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研究生:陳健聰
研究生(外文):Chen, Jiancong
論文名稱:基於全卷積網路的指紋缺陷區域偵測
論文名稱(外文):Defective Region Detection in Fingerprint Images with Fully Convolutional Network
指導教授:賴尚宏
指導教授(外文):Lai, Shang-Hong
口試委員:邱瀞德許秋婷陳煥宗
口試委員(外文):Chiu, Ching-TeHsu, Chiu-TingChen, Hwann-Tzong
口試日期:2017-07-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:區域偵測全卷積網路語義分割指紋識別指紋合成
外文關鍵詞:Region DetectionFully Convolutional NetworkSemantic SegmentationFingerprint RecognitionFingerprint synthesis
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指紋作為最常用的生物特徵之一,被廣泛應用在各個領域上。指紋識別也已經被研究了幾十年,然而即使是最先進的識別方法的表現,也會因為指紋質量受到很大的影響。如果能找出這些低質量有缺陷的區域,我們可以針對這些區域做處理,來提高識別率。
在本篇論文中,我們提出了一個基於全卷積網路的指紋缺陷區塊偵測系統。該系統能夠在指紋圖像中偵測出背景以及過乾和過濕的地方,并給出像素級別的分割。這個系統主要是利用深度神經網路在分類問題上有效的特徵學習能力和極高的準確率,結合全卷積網路能做像素級別分割的特點,來實現對指紋缺陷區域的偵測。為了解決缺少用於給全卷積網路訓練的分割資料問題,我們提出了一種指紋合成的方法,能生成帶有缺陷區域的指紋圖像,并能同時得到這些缺陷區域在哪些像素上。此外我們還將我們的網路在指紋區塊上作為一個分類器來做預訓練,學習不同類別指紋的特征,來在分割問題上獲得更好的表現。在我們的實驗中,結果證明該系統能與現有的指紋識別方法結合,提升識別率。
Fingerprint, one of the most popular and acceptable biometric features, is widely used in all kinds of fields. Fingerprint recognition technology has been researched for decades. However, even the state-of-the-art recognition approach, its performance depends greatly on the fingerprint quality. If we can detect the defective or low-quality regions in fingerprint images, we can repair them or downgrade these regions to improve the recognition performance.
In this thesis, we propose a system for defective region detection from fingerprint images based on fully convolutional network (FCN). This system can detect defective regions which are too dry, too wet, or belongs to the background, in the pixel-wise level. The proposed region detection algorithm takes advantage of the high classification accuracy and great learning power of the deep neural network. Combined with the feature of FCN for pixel-wise prediction, we can accomplish the task of defective region detection. With pre-training on fingerprint patches and the defective fingerprint synthesis approach, we develop a FCN model with satisfactory performance on the fingerprint segmentation task. At last, our experiments show that the proposed FCN fingerprint segmentation model can be used to improve the fingerprint recognition accuracy by integrating it with the existing fingerprint recognition system.
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Problem Description 3
1.3 Main Contribution 4
1.4 Thesis Organization 6
Chapter 2. Related Works 7
2.1 Fingerprint Quality Assessment 7
2.2 Deep Network and Object Detection 8
2.3 Inspiration from Previous Works 9
Chapter 3. Proposed Method 10
3.1 Data Preparation 10
3.1.1 Generate Fingerprint Data for CNN Classifier 11
3.1.2 Generate Fingerprint Data for FCN 14
3.2 Training CNN Classifier 17
3.2.1 FPNet Architecture 17
3.2.2 Training Details 19
3.3 Training FCN for Segmentation 20
3.3.1 From FPNet to Dense FCN 20
3.3.2 Training Details 21
Chapter 4. Experimental Results 23
4.1 Data Preparation 23
4.2 Defective Region Detection 24
4.2.1 Prediction on Synthetic Data 24
4.2.2 Prediction on Real Data 26
4.3 FCN8s vs. FCN32s 26
4.4 Experiments with Fingerprint Recognition 28
4.4.1 Review 28
4.4.2 Experiment Setting 29
4.4.3 Minutiae Based Recognition Algorithm 30
4.4.4 Improvement Strategy 31
4.4.5 Results and Discussion 37
Chapter 5. Conclusions 39
Reference 40
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[23] Cappelli, Raffaele, Dario Maio, and Davide Maltoni. "An improved noise model for the generation of synthetic fingerprints." Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision Conference, 2004.
[24] Simonyan, Karen, and Andrew Zisserman. "Very deep convolutional networks for large-scale image recognition." arXiv preprint arXiv:1409.1556, 2014.
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