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研究生:許雅玲
研究生(外文):Hsu, Ya-Ling
論文名稱:中間排行成年個體生涯調適之敘事研究
論文名稱(外文):Narrative Research of Career Adaptability among Adults Who Are Middle Children
指導教授:朱惠瓊朱惠瓊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu, Hui-Chiung
口試委員:何秀珠簡宏江
口試委員(外文):Ho, Hsiu-ChuChien, Hung-Chiang
口試日期:2017-07-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:教育心理與諮商學系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:158
中文關鍵詞:中間排行生涯調適敘事研究
外文關鍵詞:middle childrencareer adaptabilitynarrative research
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本研究旨在理解中間排行成年個體生涯調適歷程、原生家庭對中間排行成年個體之生涯調適歷程影響情形,以及中間排行成年個體受原生家庭塑造之性格對其生涯調適之影響。本研究採用質性研究方法,以立意取樣的方式邀請四位年齡介於25至44歲之間、工作資歷5年以上,並且出生在三子家庭、有年幼手足及同性別年長手足之中間排行成年個體,採生命故事敘說與半結構深度訪談方式蒐集資料,資料分析方法以「整體-內容」方式為主、「類別-內容」方式為輔。
  研究者綜合整理,分析四位研究參與者生命故事之主要情節,首先發現中間排行成年個體之生涯調適歷程具有以下幾點特色:ㄧ、童年階段:缺乏關注的自卑感、物質的匱乏感;二、青少年階段:尋求自由與獨立、君子之交的社交表現;三、成年階段:重視工作價值勝於物質報酬、尋求被認可與被需要、崇尚安穩生活但容許輕微的冒險。
  第二,中間排行成年個體生涯調適歷程來自原生家庭的影響包括:一、家庭正負向教養經驗影響其生涯信心之穩定度;二、手足關係的正負向經驗影響生涯競合之態度;三、家庭關係的維繫方式協助適應職場人際,大多扮演配合及溝通的角色。
  第三,原生家庭塑造之性格對中間排行成年個體生涯調適之影響包括:一、渴望被重視與認同而努力展現自我;二、自我期許的高度要求營造積極的生涯樣貌;三、謹慎的人際態度在職場上獲得信賴。
  研究結果顯示,中間排行成年個體之生涯信心度與控制感較為不足,但生涯合作性高,若能善用自身特色,適性發展,將可擁有更高品質的生涯調適情形。最後,依據研究過程與結果的討論,說明本研究的範圍與建議事項。
This research aimed to explore the process of career adaptability among adults who are middle children, how the original families affected the career adaptability of middle-born-adults, and how the characters shaped by their original families. This research was constituted by qualitative research and purposive sampling. The four samples was recruited from age 25 to 44 middle-born-adults who have more than 5-year working experiences, living in three-children families, and both have a younger siblings and a same-gender older sibling at the same time. This study was conducted by collecting life stories through narrative inquiry and semi-structured depth interviews. The data was analyzed based on “holistic-content” and supplemented by ”categorical-content” approach.
After analyzing the major plots of their life stories, research shows that there are three main characters among these middle-born-adults in their career adaptability process: 1. Childhood: Lack-of-concern inferiority complex, the sense of material-deficiency. 2. Adolescence: Seeking for freedom and independence, keeping a gentlemen’s relationship social performance. 3. Adulthood: Focusing on the working value more than material feedbacks, longing for being recognized and needed, advocating stable lives and enjoy slight adventures.
Additionally, the influences from the original families to the career adaptability of these participants are as follows: 1. Positive or negative parenting experiences affected the stability of career-confidence. 2. Positive or negative experiences of sibling-relationships influence the attitude towards career cooperation and competitions. 3. The connecting ways of the families helped them to adapt interpersonal relationships in working places, which usually being the roles of cooperation and communication.
Furthermore, the characters shaped by the original families which affected the career adaptability of the participants included: 1. Eager to be valued and recognized, thriving to show themselves. 2. Highly self-disciplined and create positive career appearances. 3. Cautious interpersonal attitudes in order to be trustworthy.
According to the research results, adults who are middle children have less career confidence and the sense of career-controlling, but have higher career cooperation. If they can make good uses of their advantages, they can get better quality of career adaptability. Based on the research process and results, the limitations of this study and suggestions would be listed in the end.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機..................................1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題..............................4
第三節 名詞釋義.......................................4
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 出生序理論與相關研究............................7
第二節 中間排行個體定義與相關研究......................14
第三節 生涯調適理論與相關研究..........................18
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究取向與分析方法.............................25
第二節 研究參與人員...................................27
第三節 研究工具.......................................30
第四節 研究實施程序...................................31
第五節 資料蒐集與分析.................................35
第六節 研究品質檢核...................................39
第七節 研究倫理.......................................40
第四章 研究結果
第一節 青禾的故事.....................................43
第二節 碧涵的故事.....................................62
第三節 橙萱的故事.....................................82
第四節 紫琦的故事....................................104
第五章 研究發現與綜合討論
第一節 中間排行成年個體的生涯調適歷程..................123
第二節 中間排行成年個體之生涯調適歷程來自原生家庭的影響..129
第三節 原生家庭塑造之性格影響中間排行成年個體之生涯調適..132
第六章 研究結論與建議
第一節 研究結論.......................................137
第二節 研究者的省思...................................140
第三節 研究範圍與建議.................................141

參考文獻................................................144
附錄
附錄一 研究邀請函.....................................151
附錄二 參與研究同意書..................................152
附錄三 前導研究訪談大綱................................153
附錄四 正式研究訪談大綱................................154
附錄五 訪談扎記.......................................155
附錄六 研究參與檢核函..................................156
附錄七 逐字稿謄寫保密同意書.............................157
附錄八 前導研究分析結果.................................158
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