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研究生:黃文俞
研究生(外文):Huang, Wen-Yu
論文名稱:整合文本多層次表達與嵌入演講屬性之表徵學習於強健候用校長演講自動化評分系統
論文名稱(外文):Enhancement of Automatic Assessment System for Pre-service Principals’ Oral Presentation using Speech Attribute-enriched Multi-level Feature
指導教授:李祈均李祈均引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lee, Chi-Chun
口試委員:曹昱陳宜欣陳縕儂
口試委員(外文):Tsao, YuChen, Yi-ShinChen, Yun-Nung
口試日期:2017-07-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:行為訊號處理教育研究口頭演講自然語言處理演講屬性主題模型
外文關鍵詞:behavior signal processingeducational researchoral presentationnatural language processingself-defined attribute tagtopic model
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為了達到大規模專業評量施測的目的,結合領域知識的工程運算框架需求與日俱增,其中,自動化口語評量系統對於教育領域是極其重要的研究方向。本論文的基礎即是針對國民中小學校長儲訓計畫,與國家教育研究院人員共同合作開發之口頭即席演講自動化評分系統,而此研究旨在透過擴增與精進文字模態資訊以達成強化音視訊多模態系統成效之目的。為此,實驗中整合分布式表示法與人工標記類別形成「多層次概念」文字特徵,得以有效表達演講逐字稿之資訊。進而,我們提出「演講屬性標註」概念欲增進文字模態成果,並以從機器學習的標籤和特徵,兩種面向探討其可行性與有效性;實驗一將標註當作文章額外標籤,應用多標籤學習架構為文字模態加入演講屬性資訊,實驗二以屬性標註作為基礎延伸成為嵌入「演講屬性」的文章特徵表示法,期盼兩種方法可以整合標註資訊以增強文字特徵效果。由實驗結果得知,「多層次文字特徵」將文字模態的建模效果由0.378提升至最高0.493的斯皮爾曼相關係數,而嵌入「演講屬性」資訊後可達到0.574,最後於多模態平分系統加入文字可由0.469上升到0.621。因此,本論文研究中,應用「多層次概念」結合不同時間粒度和語詞多面向資訊來形成文字特徵,並提出可計算「演講屬性標註」資訊的運算架構,用以強化候用校長演講自動化評分系統的建置效果。
Among increasing needs of domain-aware computational models that can perform large-scale assessment like domain experts, the development of automatic oral presentation assessment system is important for education researchers. In this work, we extend the previous audiovisual framework on pre-service school principals’ 3-minute long impromptu speech using lexical information as additional modality. We aim at exploring effective feature set for text and enhancing the performance of lexical modality by manual tagging information. First, we utilize multi-level feature extraction approach, which consists of distributed representations and word categories, to derive features from the transcripts in the 2014 National Academy for Educational Research (NAER) oral presentation database, and improve the result of lexical modality from Spearman correlation of 0.378 to 0.493. Furthermore, inspired by folksonomy, we propose to enhance lexical feature by using a self-defined attribute tags of speech transcripts. Therefore, we carry out two different experiments: Exp I) considering the tags as other labels and employing multi-label learning, and Exp II) feature inspired by tags and topic modeling. After incorporating the two methods, the improved system obtains Spearman correlation of 0.574. Our experiment demonstrates the concept of self-defined attribute tags has capability to enrich lexical modality and improve system.
目錄
授權書 ii
論文指導教授推薦函 iii
學位考試委員會審定書 iv
誌謝 v
中文摘要 vi
Abstract vii
目錄 viii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機 2
1.3 論文架構 3
第二章 資料庫 5
2.1 候用校長即席演講語料庫 5
2.2 正規化評分與演講屬性標註 6
2.2.1 排序標籤正規化 6
2.2.2 演講屬性標註 8
第三章 研究方法 9
3.1 經典向量空間模型 9
3.2 分布式表示法 10
3.2.1 詞向量 11
3.2.2 文章向量 14
3.3 多標籤學習 15
3.3.1 聯合特徵學習 17
3.3.2 格拉姆矩陣組合 17
3.4 主題模型 18
3.4.1 隱含狄利克雷分布 18
3.4.2 潛在主題向量化 20
第四章 實驗設計、結果與分析 21
4.1 前置實驗:多層次文章特徵 21
4.1.1 實驗概念與設計 21
4.1.2 結果與討論 22
4.2 實驗壹:標籤式演講屬性標註資訊 25
4.2.1 實驗概念與設計 25
4.2.2 結果與討論 26
4.3 實驗貳:特徵式演講屬性標註資訊 31
4.3.1 實驗概念與設計 31
4.3.2 結果與探討 32
4.4  綜合式屬性標註資訊之結果 34
第五章 結論 35
參考文獻 37
附錄 45
參考文獻
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