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研究生:黎文江 Van Giang Le
研究生(外文):VAN GIANG LE
論文名稱:後勁溪水及底泥重金屬污染與生態風險探討
論文名稱(外文):Human Health Risk Implication of Heavy Metal Contamination in Fish of Houjing River, Taiwan
指導教授:林啓燦林啓燦引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chitsan Lin
口試委員:吳明洋
口試委員(外文):Yao-Hui HuangEdward Ming Yang-Wu
口試日期:2017-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄海洋科技大學
系所名稱:海洋環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:51
外文關鍵詞:Heavy metal contamination; Pollution prevention; Fish; Bioaccumulation; Industrial plants; Human health risk; Wellbeing
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In this study, tissues of five fish species (Oreochromis niloticus, Liposarcus multiradiatus, Hypsibarbus pierrei, Hemiculter leucisculus, Carassius auratus) in Houjing River, which is situated in Kaohsiung - the most industrialised city in Taiwan, were analysed for heavy metal concentrations. With concentrations being much higher than standard limits of different organisations, e.g. World Health Organization (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and also other similar studies’ findings, the seriousness of heavy metal contamination in fish of Houjing River is certain. High hazard and carcinogenic risk related to heavy metals in fish of the river was proven by the calculation of Target hazard quotient (THQ) and Target cancer risk (TR). In fact, four of five species present THQs higher than 1 and seven TR values of Zn and As are higher than 10-4. Despite lower EDIs than the recommended daily allowance, possible bioaccumulation of heavy metals into the fish still gives rise to high health risk given the fish are consumed. Among the elements, Zn is the most Bioaccumulated evidenced by its above 1000 BAFs. In addition, among the fish species, Oreochromis niloticus possesses the ability to accumulate Cu and Zn dramatically. Pearson’s correlation matrix showed a positive correlation between Cu and As, which were also reported to be related to multiple industrial activities along the river. Hierarchical cluster analysis of results based on sampling stations exhibits three clusters and may be linked to the type of industrial activities specifically occurring in each area. The more intensive study is needed in order to determine the toxic metals in fish. Reporting of contaminant levels must be compared with health criteria values. Despite this, our study shows the severity of heavy metal contamination in fish of Houjing River that calls for imperative but efficient actions from the governmental authorities and scientific community to help prevent and mitigate the situation as well as to protect the well-being of local inhabitants.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES VI
LIST OF FIGURES VII
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEWS 3
CHAPTER 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS 9
3.1 Fish species 9
3.2 Site location and sampling 12
3.3 Sample preparation 13
3.4 Analytical procedure 15
3.5 Contamination control 15
3.6 Heavy metal analysis 15
3.7 Quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) 18
3.8 Risk assessment and bioaccumulation calculation 19
CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 21
4.1 Heavy metal concentrations in fish 21
4.1.1 Arsenic (As) 23
4.1.2 Cadmium (Cd) 23
4.1.3 Chromium (Cr) 23
4.1.4 Copper (Cu) 24
4.1.5 Lead (Pb) 24
4.1.6 Nickel (Ni) 25
4.1.7 Zinc (Zn) 25
4.1.8 Mercury (Hg) 25
4.2 Comparison with other similar studies 26
4.3 Health risk assessment 29
4.3.1 Target hazard quotient (THQ) 29
4.3.2 Target cancer risk (TR) 31
4.3.3 Estimated daily intake (EDI) and recommended daily allowance 33
4.4 Bioaccumulation and potential sources of heavy metals in fish of Houjing River 35
4.4.1 Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish 35
4.4.2 Person’s correlation matrix (PCM) 38
4.4.3 Hierarchical cluster analysis 40
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS 42
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 43
REFERENCES 44

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