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研究生:曾思綸
研究生(外文):TSENG, SZU-LUN
論文名稱:學齡前兒童口腔輪替運動及自發性言語速率之探討
論文名稱(外文):Oral Diadochokinetic Rate and Spontaneous Speech Rate in Preschool Children
指導教授:鄭靜宜鄭靜宜引用關係
指導教授(外文):JHENG, JING-YI
口試委員:鄭靜宜楊淑蘭林月仙
口試委員(外文):JHENG, JING-YIYANG, SHU-LANLIN, YUEH-HSIEN
口試日期:2017-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:特殊教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:特殊教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:學齡前兒童口腔輪替運動速率自發性言語構音速率聲學分析
外文關鍵詞:preschool childrenoral diadochokinetic ratespontaneous speecharticulation rateacoustic analysis
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本研究旨在探究學齡前兒童口腔輪替運動與自發性言語速率的表現,建立學齡前兒童口腔輪替運動速率及自發性言語速率的常模,比較年齡、施測材料及不同語速對口腔輪替運動速率以及語音錯誤次數的影響,並且了解口腔輪替運動與自發性言語速率之相關性。施測對象為 90 位台南及高雄地區學齡前兒童,分成四歲組、五歲組及六歲組,每組30人,男女各半,施測內容包含單音節、雙音節和三音節的音節序列以及描述龜兔賽跑故事的自發性言語,採用聲學分析軟體進行語言樣本分析。結果發現口腔輪替運動速率,大致上隨著年齡成長而增快的趨勢,四歲組之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率顯著慢於五歲組,但五歲組及六歲組之間沒有顯著差異,而平常語速之相鄰年齡組別也沒有顯著差異。學齡前兒童的最快語速口腔輪替運動速率顯著受到不同音節數、構音位置、音節結構及是否具語意等施測材料因素的影響。此外,執行口腔輪替運動作業時,三組兒童出現語音錯誤次數的差異不大,發現語音錯誤情形會受到不同語速、音節結構、音節數及是否具語意等施測材料因素的影響。自發性言語速率大致上亦呈現隨年齡成長而增加的趨勢,四歲組平均自發性言語構音速率顯著慢於六歲組,但相鄰的年齡組別兩兩之間未達顯著差異。自發性言語速率與最快語速口腔輪替運動速率呈顯著的中度相關,與平常語速口腔輪替運動呈顯著低相關,顯示自發性言語速率與口腔輪替運動速率之間存在某程度的關聯性。
The aim of this study was to describe the performance of oral diadochokinesis (oral-DDK) and spontaneous speech rate in preschool children. It was to establish the norms of oral-DDK rate and spontaneous speech rate for preschool children, and to investigate the possible effect of age, the nature of the stimuli presented and different rates (the fastest and habitual rate) on oral-DDK task, and to explore speech errors during the tasks, and to understand the relationship between oral-DDK and spontaneous speech rates. Participants included 90 children lived in Tainan and Kaohsiung , and being elicited in three age groups (4, 5 and 6 years), the numbers of boys and girls are fifty and fifty, asking to repeat monosyllabic, bisyllabic and trisyllabic utterances and describing the story of the Tortoise and the Hare.
The results showed that the development progression was found in both the fastest and habitual oral-DDK rate, the fastest oral-DDK rate in 4-year-old was significantly faster than 5-year-old, but there was no significant difference between 5 and 6-yearold, while the habitual oral-DDK rate did not show significant difference between ages of 4 and 5, and 5 and 6 years. The fastest oral-DDK rate was significantly influenced by the nature of the stimuli presented, including the number of syllables, the placement of consonants, the structure of syllables, and the meaning utterances. In addition, the performance of speech errors during oral-DDK tasks was no significant change with age, but speech errors show the difference in rate, syllable numbers, syllable structures, and meaning utterances. Moreover, spontaneous speech rate also showed that increased with age. Spontaneous speech rate in 4-year-old was significantly slower than 6-yearold, but there was no significant difference between the adjacent age groups. Furthermore, spontaneous speech rate was significant moderately related to the fastest oral-DDK rate, and there is weakly related to the habitual oral-DDK rate. Therefore the findings showed a certain degree of relationship between oral-DDK and spontaneous speech rate.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
表目次 v
圖目次 vi
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 名詞解釋 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 口腔輪替運動速率之臨床意義 7
第二節 口腔輪替運動作業之施測方式 12
第三節 學齡前兒童之口腔輪替運動速率 21
第四節 自發性言語速率之探討 24
第五節 口腔輪替運動與自發性言語速率之相關性 30
第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 研究架構 33
第二節 研究對象 34
第三節 施測材料及工具 36
第四節 施測過程及指導語 39
第五節 資料分析 42
第四章 研究結果 47
第一節 學齡前兒童之口腔輪替運動表現 47
第二節 施測材料影響口腔輪替運動速率之表現 56
第三節 口腔輪替運動的音誤分析 69
第四節 口腔輪替運動與自發性言語速率之相關性 78
第五章 結論與建議 82
第一節 主要發現 82
第二節 綜合討論 84
第三節 研究限制與建議 91
參考文獻 93
一、中文部分 93
二、英文部分 94
附錄 98
附錄一 家長同意書 98
附錄二 施測紀錄表 99

表目次
表 2-1 學齡前兒童口腔輪替運動相關研究之測量方式 19
表 2-2 口腔輪替運動常見的構音錯誤類型及相關研究 17
表 2-3 口腔輪替運動的語音不流暢類型及相關研究 17
表 2-4 學齡前兒童之口腔輪替運動速率相關研究 22
表 2-5 典型發展兒童說話速率之相關研究 29
表 3-1 受試者來源及各年齡組資料 35
表 3-2 口腔輪替運動之施測材料 36
表 3-3 計算語音錯誤方式之示例 44
表 4-1-1 三組兒童在不同施測材料下之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 49
表 4-1-2 三組兒童在不同施測材料下之平常語速口腔輪替運動速率 52
表 4-1-3 三組兒童在不同語速下之口腔輪替運動速率 54
表 4-2-1 不同音節數施測材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 56
表 4-2-2 不同構音位置施測材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 58
表 4-2-3 不同音節的單音節結構施測材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 60
表 4-2-4 不同音節結構的三音節施測材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 61
表 4-2-5 是否具語意的純母音結構施測材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 64
表 4-2-6 是否具語意的 C-V 結構施測材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 64
表 4-2-7 各施測材料對最快語速口腔輪替運動速率之變異數分析摘要表 67
表 4-3-1 三組兒童執行不同施測材料之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤表現 70
表 4-3-2 不同音節結構的施測材料之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤次數 71
表 4-3-3 不同音節數施測材料之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤次數 73
表 4-3-4 是否具有語意施測材料之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤次數 75
表 4-3-5 以兩種語速執行不同音節數口腔輪替運動之語音錯誤次數 76
表 4-4-1 三組兒童自發性言語速率之表現 79
表 4-4-2 不同語速之口腔輪替運動與自發性言語速率與積差相關分析摘要表 80

圖目次
圖 3-1 研究架構圖 33
圖 3-2 電腦 Flash 口腔輪替運動速率施測介面 38
圖 3-3 施測過程流程表 40
圖 3-4 使用 Praat 分析自發性言語速率語料之示例 42
圖 3-5 使用 Praat 分析口腔輪替運動速率之示例 43
圖 4-1-1 三組兒童在最快語速下之平均口腔輪替運動速率 50
圖 4-1-2 三組兒童在平常語速下之平均口腔輪替運動速率 53
圖 4-1-3 兩種不同語速之口腔輪替運動速率 55
圖 4-2-1 三組兒童在不同音節數材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 57
圖 4-2-2 三組兒童在不同構音位置材料之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 59
圖 4-2-3 三組兒童在單音節不同音節結構之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 61
圖 4-2-4 三組兒童在三音節不同音節結構之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 62
圖 4-2-5 三組兒童在是否具語意純母音結構之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 65
圖 4-2-6 三組兒童在是否具語意 C-V 結構之最快語速口腔輪替運動速率 65
圖 4-3-1 三組兒童執行不同音節結構材料之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤次數 72
圖 4-3-2 三組兒童執行不同音節數材料之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤次數 74
圖 4-3-3 兩種語速與不同音節數之口腔輪替運動語音錯誤 77
圖 4-4-1 自發性言語速率與最快語速口腔輪替運動速率之散布圖 80
圖 4-4-2 自發性言語速率與平常語速口腔輪替運動速率之散布圖 81
一、中文部分
兒童及少年福利與權益保障法(2015 年 12 月 16 日)。
紀靜麗、李欣、侯梅、李淑秋、喬衛衛等(2015):腦性癱瘓兒口運動與構音障
礙特徵及其臨床評定。中國康復與理論與實踐,21(4),479-482。
國民教育法(2016 年 06 月 01 日)。
陳玫霖(2009): 兒童、成人與老年人的口腔輪替運動特性(未出版碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學聽力語言治療研究所,高雄。
黃昭鳴、杜曉新、萬萍、陳茜(2005):國人兒童口腔輪替運動速率參考標準的制定。聽力學及言語疾病雜誌,13(6),400-403。
楊淑蘭(2004):學齡前構音/音韻異常兒童口語-動作機轉的結構與功能之研究。載於 2004 特殊教育學術研討會論文集主題:追求卓越(頁 209-215)。台北:國立台灣師範大學特教系。
鄭靜宜(2011): 語音聲學–說話聲音的科學。台北:心理。
鄭靜宜(2013): 話在心‧口難言:運動性言語障礙的理論與實務。台北:心理。
賴佩汝(2013): 學前幼兒口腔輪替任務表現之探討(未出版碩士論文)。國立台北護理健康大學聽語障礙科學研究所,台北。
謝國平(2011)。 語言學概論(三版)。台北:三民。

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