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研究生:楊秀美
研究生(外文):YANG, HSIU-MEI
論文名稱:公民營廢棄物處理機構安全文化評估之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on Safety Culture Evaluation of Publicly and Privately Owned Waste Management Organizations
指導教授:戴華山戴華山引用關係
指導教授(外文):TAI, HUA-SHAN
口試委員:王振華林健榮
口試委員(外文):WANG,JEN-HUALIN,JIAN-RUNG
口試日期:2017-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程系碩士專班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:廢棄物公民營廢棄物處理機構安全文化
外文關鍵詞:WastePublicly and Privately Owned Waste Management OrganizationsSafety culture
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:261
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:53
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
全國事業廢棄物總產生量,統計至105年止高達23,747千公噸,行政院環境保護署為掌握事業廢棄物產出及處理情形,致力於事業廢棄物相關法規研議及建立廢棄物清除、處理機構許可制度,迄105年底止,全國公民營廢棄物處理機構已達167家,其中甲級有110家。
為達事業廢棄物妥善處理及再利用之目標,公民營廢棄物處理機構及其從業人員常需暴露在有害事業廢棄物及危險的工作環境中;在過去大家所關心的皆是事業廢棄物能否得到妥善處理,然而在事業廢棄物處理績效之外,鮮少探討有關公民營廢棄物處理機構及其從業人員對於作業過程中安全文化之認知。爰此,本研究乃針對高雄市及臺南市取得公民營廢棄物處理機構許可證之從業人員進行安全文化問卷調查,共計對23家公民營廢棄物處理機構發出230份問卷,回收有效問卷為230份,透過SPSS 21版統計軟體進行次數分配和描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定及單因子變異數分析。
研究結果顯示甲級公民營廢棄物處理機構在安全承諾、安全系統、安全參與、安全訓練、溝通通報、獎懲激勵、領導監督、環境設施和學習變革的得分高於乙級廢棄物處理機構,即甲級公民營廢棄物處理機構在各安全向度的觀念與認知相較於乙級公民營廢棄物處理機構為高,而在職務差別安全文化現況表現,整體安全文化在認知上以擔任主管的安全認知度最高,其次為公民營廢棄物處理機構專責人員。

National business wastes always creation quantity, statistics to 105 years be up to 23,747,000 metric tons, Environmental Protection Administration for control a business wastes and produce and handle the situation, concentrate on the business wastes related laws deliberation and establishment wastes clearance, processing organization admit system, till the end of 105 years, Publicly and Privately Owned Waste Management Organizations processing the organization have already reached to 167, among them, the first grade contains processing target of 110 family affairs industry wasteses.
For attain a business wastes carefully processing and again target of exploitation, Publicly and Privately Owned Waste Managemen the organization and its employee often need to be exposed in the work environment of the harmful business wastes and the danger; For attain a business wastes carefully processing and then target of exploitation, citizen camp wastes processing the organization and its employee often need to be exposed in the work environment of the harmful business wastes and the danger; What everyone concerns all was a business wastes to get the appropriate processing in the past, however in the business wastes processing results outside, fresh few study relevant citizen the camp wastes handled the organization and its employee is for the cognition of safe culture in the homework process.What everyone concerns all was a business wastes to get the appropriate processing in the past, however in the business wastes handle in addition to results, fresh few study relevant citizen camp wastes processing the organization and its employee is for the cognition of safe culture in the homework process.Hence this, this research is obtaining the employee of citizen's the camp wastes processing organization certificate to Kaohsiung City and Tainan City to carry on a safe cultural questionnaire, add up to send out 230 questionnaires to 23 citizen's the camp wastes processing organizations, recall the effective questionnaire as 230, through the SPSS21 statistics the software carry on frequency distribution and descriptive statistics, the independent sample t examination and one-way analysis of variance. Hence this, this research is obtaining the employee of citizen's the camp wastes processing organization certificate to Kaohsiung City and Tainan City and carry on a safe cultural questionnaire, add up to and send out 230 questionnaires to 23 citizen's the camp wastes processing organizations, recall the effective questionnaire as 230, through the SPSS21 statistics the software carry on frequency distribution and descriptive statistics, the independent sample t examination and one-way analysis of variance.
The research shows the first grade as a result citizen camp wastes processing the organization promise in the security, safe system, security participation, security train, communication notification, the prize and punishment encourage, leadership direct, the getting a goal of environment facilities and learning change is higher than a second grade wastes processing organization, namely first grade citizen camp wastes processing the organization compare with the second grade toward idea and cognition of degree at each security citizen camp wastes processing organization is high, and incumbency duty the difference safe cultural current conditions express, whole and safe culture the safe cognition that serves as supervisor is the highest on the cognition, secondly is citizen camp wastes processing organization dedicated personnel. The research shows the first grade as a result citizen camp wastes processing organization at safe commitment, safe system, security participation, security train, communication notification, the prize and punishment encourage, leadership direct, the getting a goal of environment facilities and learning change is higher than a second grade wastes processing organization, namely first grade citizen camp wastes processing the organization compare with the second grade toward idea and cognition of degree at each security citizen camp wastes processing organization is high, and incumbency duty the difference safe cultural current conditions express, whole and safe culture the safe cognition that serves as supervisor is the highest on the cognition, secondly is citizen camp wastes processing organization dedicated personnel.

目錄
中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景及動機 1
1.2研究目的 1
1.3研究範圍及限制 3
1.3.1研究範圍 3
1.3.2研究限制 3
1.4論文架構 4
第二章 現況分析及文獻回顧 6
2.1國內公民營廢棄物處理機構現況 6
2.1.1專有名詞及法規定義 6
2.1.2公民營廢棄物處理機構組織概況與流程概述 11
2.1.3高雄市及臺南市公民營廢棄物處理機構設置概況 15
2.2安全文化之概述 19
2.2.1安全文化定義 19
2.2.2安全文化評量工具 22
第三章 研究設計與方法 23
3.1研究方法及架構 23
3.2研究假設與問卷 24
3.3問卷設計 25
3.4統計資料分析方法 32
3.5預試結果 33
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1 樣本結構探討分析 43
4.2企業安全文化現況分析 47
4.3企業安全文化差異分析 58
4.4企業安全文化相關分析 96
4.5安全文化常模 97
第五章 結論與建議 98
5.1結論 98
5.2建議 99
參 考 文 獻 100
附錄 103


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