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研究生:陳亮仁
研究生(外文):Chen, Liang-Ren
論文名稱:探討視覺表徵形式、空間能力、認知風格和先前知識對國小五年級學生科學學習的影響
論文名稱(外文):The impact of visualization forms, spatial ability, cognitive style, and prior knowledge on fifth grade students’ science learning
指導教授:王姿陵王姿陵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Tzu-Ling
口試委員:邱富源盧玉玲
口試委員(外文):Chiu, Fu-YuanLu, Yu-Ling
口試日期:2017-7-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:數理教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:燃燒與滅火靜態視覺表徵動態視覺表徵空間能力認知風格先前知識
外文關鍵詞:combustion and firefightingstatic visualizationdynamic visualizationspatial abilitycognitive styleprior knowledge
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中文摘要
本研究的目的在探討視覺表徵形式(靜態、動態)對國小五年級學生科學學習成就的影響,並進一步探討上述效應對不同空間能力、認知風格及先前知識對學生科學學習成就的影響。
本研究採準實驗研究設計,參與的樣本來自一所公立國小五年級四個班級的學生,共103人。分別隨機選派兩班至實驗組S(靜態視覺表徵融入教學)、實驗組D(動態視覺表徵融入教學)。研究工具包含:燃燒與滅火成就測驗、空間關係測驗以及認知風格量表。資料分析方法包含:獨立樣本單因子共變數分析(one-way ANCOVA)以及獨立樣本t檢定(independent-sample t test)。
本研究的重要發現如下:
一、在「燃燒與滅火」單元中,動態視覺表徵融入教學對於學生科學學習成就的影響
顯著優於靜態表徵融入教學。
二、使用靜動態視覺表徵對高空間能力學生的科學學習成就顯著優於低空間能力學生。
三、靜態視覺表徵與動態視覺表徵融入教學對不同認知風格的學生,在科學學習成就
上沒有顯著差異。
四、使用靜態視覺表徵對高先前知識學生的科學學習成就顯著優於低先前知識學生。

關鍵詞:燃燒與滅火、靜態視覺表徵、動態視覺表徵、空間能力、認知風格、先前知識
Abstract
The purposes of this study are to explore the effects of static and dynamic visualizations on fifth grade students’ science achievement related to “Combustion and Firefighting”, but also to explore how students’ spatial ability, cognitive style, and prior knowledge moderate the effects.
In this study, quasi-experimental research design was adopted. Samples included 103 students taken from four fifth-grade classes in a public elementary school in Hsinchu County. Two classes were assigned to experimental group S – statistic visualization group, and the other two were assigned to experimental group D – dynamic visualization group. Data were collected from three data sources: (a) science achievement test, (b) PMA Spatial Relations Test, (c) The Style of Processing Scale. Data were analyzed using one-way ANCOVA, and independent samples t-test.
The results of this study are as follows:
1. In the unit “Combustion and Firefighting”, students in the dynamic visualization context tended to exhibit better science achievement compared to them in the static visualization context.
2. In the static visualization condition, high spatial ability students tended to exhibit better science achievement compared to low spatial ability students.
3. The effects of the students’ cognitive style on science achievement were not significantly different using the various visualizations.
4. In the static visualization condition, high prior knowledge students tended to exhibit better science achievement compared to low prior knowledge students.

Keywords: combustion and firefighting, static visualization, dynamic visualization, spatial ability, cognitive style, prior knowledge.
目 次
第一章 緒論....1
第一節 研究動機....1
第二節 研究目的與問題....3
第三節 名詞釋義....4
第四節 研究範圍與限制....5
第二章 文獻探討....6
第一節 靜態和動態視覺表徵融入教學的實徵研究....6
第二節 多媒體學習環境下空間能力和學習成就的相關研究....10
第三節 多媒體學習環境下認知風格和學習成就的相關研究....14
第四節 多媒體學習環境下先前知識和學習成就的相關研究....16
第三章 研究方法與設計....19
第一節 研究架構....19
第二節 研究流程....21
第三節 研究設計....23
第四節 研究樣本....25
第五節 研究工具....24
第六節 教學教材內容....30
第七節 資料收集與分析....33
第四章 研究結果與討論....34
第一節 靜態、動態視覺表徵對學生在「燃燒與滅火」學習成就影響之差異....34
第二節 靜態、動態視覺表徵對不同空間能力的學生在「燃燒與滅火」單元學習成就的影響 ....36
第三節 靜態、動態視覺表徵對不同認知風格的學生在「燃燒與滅火」學習成就的影響 ....37
第四節 靜態、動態視覺表徵對不同先前知識的學生在「燃燒與滅火」學習成就的影響 ....38
第五章 結論與建議....40
第一節 研究架構....41
第二節 研究流程....42
參考文獻..........43
一、中文部分....43
二、英文部分....45
附 錄...........49
附錄一 燃燒與滅火成就測驗....49
附錄二 空間關係測驗....51
附錄三 認知風格量表....59
附錄四 教案設計....61
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張力夫 (2011)。探討利用「動態表徵」與「靜態表徵」教學對概念學習成效影響之研究-以「波的重疊原理」單元為例。國立交通大學未出版碩士論文,新竹市。
許秋瑾 (2003)。學習風格與教材呈現對國小學童學習溶液酸鹼性之研究。國立臺南大學資訊教育研究所未出版碩士論文,臺南市。
曾冠雲 (2011)。發展以動畫為主的月相盈虧課程並探討學生的空間能力對學習成效與認知負荷的影響。國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所未出版碩士論文,臺北市。
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