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研究生:陳人玉
研究生(外文):Jen-yu Chen
論文名稱:龜山島海域浮游有孔蟲種屬分佈、殼體重量及面積密度
論文名稱(外文):Planktonic Foraminiferal Distribution, Weight and Area Density around Kueishantao Island
指導教授:林慧玲林慧玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hui-Ling Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋科學系研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:浮游有孔蟲分布有孔蟲重量面積密度龜山島南海北部
外文關鍵詞:foraminiferal distributionplanktonic foraminiferaKueishantao Islandforaminiferal area deansityforaminiferal weight
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本研究於2014年4月以及2016年4月在龜山島鄰近海域施放浮游生物拖網觀察龜山島附近海域浮游有孔蟲族群的變化。與南海浮游有孔蟲相比,龜山島鄰近海域的有孔蟲族群中Globigerina bulloides數量明顯較多,推測為受到宜蘭灣季節性湧升流的影響。而在2014年所收集到的暖水種浮游性有孔蟲比例較低,可能是因為2014年採樣時表水溫度較低,導致有孔蟲族群生長環境和2016年的生長環境不同。統計分析結果支持有孔蟲種屬G. bulloides的分布因素受到混合層厚度及海水基礎生產力影響,混合層越厚、海水基礎生產力越高,則環境越有利於G. bulloides生長。而相較於南海北部,龜山島鄰近海域的有孔蟲重量及面積密度較小,由於龜山島鄰近海域的海水pH值比起南海北部海水pH值明顯偏低,因此有孔蟲重量級面積密度較小可能是受到該海域酸化海水的影響所致。
The distribution, shell weight as well as area density of planktonic foraminifera around Kueishantao Island is investigated. The species compositions around Kueishantao Island are dominated by Globigerinoides sacculifer, Globigerina bulloides and Hastigerina pelagica. The presence of G. bulloides is probably due to the seasonal upwelling and high primary productivity, which is endorsed by the CCA statistic analysis. The percentages of warm-water preferred foraminiferal species collected in 2016 are more than those collected in 2014, which may be due to the warmer surface water in 2016. The pH value of seawater around Kueishantao Island is lower than that in the South China Sea, which may contribute to the lighter weight and smaller area density of foraminifera around Kueishantao Island.
國立中山大學研究生學位論文審定書 i
致謝 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 ix
壹、緒論 1
1-1研究背景 1
1-2臺灣鄰近海域浮游有孔蟲群聚 5
1-3研究地區 7
1-4研究目的 8
貳、研究材料與方法 9
2-1浮游生物拖網 14
2-2海水樣本 17
參、龜山島鄰近海域有孔蟲族群分布 19
3-1龜山島周邊浮游有孔蟲族群 19
3-2龜山島鄰近海域浮游有孔蟲不同年份的變化 30
3-3影響龜山島海域和南海北部有孔蟲族群生長的因素 41
肆、龜山島鄰近海域有孔蟲重量及面積密度 49
4-1秤重實驗 49
4-2龜山島海域與西南海域有孔蟲重量和面積密度的比較 53
伍、結論 63
陸、參考資料 64
中文部分 64
英文部分 64
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