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研究生:陳彤榕
研究生(外文):Chen, Tong-Rong
論文名稱:不同傳播媒介進行正向心理學「人際感恩 介入方案」對大學生幸福感、社會連結 及憂鬱之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of Positive-psychology-based gratitude Intervention via different media on college students' well-being, social connectedness, and depression
指導教授:游森期游森期引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu, Sen-Chi
口試委員:李仁豪魏麗敏
口試委員(外文):Li, Jen-HaoWEI, LI-MIN
口試日期:2017-06-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:諮商與應用心理學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:不同傳播媒介正向心理介入幸福感憂鬱社會連結主動建構式回饋
外文關鍵詞:different mediapositive psychology interventionwell-beingsocial connectednessdepressionactive constructive responding
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不同傳播媒介進行正向心理學「人際感恩介入方案」對大學生幸福感、社會連結及憂鬱之影響
摘要
本研究旨在探討人際感恩介入方案對大學生幸福感、社會連結與憂鬱的影響及使用不同介入媒介是否有相同的實驗效果。本研究採準實驗設計之不相等控制組設計,以台灣地區的大學生為研究對象,採取便利取樣共獲得147名受試者,將其隨機分派至實驗組A(面對面組)、實驗組B(視訊組)、實驗組C(打字組)及無處理控制組中,實驗組的受試者為期3周的實驗介入。
本研究以介入方案為自變項,依變項為受試者在「個人幸福感量表」、「社會連結量表」及「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」的得分,在實驗介入前、實驗介入後及介入後三周進行量表施測,並以前測得分為共變數,進行單因子共變數分析。研究結果如下:
一、實驗組A(面對面組)在接受處理後,在「個人幸福感量表」、「社會連結量表」及「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」的後測、延後測得分皆顯著高於控制組。
二、實驗組B(視訊組)在接受處理後,在「個人幸福感量表」、「社會連結量表」及「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」的後測、延後測得分皆顯著高於控制組。
三、實驗組C(打字組)在接受處理後,在「個人幸福感量表」及「社會連結量表」的後測、延後測得分皆顯著高於控制組,於「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」的後測得分顯著高於控制組,延後測得分未與控制組有顯著差異。
四、實驗組(A、B、C組)分別使用不同傳播媒介執行人際感恩介入方案彼此間對於大學生個人幸福感、社會連結度及憂鬱程度並無顯著差異。
最後,研究者根據研究結果與討論,提出若干建議,以做為教育單位及未來研究之參考
關鍵字:不同傳播媒介、正向心理介入、幸福感、憂鬱、社會連結、
主動建構式回饋

The effect of Positive-psychology-based gratitude Intervention
via different media on college students' well-being,
social connectedness, and depression
Abstract
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of「Interpersonal gratitude Intervention Programs」via three different media on college Student's well-being, social connectedness and depression. This study used a nonequivalent quasi-experimental design and recruited 147 Taiwan college students based on convenience sample. The participants were divided randomly into the experiment group A (the face to face group), the experiment group B (the Video group), the experiment group C(the text group) and a control group. Participants in the experimental groups received three-week positive Interpersonal gratitude intervention programs.
The dependent variables were the scores of “The Personal Wellbeing Index(PWI)”, “The Social Connectedness Scale(SCS)”, and “Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale(CES-D)”. We used one-way analysis of covariance to analyze the data. The results were as following:

1.The experiment group A (the face to face group) students reported significantly higher scores in the post-test and the follow- up test of the PWI, SCS, and CES-D than the control group students.
2. The experiment group B (the Video group) students reported significantly higher scores in the post-test and the follow- up test of the PWI, SCS, and CES-D than the control group students.
3. The experiment group C (the text group) students reported significantly higher scores in the post-test and the follow- up test of the PWI and SCS than the control group students. No significantly differences were found on CES-D scores in the follow-up test.
4. Did not significantly different between the experimental group (group A, group B and group C) in using different media on 「Interpersonal gratitude Intervention Programs」for College Student's well-being, social connectedness and depression.

Based on the results and discussion of this study, suggestions were provided for
educational institutions and future study.

Key word: different media, positive psychology intervention, well-being, social connectedness, depression, active constructive responding

目錄
中文摘要 …………................................................………..................................... I
英文摘要…………................................................………...................................... II
目錄…………................................................………................................................III
表次…………................................................………..................................................V
圖次…………..................................................……..........…...................................VII
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………….......................…..1
第一節 研究動機…………..……………………………………….…….….…1
第二節 研究目的………………..……………………………………….…..…6
第三節 名詞釋義.................................................................................................6
第二章 文獻探討 ……………………………………………......................…......9
第一節 正向心理學之理論內涵及相關研究.....................................................9
第二節 感恩的概念及相關研究.......................................................................23
第三節 社會連結的定義與內涵.......................................................................28
第四節 網路科技與正向介入的相關研究.......................................................34
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………..…..............43
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………………...........43
第二節 「人際感恩」介入方案…………………………………...................47
第三節 研究問題...............................................................................................49
第四節 研究假設…………………………………………………....…...........49
第五節 研究對象……………………………………………………..…..…...51
第六節 研究工具……………………………………………………..….…....52
第七節 實驗實施程序………………………………………………..….…....54
第八節 資料處理與分析……………………………………………..….…....56

第四章 研究結果與討論………………………………………………..….........59
第一節 人際感恩介入方案對大學生個人幸福感之影響...............................59
第二節 人際感恩介入方案對大學生社會連結之影響...................................65
第三節 人際感恩介入方案對大學生憂鬱之影響...........................................71
第四節 綜合討論...............................................................................................77
第五章 研究結論與建議…………………………………....................…….......87
第一節 研究結論...............................................................................................87
第二節 研究建議...............................................................................................88
參考文獻..................................................................................................................93
中文部分.............................................................................................................93
英文部分.............................................................................................................97
附錄.............................................................................................................111
附錄一人際感恩介入方案研究受試者同意書................................111
附錄二人際感恩介入方案參與說明書............................................112
附錄三人際感恩介入方案作業案例明............................................116

表次
表 3-1 實驗設計表.....................................................................................................46
表 4-1-1 「個人幸福感量表」各階段得分之敘述統計分析表.................................60
表 4-1-2 「個人幸福感量表」後測迴歸係數同質性檢定摘要表...........................61
表 4-1-3 「個人幸福感量表」後測得分之共變數分析定摘要表...........................62
表 4-1-4 事後比較表:以個人幸福感量表後測得分為依變項................................62
表 4-1-5 「個人幸福感量表」延後測迴歸係數同質性檢定摘要表........................63
表 4-1-6 「個人幸福感量表」延後測得分之共變數分析檢定摘要表.....................64
表 4-1-7 事後比較表:以個人幸福感量表延後測得分為依變項............................64
表 4-2-1 「社會連結量表」各階段得分之敘述統計分析表.....................................65
表 4-2-2 「社會連結量表」後測迴歸係數同質性檢定摘要表.................................67
表 4-2-3 「社會連結量表」後測得分之共變數分析定摘要表.................................68
表 4-2-4 事後比較表:以社會連結量表後測得分為依變項....................................68
表 4-2-5 「社會連結量表」延後測迴歸係數同質性檢定摘要表............................69
表 4-2-6 「社會連結量表」延後測得分之共變數分析檢定摘要表.........................70
表 4-2-7 事後比較表:以社會連結量表延後測得分為依變項................................70
表 4-3-1 「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」各階段得分之敘述統計分析表....71
表 4-2-2「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」後測迴歸係數同質性檢定摘要表..73
表 4-3-3「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」後測得分之共變數分析定摘要表..74
表 4-3-4 事後比較表:以流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版後測得分為依變項...74
表 4-3-5「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表」延後測迴歸係數同質性檢定摘要表.....75
表 4-3-6「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表」延後測得分之共變數分析檢定摘要表...76
表 4-3-7 事後比較表:以流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表延後測得分為依變項........76
表 4-4-1 人際感恩介入方案之實驗組實驗處理結果.............................................77
表 4-4-2 事後比較表:以個人幸福感量表得分為依變項........................................86
表 4-4-3 事後比較表:以社會連結量表得分為依變項............................................86
表 4-4-4 事後比較表: 「流行病學研究中心憂鬱量表-短版」得分為依變項.........86


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貳、英文部分

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