,高止觀傾向顯著優於低止觀傾向 組。結果部分支持自我對話與運動表現模式假設,並進一步提 供未來研究限制與建議。
The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of mindfulness on self-talk-motor performance relationship. Forty-nine college students (Mage=18.96±1.08) sampled from 121 college students with high/low mindfulness (high=26; low=23) and were instructed to perform a gross motor skill (i.e., stand long jump) and a fine motor skill (i.e., tracking task) under instructional, motivational and unrelated self-talk by a counter-balance order. By a two-way mixed design ANOVA analyses we found both instructional and motivational self-talk had better performance than unrelated self-talk on standing long jump and tracking test. Also, it was found mindfulness interacted with self-talk on tracking test. Results partially support the task-matching hypothesis of self-talk. Limitations, future research directions, and practical implication were discussed.

目錄
第壹章 緒 論 .............................................. 1
第一節 研 究 背 景 .................................................... 1
第二節 研 究 目 的 .................................................... 8
第三節 研 究 問 題 .................................................... 8
第四節 研 究 假 設 .................................................... 8
第五節 名 詞 解 釋 .................................................... 8
第貳章 文 獻 回 顧 .....................................11
第一節 自 我 對 話 的 內 涵 ........................................11
第二節 自 我 對 話 對 運 動 表 現 之 關 係 .......................19
第三節 自 我 對 話 對 注 意 力 的 影 響 ..........................24
第四節 自 我 對 話 對 覺 察 的 影 響 ..............................27
第五節 止 觀 的 內 涵 ...............................................28
第六節 止 觀 的 相 關 理 論 ........................................35
第七節 止 觀 概 念 之 相 關 研 究 .................................41
第八節 止 觀 測 量 ...................................................47
第九節 止 觀 與 注 意 力 之 關 係 .................................49
第十節 文獻回顧結論:研究缺口與目的 ................50
第參章 研 究 方 法 .....................................53
第一節 研 究 架 構 ...................................................53
第二節 研 究 對 象 ...................................................54
第三節 研 究 工 具 ...................................................54
第四節 研 究 設 計 與 流 程 ........................................56
第五節 資 料 處 理 ...................................................59
第 肆 章 研 究 結 果 .....................................60
第一節 實驗參與者背景變項、操弄檢核 ................60
第二節 不同自我對話與止觀傾向組別對粗大動作表現之影響
....................................................................60
第三節 不同自我對話與止觀傾向組別對精細動作表現之影響
....................................................................64
第五章 討 論 與 建 議 ..................................68
第一節 不同自我對話與止觀傾向對立定跳遠表現的影 響 ...........................................................................68
第二節 不同自我對話與止觀傾向對徑路描繪表現的影 響 ...........................................................................71
第三節 結 論 與 建 議 ...............................................73
參考文獻...............................................76
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