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研究生:徐崇婷
研究生(外文):HSU, CHUNG-TING
論文名稱:學前語音異常兒童的非詞複誦表現之探討
論文名稱(外文):The Performance of Nonword Repetition for Preschool Children with Speech Sound Disorders
指導教授:鄭靜宜鄭靜宜引用關係
指導教授(外文):JENG, JING-YI
口試委員:楊淑蘭林月仙鄭靜宜
口試委員(外文):YANG, SHU-LANLIN, YUE-HSIENJENG, JING-YI
口試日期:2017-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:特殊教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:特殊教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:語音異常非詞複誦語音知覺音韻處理工作記憶
外文關鍵詞:speech sound disordersnonword repetitionspeech perceptionphonological processingworking memory
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  本研究使用非詞複誦作業,探討學前語音異常兒童的非詞複誦表現與構音能力、語音知覺與工作記憶等能力的關係。藉由評量十六名語音異常兒童與十六名一般兒童在構音測驗、非詞區辨、數字廣度作業的表現,分析這些評估作業與非詞複誦正確率的相關性,進而推論兒童非詞複誦表現的影響因素。本研究採取兩種方式計算非詞複誦正確率,第一種將聲母的替代、省略、扭曲與贅加皆視為不正確,稱為CP計分。第二種則將錯誤聲母中與受試者音韻歷程相同的錯誤聲母視為正確,稱為EP計分。結果顯示若使用CP計分,語音異常兒童的非詞複誦正確率明顯低於一般發展兒童,且兩組兒童的複誦正確率皆顯著受到音節長度和音節位置影響,複誦正確率隨音節數量增加而遞減,在音節序列首、尾的複誦正確率會高於位於中間的音節,聲調變化並不影響非詞複誦正確率。研究亦發現無論語音異常兒童或一般兒童,構音能力、語音知覺、工作記憶能力皆與非詞複誦正確率相關,而工作記憶、接收性詞彙能力與構音能力能夠共同預測非詞複誦之簡單題項、複雜題項及總正確率,推論學前語音異常兒童的工作記憶能力是影響其非詞複誦表現的主要原因。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the performance of nonword repetiton, speech perception, articulatory accuracy and working memory for preschool children with speech sound disorders(SSD). There were 16 SSD children and 16 age-matched normal children recruited. Two methods (CP and EP method) were used to scoring the nonword repetiton task. The substitutions, omissions, distortions and additions of sounds were scored as incorrect with CP(comprise phonological processing) scoring method, while for EP(exclude phonological processing) scoring method, the sound errors with the same phonological processing of the children were excluded.
  The results showed that the nonword repetiton’s correct rate of children with SSD was significantly lower than children with typical language developed when scored by CP method. Children achieved the highest correct rate in syllable-initial position, and the lower correct rate syllable-medial position. As the syllable length of nowords increased, the correct rates of nonword repetition significantly decreased. The correct rate didn’t affect by the tone changed.
Our findings indicated that children’s nonword repetiton performance were moderately correlated with articulatory accuracy, speech perception and working memory capacity. Moreover, Children’s nonword repetiton accuracy could be predicted by working memory capacity, receptive vocabulary and articulatory accuracy. These findings suggest that working memory capacity is the major factor contributing to the children’s performance of nonword repetiton.

目錄

誌謝 i
中文摘要 ii
英文摘要 iii
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 4
第三節 名詞解釋 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 非詞複誦的運作機制 7
第二節 非詞複誦作業 18
第三節 語音異常兒童的語音處理機制 23
第三章 研究方法 33
第一節 研究架構 33
第二節 研究對象 34
第三節 研究工具 35
第四節 研究流程 37
第五節 資料分析 39
第四章 結果與討論 43
第一節 兩組兒童的非詞複誦表現之比較 43
第二節 非詞複誦正確率與構音能力、語音知覺、工作記憶的相關 51
第三節 預測學前兒童非詞複誦正確率之迴歸分析 54
第五章 討論與建議 65
第一節 主要發現 65
第二節 綜合討論 66
第三節 研究限制 71
第四節 研究建議 71
參考文獻 73
附錄 84
附錄一 家長同意書 84
附錄二 非詞複誦材料列表 86

表目錄

表3-1  兩組研究對象之年齡平均數與標準差 34
表4-1 受試兒童在複誦不同複雜程度非詞與構音測驗之相關 52
表4-2 受試兒童在複誦不同複雜程度非詞與非詞區辨測驗之相關 53
表4-3 受試兒童在複誦不同複雜程度非詞與數字廣度作業之相關 54
表4-4 CP計分簡單題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析之模式摘要表 55
表4-5 CP計分簡單題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析係數表 56
表4-6 CP計分複雜題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析之模式摘要表 57
表4-7 CP計分複雜題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析係數表 57
表4-8 CP計分總正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析之模式摘要統計結果 58
表4-9 CP計分總正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析係數表 58
表4-10 EP計分簡單題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析之模式摘要表 59
表4-11 EP計分簡單題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析係數表 59
表4-12 EP計分複雜題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析之模式摘要表 60
表4-13 EP計分複雜題項正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析係數表 61
表4-14 EP計分總正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析之模式摘要統計結果 62
表4-15 EP計分總正確率在逐步多元迴歸分析係數表 62

圖目錄

圖3-1 研究架構圖 33
圖4-1 CP計分下語音異常組和一般發展組在不同複雜程度題項的正確率 44
圖4-2 EP計分下語音異常組和一般發展組在不同複雜程度題項的正確率 44
圖4-3 CP計分下語音異常組和一般發展組在不同音節長度題項的正確率 46
圖4-4 EP計分下語音異常組和一般發展組在不同音節長度題項的正確率 47
圖4-5 CP計分下語音異常組和一般發展組在不同音節位置的正確率 49
圖4-6 EP計分下語音異常組和一般發展組在不同音節位置的正確率 49



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