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研究生:曾奕瑄
研究生(外文):I-Hsuan Tseng
論文名稱:台灣東部蘭嶼海域紅斑鰭飛魚(Cheilopogon atrisignis)的成長繁殖與管理意涵
論文名稱(外文):Growth, Reproduction and Management Implication of Cheilopogon atrisignis in the Orchid Island off Eastern Taiwan
指導教授:張水鍇張水鍇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shui-Kai Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋事務研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:66
中文關鍵詞:蘭嶼耳石紅斑鰭飛魚人工養殖組織切片
外文關鍵詞:otolithhistologic section of gonadscultivationthe Orchid islandCheilopogon atrisignis
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飛魚為台灣東部海域常見的魚種之一,同時具有生態、漁業以及文化等三個層面的意涵,除了是高經濟價值洄游魚種的食餌與許多重要家計型沿岸漁業的目標魚種外,也是蘭嶼飛魚文化的精髓。本研究的目標魚種:紅斑鰭飛魚(Cheilopogon atrisignis)屬大型飛魚,除了為台灣周圍海域的六大飛魚優勢種之一,更是蘭嶼當地主要的飛魚漁獲,過去調查研究發現僅能在蘭嶼海域與綠島以南海域被捕獲,因此紅斑鰭飛魚對蘭嶼具有獨特性。然而以漁業生物學研究作為漁業資源管理的科學依據,針對紅斑鰭飛魚此類重要魚種的漁業生物學在國內卻少有相關研究。本研究利用耳石的細微構造、性腺外觀及組織切片進行年齡成長推估與生殖型態研究,以供作為修正現行漁業政策或制定未來漁業政策的科學參考依據。本研究採集之紅斑鰭飛魚雄魚平均尾叉長為27.35 ± 0.85 公分,雌魚平均尾叉長為28.98 ± 0.82 公分。由耳石細微構造經驗證為日週輪。由於台灣僅能採樣到成魚,因此利用同屬白鰭飛魚野生幼魚樣本來補充無法在野外取得之紅斑鰭飛魚,所推測之范式成長方程式為L_t=35.21× (1-e^(-2.41(t-0) ) );由生殖研究結果可推測紅斑鰭飛魚屬批次產卵型(Batch spawner)魚種,在蘭嶼飛魚季時的紅斑鰭飛魚皆具產卵能力,或為已排卵的狀態,藉由日輪回推與組織切片結果可推測此魚種具夏冬兩產卵季,且夏季產卵場為蘭嶼周圍海域;由人工試養結果可推測此魚種出生11天後即具備三對耳石,但人工養殖之樣本成長速度較野生樣本緩慢,不可取代野生樣本作成長推估使用。
Flying fish is one of the most common species off eastern Taiwan, and it represents three different aspects of meanings, which are ecology, fishery and culture. It is not only the food of high valued fish and target specie of artisanal fishery but also the core for the culture of the Orchid Island. The target specie of this research is Cheilopogon atrisignis, which can only be caught around the Orchid Island in Taiwan in the past research. Because of the uniqueness of C. atrisignis, it is worth researching by fishery biology. We use the increment of the othliths and the histologic section of gonads for the growth and reproduction research, and the result could be the scientific reference for fishery policy. The average fork length of male samples is 27.35 ± 0.85 cm;The average fork length of female samples is 28.98 ± 0.82 cm. For the growth research, it has daily increment and the VBGF is L_t=35.21× (1-e^(-2.41(t-0) ) ). For the reproduction research, it belongs to batch spawner, and is spawning capable around the Orchid Island from April to July. For cultivation, we found out that it has three pairs of othliths on eleven days old. However, the growth rate of cultured samples is much lower than wild samples, so the result of cultured cannot replace the result of wild samples.
論文審定書 i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章、前言 1
1.1 漁業生物學對資源管理的重要性 1
1.2 飛魚對蘭嶼的重要性 2
1.3 飛魚漁業生物學 3
1.4 研究動機與目的 5
第二章、材料方法 7
2.1 樣本來源 7
2.1.1 野外採集之樣本 7
2.1.2 人工養殖之樣本 7
2.1.3同屬白鰭飛魚野生幼魚樣本 9
2.2 年齡成長 9
2.2.1 基本形質資料測定 9
2.2.2 耳石玻片製備 10
2.2.3 耳石判讀及選定 11
2.2.4 成長解析 12
2.2.5 利用輪數回推產卵日 12
2.3 生殖生物學 12
2.3.1 生殖腺指數及肥滿度係數 13
2.3.2 批次產卵數估計 13
2.3.3 卵徑測量與卵徑頻度 14
2.3.4組織切片 14
2.4 使用軟體 16
第三章、結果 17
3.1 人工養殖 17
3.1.1 孵化天數 17
3.1.2 耳石出現時間 17
3.2 年齡成長 17
3.2.1 體長頻度圖 18
3.2.2 尾叉長及全重關係 18
3.2.3耳石構造之探討與最適耳石選定 18
3.2.4 礫石及星狀石輪差驗證 19
3.2.5 成長解析 19
3.2.6 輪數回推產卵日 21
3.3 生殖生物學 21
3.3.1 生殖腺指數及肥滿度係數 21
3.3.2 卵徑頻度分佈 22
3.3.3 組織切片 23
第四章、討論 26
4.1 耳石差異 26
4.2 成長推估 26
4.3 日齡驗証方式 28
4.4 產卵季節分析 29
4.5 管理意涵及政策建議 30
參考資料 33
英文部分 33
中文部分 37
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