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研究生:高啟銘
研究生(外文):Kao,Chi-Ming
論文名稱:鐵路車輛系統之行車安全分析
論文名稱(外文):Driving Safety Analysis of Railway Vehicle System
指導教授:鄭永長
指導教授(外文):Cheng,Yung-Chang
口試委員:郭振銘黃晟豪許哲嘉
口試日期:2017-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:機械與自動化工程系碩士專班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:脫軌係數軌道不整
外文關鍵詞:ADAMS/RailKalker
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本篇論文係利用 ADAMS/Rail 軟體,進行鐵路車輛系統的動態模擬分析,探討不同車速、軌道不整波長、輪軌接觸力與摩擦係數對於脫軌安全性的影響。並且比較 FASTSIM 演算法、POLACH 演算法對脫軌係數的影響。
數據分析結果顯示,車輛行駛速度愈快,列車脫軌係數也會相對變大;而列車輪軌間的摩擦係數值愈大,則脫軌係數愈小。軌道不整方向於側面、且 Kalker比例因子等於 1.00 時,對於行車安全影響最大。綜上,分析結果顯示,軌道不整、輪軌摩擦係數與輪軌接觸力,對於鐵路列車的動態行為是不能輕易忽視。
In this study, ADAMS/Rail software is used to investigate the dynamic analysis for a railway vehicle system. This paper discusses the effects of different vehicle speed,orbital unevenness, wheel - rail contact force and friction coefficient on derailment quotients. It also compares the influence of the FASTSIM and POLACH algorithm on derailment factors.
The result of data analysis shows that the faster vehicle speed will induce the larger train derailment coefficient. In the other hand, the greater the coefficient of friction between rail and wheels causes smaller the derailment factor. When the rail irregularities on the side track and the Kalker‟s scale factor is equal to 1.0, it has the greatest impact on traffic safety.
According the above description, the influence of the rail irregularities,wheel/rail friction coefficient and wheel/rail contact force on the dynamic analysis of a railway vehicle can‟t be disregarded.

中文摘要.................................................................I
ABSTRACT ...............................................................II
致謝................................................................... III
目錄................................................................... IV
表目錄.................................................................. VI
圖目錄..................................................................VII
第一章 緒論............................................................. 1
1-1 前言 ............................................................... 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 ...................................................... 1
1-3 文獻回顧 ........................................................... 2
1-3-1 列車之動態行為 .................................................... 3
1-3-2 列車之安全性 ...................................................... 3
1-4 論文架構 ............................................................ 4
第二章 脫軌與輪軌接觸理論分析.............................................. 6
2-1 列車脫軌原因及模式 ................................................... 6
2-1-1 列車脫軌原因 ...................................................... 6
2-1-2 列車脫軌模式 ...................................................... 7
2-2 脫軌判斷準則 ........................................................ 9
2-3 軌道不整 ............................................................11
2-4 車輪與鋼軌間的接觸力 ................................................ 15
2-4-1 Kalker 線性理論 .................................................. 15
2-4-2 FASTSIM 演算法.................................................... 16
2-4-3 POLACH 演算法 .................................................... 17
第三章 鐵路車輛-軌道系統模型.............................................. 20
3-1 軌道列車之建立 ...................................................... 20
3-1-1 ADAMS 軟體介紹.................................................... 20
3-1-2 ADAMS 列車與軌道模型............................................... 21
3-2 軌道不整模擬 ........................................................ 39
3-3 車輛行駛之動態模擬脫軌係數分析 ....................................... 40
第四章 數值分析.......................................................... 48
4-1 動態模擬脫軌係數分析 ................................................ 48
4-1-1 軌道不整方向分析 .................................................. 51
4-1-2 Kalker 比例因子分析 .............................................. 54
4-1-3 輪軌接觸力計算法分析 .............................................. 57
4-1-4 摩擦係數分析 ..................................................... 60
第五章 結論與未來展望.................................................... 66
5-1 結論 ............................................................... 67
5-2 未來展望 ........................................................... 68
參考文獻................................................................ 69
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