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研究生:Rufiani Nadzirah
研究生(外文):Rufiani Nadzirah
論文名稱:土地利用對於徑流的影響-以印尼 KLOPOSAWIT集水區爲例
論文名稱(外文):EFFECT OF LAND USE CHANGE ON RUNOFF: THE KLOPOSAWIT WATERSHED
指導教授:林祥偉林祥偉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyang-Woei Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:自然資源與環境學系
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
論文頁數:76
外文關鍵詞:Land use changerunoffsemi-automatic plugin QGISKloposawit
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Flood is one of the common natural disasters in East Java, Indonesia. Given the fact that high level of runoff will lead to the higher rate of flood, analyzing and controlling the level of runoff is a necessary task. Previous literature have pointed some of the factors affecting runoff, one of them is land use changes. Since the data of land use changes in Indonesia is not as available as in other developed countries, most of previous methodologies cannot be used to analyze the effect of land use change on runoff. This study focuses on building a new way to measure the land use changes in developing countries like Indonesia. Satellite images and Semi-Automatic Classification plugin of QGIS were used to measure the changes in land uses. Linear regression then was conducted to establish the correlation between land use change and runoff. Data from 1999 to 2014 were collected and analyze to produce a more robust analysis compared to other studies. Results of this study show there is a negative relationship between the changes in forest cover and the level of runoff. Limitation and promised future research directions are discussed as well.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................... i
ABSTRACT ...................................................... ii
CONTENTS ...................................................... iii
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ....................................... 1
1.1 Background ............................................. 1
1.2 Research Purpose ....................................... 2
1.3 Research Scope ......................................... 3
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW .................................. 7
2.1 Watershed .............................................. 7
2.1.1 Physical character of watershed ...................... 8
2.1.2 Rainfall ............................................. 11
2.1.3 Relationship between land uses changes and runoff ....... 12
2.2 Remote Sensing ......................................... 14
2.2.2 Remote sensing sensor resolution ..................... 15
2.2.3 Landsat satellite images ............................. 16
2.2.4 The standardization for classification ............... 18
2.2.5 Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin for QGIS: ....... 22
CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ............................... 25
3.1 Data Sources ........................................... 25
3.2 Land Use Changing Analysis ............................. 26
3.2.1 Image classification method .......................... 26
3.3 Rainfall Analyses ...................................... 31
3.4.2 Descriptive analysis ................................. 34
3.4.3 Spatial analysis: .................................... 34
3.4.4 Linear regression analysis: .......................... 34
3.4.5 Spearman’s correlation coefficient: ................. 35
CHAPTER 4: RESULT ............................................. 37
4.1 Study Site ............................................. 37
4.2 Map Boundary of Kloposawit Watershed ................... 38
4.3 Land Use Changes ....................................... 39
4.4 Runoff Level and Rainfall Intensity Description .........52
4.5 Spatial Analysis Results ............................... 54
4.6 Regression Analysis Result ............................. 60
4.7 Spearman’s Rank Correlation Test Result ............... 61
CHAPTER 5: DISCUSSION ......................................... 63
REFERENCES .................................................... 67
APPENDIX ...................................................... 71
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