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研究生:許婉鈮
研究生(外文):HSU, WAN-NI
論文名稱:人格特質與精油吸嗅之感性經驗與腦波的相關性探討
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Relationship among Personality, Essential Oils Perceptual Experience and Brain Wave
指導教授:陳秋媛陳秋媛引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN, CHIU-YUAN
口試委員:曾迎新陳嘉民
口試委員(外文):ZENG, YING-XINCHEN, JIA-MIN
口試日期:2017-06-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:自然生物科技學系自然療癒碩士班
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:芳香療法人格特質嗅覺情緒量表感性經驗腦波
外文關鍵詞:aromatherapypersonalityolfactory emotion scaleemotional experiencebrainwave
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  研究背景:芳香療法在歐洲、英國、澳洲等國家已經有數百年的歷史,於輔助醫療上的運用已相當成熟,若干歐洲國家甚至將芳香療法納入健保給付的醫療體系中。目前安寧房也引入芳香療法來緩解病人不適的症狀,藉由精油香氣的散發,能讓癌末病人心情愉悅,感到舒適。傳統芳香療法的應用較著重於精油之功能屬性,對於精油使用者其人格特質於氣味情感認知,亦或情緒與生理反應之聯結等皆未有積極的探討,因此,本研究將探討個體人格特質與精油嗅覺感性經驗之關聯性,並以腦波訊號之客觀參數推測精油組成成份與嗅覺感性經驗之對應關係,以期使消費者對於植物精油的選擇更為貼近個人需求。
  材料與方法:本研究招募50位年齡介於20~24 歲之大學生,紀錄受試者吸嗅精油後產生的腦波趨勢與嗅覺情緒構面之變化。本研究以常見之單萜烯類與酯類代表性精油進行試驗,分別為快樂鼠尾草(Clary sage)與葡萄柚(Grapfruit) 精油,每位受試者均須完成二種精油吸嗅,每種精油測試需相隔一週,測試的精油順序為隨機選取。評估工具為基本資料、五大人格特質量表、PAD嗅覺情緒量表(PAD Emotional State Model)和腦波量測儀。數據資料以SPSS 18統計軟體進行描述性統計、Pearson相關之統計分析。
  研究結果:友善型者吸嗅快樂鼠尾草精油和葡萄柚精油皆與情緒之激發度(Arousal)呈顯著相關,顯示個體啟動神經生理之警覺性,可能與情感狀態聯繫的機體能量啟動程度有關。外向型和神經質型者吸嗅葡萄柚精油皆與與愉悅度(Pleasure)呈顯著相關,顯示個體情緒狀態的正向特性,即情感本質處於積極、喜歡的狀態。進一步劃分情緒類別,全部受試者吸嗅快樂鼠尾草精油情緒狀態是舒適放鬆的(P+ A- D+),吸嗅葡萄柚精油情緒狀態是精神充沛的(P+ A+ D+)。吸嗅二種精油之腦波皆呈現放鬆時間比例高於專注時間比例。
  結論:人格特質與精油嗅覺情緒構面與腦波有不同維度之相關性,本研究之結果可以作為芳香療法實證研究之參考,未來亦可藉此發展個人化情緒精油處方輔助精油的選用。
  Research Background: Aromatherapy has been practiced for centuries in Europe, Britain, Australia and other countries. Its use as an auxiliary medication has been quite mature that a number of European countries have even included aromatherapy in their health insurance systems. Currently, the hospice has also introduced aromatherapy to alleviate the patient's discomfort that, through the distribution of essential oils aroma, terminal cancer patients can find happiness and comfort. Traditional aromatherapy emphasizes the functional properties of essential oils, typically ignoring essential oil users’ personalities, their emotional connection with the aroma, or their psychological or physical reactions to it. Therefore, this study will explore the association between individual personality traits and the olfactory experience of essential oils, and the objective parameters of brainwave signals are used to infer the correspondence between essential oil composition and olfactory sensibility experience that, hopefully, consumers can select the best choices of plant oils for their personal needs.
  Materials & Methods: In this study, 50 college students, aged 20 to 24, have been enrolled to be recorded on the changes in their brainwave and the olfactory emotion scale after inhaling essential oils. The iconic oils such as the common monoterpenes and ester essential oils tested in this study are clary sage and grapefruit essential oils. Each subject has had to inhale the two essential oils, each of which was separated by one week apart. The sequence of the tested oils has been made by random selection. Basic personal information, the five-factor mode, PAD Emotional State Model and the brainwave meter were the tools used. Data have been analyzed by SPSS 18 statistical software, and Pearson correlation statistical analysis.
  Study Results: For the friendly type, inhaling both clary sage oil and grapefruit oil is significantly linked to emotional arousal, showing that the individual initiating alertness of neurophysiology may be related to the emotional state of the body to pronounce the degree of energy. For the outgoing and neurotic types, pleasure is significantly connected, showing a positive characteristic of the individual's emotional state, and, that is, the nature of the emotion is active and happy. To further divide the emotional category, when inhaling clary oil, all subjects have experienced relaxation (P + A - D +), and, when inhaling grapefruit essential oil, all of them are energetic (P + A + D +). The brainwave also shows a higher perception in relaxation than concentration when either oil has been inhaled.
  Conclusion: Personality traits, the olfactory-emotional facets of essential oils, and the brainwave are correlated in different dimensions. the results of this study can be used as a reference for the study of aromatherapy, as well as the basis for future personalized prescription emotional essential oils development.
摘要 I
Abstract III
目錄 VI
表目次 X
圖目次 XII

第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究動機 4
1.2 研究目的 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 芳香療法 6
2.1.1 芳香療法實證應用 7
2.1.2 氣味與情緒反應 9
2.1.3 嗅覺的感性經驗 11
2.1.4 氣味與消費行為 12
2.1.5 快樂鼠尾草精油 13
2.1.6 葡萄柚精油 15
2.2 人格特質 18
2.2.1 五大傳統人格理論 18
2.2.2 人格五因素模式 19
2.3 情緒量表 25
2.3.1 情緒量表的量測構面 26
2.3.2 PAD 量表二分法之情緒狀態29
2.4 腦波(Electroencephalogram,EEG) 31
第三章 研究方法 36
3.1 研究架構 36
3.2 研究對象 37
3.3 研究場所 38
3.4 研究工具 39
3.5 實驗流程 40
3.6 資料統計與分析 41
第四章 研究結果 42
4.1 研究對象基本資料 42
4.2 精油吸嗅後腦波呈現專注或放鬆狀態之比例 44
4.3 精油與嗅覺情緒構面 45
4.4 快樂鼠尾草的嗅覺情緒構面與腦波之相關性 47
4.5 葡萄柚精油的嗅覺情緒與腦波之相關性 48
4.6 人格特質與快樂鼠尾草的吸嗅腦波變化之相關性 49
4.7 人格特質與葡萄柚精油吸嗅腦波變化之相關性 50
4.8 人格特質與快樂鼠尾草嗅覺情緒之相關性 51
4.9 人格特質與葡萄柚精油的嗅覺情緒之相關性 52
第五章 討論70
5.1 基本資料特性與綜合性之描述 70
5.2 吸嗅精油之腦波變化與嗅覺感性經驗 71
5.3 人格特質與吸嗅精油腦波變化之相關性 75
5.4 人格特質與精油嗅覺情緒之相關性 76
第六章 結論與建議 78

參考文獻 80

附錄 A 88
附錄 B 89
附錄 C 90
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