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研究生:王柏逸
研究生(外文):Wang, Po-Yi
論文名稱:毫米波陣列耦合器及其於微帶天線陣列之應用
論文名稱(外文):Millimeter Wave Array Coupler and Its Application in the Design of Microstrip Antenna Array
指導教授:鍾世忠鍾世忠引用關係吳霖堃
指導教授(外文):Chung, Shyh-JongWu, Lin-Kun
口試委員:曾文仁譚怡陽
口試委員(外文):Tseng, Wen-JenTarn, I-Young
口試日期:2017-07-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電信工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:毫米波天線微帶天線陣列陣列耦合器
外文關鍵詞:Millimeter Wave AntennaMicrostrip Antenna ArrayArray Coupler
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本論文提出應用於77 GHz車用防撞警示雷達之縮小化長距天線設計,長距天線著重於前方本車道與相鄰車道的環境判斷,其操作頻段為76 GHz ~ 77 GHz,具有高增益、窄波束以及低旁波束等性質。為了達到面積縮小化,本論文提出一陣列耦合器的設計,使陣列天線可以達到最小的面積設計。天線設計方面採用微帶天線當輻射單元,具有成本低、體積小和易與電路整合之優點。為了易於系統整合與製程簡單,天線饋入方式採用邊緣饋入。
In this thesis, small-sized antenna arrays for 77GHz vehicle collision warning radar systems are designed. The long-range radar(LRR) is used to detect long-range targets on the same lane and others on the neighboring lane. The operating frequency of LRR is from 76 GHz to 77 GHz, hence antennas designed for this mode are highly directional with narrow beamwidth and preferably low side lobe level. In order to minimize antenna size, the use of an array coupler is proposed and developed in this thesis. Microstrip patch antenna is chosen as the radiating element, which is well known for low cost, small size and easy integration. The signal is fed from the edge of antenna arrays for easy integration and easy fabrication.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 v
表目錄 viii

第一章 導論 1
1.1 背景及動機 1
1.2 雷達原理 2
1.3 文獻探討 4
1.4 論文貢獻 7
第二章 基礎天線原理 9
2.1 微帶天線理論 9
2.2 天線陣列理論 11
第三章 陣列耦合器於微帶天線陣列設計 16
3.1陣列耦合器 16
3.2陣列耦合器在天線子陣列上的應用 20
3.3低旁波束高增益天線陣列設計 29
第四章 天線量測與結果分析 40
4.1毫米波量測方法分析 40
4.2毫米波量測治具設計 41
4.3天線參數量測環境與方式 43
4.4天線參數量測結果及分析.................................................................48
第五章 結論與未來工作 52
5.1 結論 52
5.2 未來工作 52
參考文獻 53
[1] K. A. P. C. van Wees, “Vehicle safety regulations and ADAS: tensions between law and technology,” IEEE Conf. on Man and Cybernetics, vol.4, pp.4011-4016, 2004.

[2] Graham M Brooker, “Understanding Millimeter Wave FMCW Radars,” 1st International Conference on Sensing Technology, Palmerston North, New Zealand, pp.152-157, 2005.

[3] Denver Humphrey, “Planar Antenna Design for Long Range Radar Applications.” Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference, WAMICON '09, IEEE 10th Annual, pp. 1-5, 2009.

[4] M. Schmid, R. Feger, C. Wagner, and A. Stelzer, “Design of a linear non-uniform antenna array for a 77-GHz MIMO FMCW radar,” in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Workshop on Wireless Sensing, Local Positioning, and RFID., Sept.
2009, pp. 1-4.

[5] R. Feger, C. Wagner, S. Schuster, S. Scheiblhofer, H. Jäger, and A. Stelzer, “A
77-GHz FMCW MIMO radar based on an SiGe single-chip transceiver,” IEEE
Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 1020-1035, May. 2009.

[6] L. Chen and W. Sheng, “Performance analysis for angle measurement of monopulse radar with non-consistent amplitude-phase features,” in Microw. and Millimeter Wave Tech., Int. Conf., May. 2010, pp. 1382-1385.
[7] J. Xie, X. Feng, Y. Yuan, and S. Li, “Application of monopulse techniques in angle-measuring of single-beam mechanical scanning radar,” in CISP, Int. cong., Oct. 2010, pp. 2971-2974.

[8] K. Sakakibara, A. Kunita, D. Kawase, N. Kikuma, H. Hirayama, and K. Seo, “Broadband Millimeter-Wave Microstrip Comb-Line Antenna Using Corporate Feeding System,” in EuMc, Oct. 2011, pp. 902-905.

[9] Z. Tong, C. Wagner, R. Feger, A. Stelzer, and E. Kolmhofer, “A novel differential microstrip patch antenna and array at 79 GHz,” in Proc. Int.Antennas Propag. Symp., pp. 276-280, Taipei, Taiwan, 2008.

[10] T. Ziqiang, A. Stelzer, and E. Kolmhofer, "77 GHz center-fed differential microstrip antenna array," in Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on, Apr. 2011, pp. 583-586.

[11] Tzu-Yu Tseng,45度線性極化高增益毫米波微帶天線陣列,碩士論文,國立交通大學, 2013

[12] W. L. Stutzman and G. A. Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, 2nd ed., New York: Wiley, 1998.

[13] Constantine A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis And Design, 3rd ed., Wiley, 2005.
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