跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.211.31.134) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/07/21 05:25
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:蕭宇軒
研究生(外文):Hsiao, Yu-Hsuan
論文名稱:翻不翻牆:赴中交換臺生的網路使用策略
論文名稱(外文):In and Out of the Great Firewall of China: Taiwanese Exchange Students’ Practices of Internet Usage
指導教授:王淑美王淑美引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Su-Mei
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:大眾傳播研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:一般大眾傳播學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:112
中文關鍵詞:交換學生網路使用中國防火牆日常生活媒體實踐策略網絡資本
外文關鍵詞:exchange studentsinternet usagethe great firewall of chinaeveryday lifemedia practicetacticsnetwork capital
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:888
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:100
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究專注於前往中國的臺灣交換學生,探討其在交換期間的網路實踐以及其意義。赴中交換臺生為其面對中國政府明顯的網路管制,使其無法順暢地使用既往所慣用的網路管道,同時必須適應專屬於中國境內的網路環境。因此,本研究探討臺灣交換學生採取哪些方式來回應這樣的網路狀況,以及這些回應的意涵。本研究採取媒體實踐取徑,透過田野觀察法,搭配收集線上資料和深度訪談,描繪臺灣學生交換期間,外出旅行和校園生活的動態網路實踐過程。

研究發現主要為三個部分,第一為網絡資本(network capital)和經濟資本(economic capital)影響臺灣交換學生找尋好用和穩定翻牆軟體的過程,但臺灣交換學生也會採取策略(tacits),試圖找到穩定翻牆的時機,使用既有被限制的網路管道。第二則為翻牆的原因、意義和產生的效果。臺灣交換學生基於自身的慣習、文化資本、為聯繫既有人際網絡以及分享旅行喜悅而翻牆,同時,翻牆結合線下空間,讓臺灣交換學生像是生活在臺灣。第三部分則是關於交換學生使用中國境內的網路管道之經驗與原因。

最後,中國的網路管制作為網路實踐的實驗機會。網路沒有受到限制時,使用者不易察覺其意義,當臺灣交換學生無法順暢地實踐既有的網路使用習慣,反而顯示日常生活網路實踐常被忽略—「當下」的價值。臺灣交換學生想盡辦法突破網路管制所進行的實踐,凸顯網路的價值在於能突破所有時間與空間障礙,滿足「當下」所渴望的溝通或資訊需求。
Abstract

This thesis explores Taiwanese exchange students’ Internet practices while exchanging in China. Facing the Internet regulation and the peculiar Internet context, Taiwanese exchange students need to change their existing Internet practices in Taiwan. Hence, by conducting field research with in-depth interviews and online date, I try to document Taiwanese exchange students’ strategies, including bypassing the great firewall of China, and its meanings for Taiwanese exchange students.

The findings are divided into three sections. First, network capital and economic capital influence how Taiwanese exchange students find the useful and stable way to bypass the great firewall of China. Taiwanese exchange students would use the tactics and wait the impeccable moment to successfully bypass the great firewall of China. Second, Taiwanese exchange students bypass the great firewall of China to find information in accordance with their habitus, cultural capital or communicate with their established interpersonal network in Taiwan. At the meantime, combining online and offline space, bypassing the wall makes students regain their private space as if they were in Taiwan. Third, the experiences and reasons that Taiwanese exchange students use Chinese Internet channels.

In conclusion, the great firewall of China should be considered an opportunity for experiments. The value of ‘Now-ness’ is sometimes ignored while the quotidian practice of internet usage. But it becomes visible when Taiwanese exchange students can hardly practice their existing habits in China. The ways Taiwanese exchange students try to break through the internet restrictions reveal the value of internet is to break the spatiotemporal restrictions and satisfy the desires for communication and information.
目錄

第壹章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
壹、交換只是玩樂? 1
貳、特殊的交換學生 2
參、中國交換學生與媒體實踐 4
第二節、問題意識 7

第貳章、文獻回顧 9
第一節、媒體實踐取徑與相關理論 9
壹、媒體實踐取徑 9
貳、de Certeau的策略與戰術 11
參、Bourdieu的資本和慣習 13
第二節、傳播和空間 14
壹、空間的意義與轉化,漫步的空間實踐 14
貳、地方與非地方 15
第三節、傳播科技與觀光 19
壹、觀光客的凝視 19
貳、旅行與即時分享的意義 20
參、隨時聯繫的旅行過程 22
肆、旅行生活的交換學生 24
第四節、跨國移動者的相關研究 26
壹、交換學生相關研究 26
貳、臺商和臺生的生活劃界 29
第五節、文獻小結 30
第六節、研究問題 31

第參章、研究方法 33
第一節、研究方法之選擇 33
壹、質化訪談 33
貳、線上資料 35
參、參與觀察法 36
肆、研究對象的選擇 40
第二節、訪談對象列表 42

第肆章、翻牆的策略 43
第一節、校園網路作為翻牆工具 44
第二節:篳路藍縷的翻牆人生 48
壹、靠關係找好用VPN 48
貳、省錢花錢找好用VPN 52
參、絕對節省的外出旅行 59
第三節、小結 60

第伍章、為何翻牆 62
第一節、為了資訊而翻牆 62
壹、因為美學而翻牆 62
貳、因為資訊而翻牆 64
參、商業演算而翻牆 67
第二節、若即若離的外地聯繫 68
壹、為了朋友所以翻牆 69
第三節、外出旅行分享喜悅 71
壹、情感澎湃所以翻牆 72
貳、合理化玩樂減輕分享壓力 75
參、保持聯繫實踐網絡資本 77
第四節、讓日常生活空間像臺灣 78
壹、翻牆讓空間像臺灣 79
貳、用其他管道讓生活像臺灣 80
第五節、小結 81

第陸章、不翻牆做什麼 82
第一節、適應中國生活的管道 83
壹、帶領親朋好友入牆內 84
貳、為了通訊便利入牆內 85
參、熟悉生活的管道 87
第二節、拋棄、持續和避免使用的網路 92
壹、拋棄式網路管道 92
貳、持續使用當地網路 93
參、可接受的不便 94
第三節、小結 96

第柒章、結論 98
第一節、研究發現 98
壹、日常生活中的網路實踐 98
貳、日常生活的反抗順應 99
參、持續和隔絕人際連結 100
第二節、研究貢獻:網路的意義,當下的概念 102
第三節、研究限制與建議 104

第捌章、參考文獻 105

中華人民共和國國務院(2014年6月14日)。《社會信用體系建設規劃綱要》。

王德威譯(2008)。《布赫迪厄社會學面面觀》台北:麥田(原書:Bourdieu, P., & Wacquant, L. J. (1992). An invitation to reflexive sociology. University of Chicago press.)

北京市人民政府(2011年12月16日)。《北京市微博客發展管理若干規定》。

吳皓筠(2015)。《社群網站之多重帳號使用戰術與人際關係研究-以上班族為例》。國立政治大學新聞研究所碩士論文。

林平(2009)。〈從居住空間看臺灣人對中國大陸當地的認同〉,《臺灣政治學刊》,13(2):57-111。

胡泳(2010)。〈中國政府對互聯網的管制〉,《新聞學研究》,103:261-287。

胡婷。(2009)。《影響交換生適應地主國因素之研究》。國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。

徐苔玲、王志弘譯(2013)。《移動》。台北:群學。(原書:Adey, P.
[2009]. Mobility. Routledge.)

國立政治大學選舉研究中心(2016年4月6日)。「臺灣民眾臺灣人/中國人認同趨勢分佈(1992年06月~2015年12月)」。取自http://goo.gl/QeY2OU。

國安民(2002)。〈中共再立新法箝制網路言論自由〉,《共黨問題研究》,28(8):58-74。

國家教育研究院(2014年1月10日)。「中華民國教育年報102年版/第十
三章國際及兩岸教育交流」。取自 http://www.naer.edu.tw/files/15-
1000-8034,c256-1.php?Lang=zh-tw

張可婷譯(2010)。《質性研究的設計》。臺北:韋伯文化。(原書:Flick, U. [2007[. Designing qualitative research. Sage.]]

梁正清(2003)。〈中國大陸網路傳播的發展與政治控制〉,資訊社會研究, 4, 211-252.

報導者(2016年1月28日)。「中國人或臺灣人?你我都曾遇到的身分認同難題」。取自https://goo.gl/ZB95uf。

黃英忠、鍾安宜、翁良杰、張文菁。(2005)。〈國際交換學生海外適應與生活滿意度關係之研究:社會支持觀點〉,《中山管理評論》,13(4): 959-981。

葉浩譯(2007)。《觀光客的凝視》。台北:書林。(原書:Urry, J.[2000]. The tourist gaze. London: Sage. )

劉宗瑜、陳元炘譯(2010)。《電腦網際網路》。台北:全華圖書。(原書:Kurose, J. F. & Ross, K. W. [2010]. Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach: International Edition, 5/E. Pearson Education Inc.)

劉鶴群等翻譯(2010)。《社會科學研究方法》。臺北:雙葉書廊。(原書:Babbie, E.[2010]. The practice of social research. Cengage Learning.)

蔡昕璋。(2012)。〈交換學生生活及學習適應探討之研究—以十位校薦赴日女性交換學生為例〉,《北商學報》,20 :175-204。

蔡莫妮(2016年3月)。〈外來文化中的空間和移動〉,「移動的空間──生活世界與人文科學」國際會議論文。

賴文福譯(2000)。《民族誌學》。臺北:弘智文化。(原書:Fetterman, D. M. [1989]. Ethnography: Step by step. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.)

聯合報民調(2016年03月14日)。「73%自認為是臺灣人 46%要永遠維持現狀」。取自http://goo.gl/EAhlps。

藍佩嘉、吳伊凡(2011)。〈在「祖國」與「外國」之間:旅中台生的認同與畫界〉,《臺灣社會學》,22:1-57。

顏寧譯(2011)。《質性研究:設計與施作指南》。臺北:五南文化。(原書:Merriam, S. B. [2009]. Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. John Wiley & Sons.)

Adam, B. (1995). Timewatch. The Social Analysis of Time. Cambridge.

Aguila, A. P. N. (2011). Living long-distance relationships through
computer-mediated communication. Social Science Diliman, 5(1&2).

Ahn, S. E. (2014). A good learning opportunity, but is it for me? A study of Swedish students’ attitudes towards exchange studies in higher education. Journal of Research in International Education, 13(2), 106-118.

Altbach, P. G. (2004). Higher education crosses borders: Can the United States remain the top destination for foreign students?.
Change: the magazine of higher learning, 36(2), 18-25.

Altbach, P. G., & Teichler, U. (2001). Internationalization and exchanges in aglobalized university. Journal of Studies in International Education, 5(1), 5-25.

Augé, M. (1995). Non-places : introduction to an anthropology of supermodernity(J. Howe, Trans)UK, USA: Verso.

Bakardjieva, M. (2005). Internet society: The Internet in everyday life. London, Sage.

Berker, T., Hartmann, M., Punie, Y., & Ward, K. (2005). Domestication of media and technology. McGraw-Hill International.

Boase, J., & Wellman, B. (2006). Personal relationships: On and off the Internet. The Cambridge handbook of personal relationships, 709-723.

Boneva, B., Kraut, R., & Frohlich, D. (2001). Using e-mail for personal
relationships the difference gender makes. American behavioral scientist, 45(3), 530-549.

Bourdieu, P. (2011). The forms of capital.(1986). Cultural theory: An anthology, 81-93.

Brodin, J. (2010). Education for Global Competencies An EU—Canada Exchange Programme in Higher Education and Training. Journal of Studies in International Education, 14(5), 569-584.

Buchanan, I. (1999). Non‐places: Space in the age of supermodernity. Social Semiotics, 9(3), 393-398.

Bull, M. (2008). Sound moves: iPod culture and urban experience. Routledge. Castada, C., Fortier, A. M., & Sheller, M. (2003). Uprootings/regroundings: questions of home and migration. Oxford: Berg.

Castles, S., & Miller, M. J. (2009). The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World (4 ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
Cohen, E. (2004). Contemporary tourism: Diversity and change. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Collins, F. L. (2009). Connecting ‘home’with ‘here’: personal homepages in everyday transnational lives. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35(6), 839-859.

Collins, F. L. (2010). Negotiating un/familiar embodiments: investigating the corporeal dimensions of South Korean international student mobilities in Auckland, New Zealand. Population, Space and Place, 16(1), 51-62.

Couldry, N. (2004). Theorising media as practice. Social Semiotics, 14(2), 115-132.

Crawford, K. (2009). Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media. Continuum, 23(4), 525–535

Daly, A. J., & Barker, M. C. (2005). Australian and New Zealand university students’ participation in international exchange programs. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9(1), 26-41.

de Certeau, M. (1984). The practice of everyday life (S. Rendall, Trans.) Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

e Silva, A. D. S. (2006). From Cyber to Hybrid Mobile Technologies as Interfaces of Hybrid Spaces. Space and culture, 9(3), 261-278.

Freestone, P., & Geldens, P. (2008). ‘For More than Just the Postcard’: Student exchange as a tourist experience?. Annals of Leisure Research, 11(1-2), 41-56.

Frisby, D., & Featherstone, M. (Eds.). (1997). Simmel on culture. London: Sage Publications.

Gasser, U., & Simun, M. (2010). Digital lifestyle and online travel: Looking at the case of digital natives. In Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2010 (pp. 83-89). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Germann Molz, J. (2008). Global abode: Home and mobility in narratives of round-the-world travel. Space and Culture.

Green, N. (2002). On the move: Technology, mobility, and the mediation of social time and space. The information society, 18(4), 281-292.

Gretzel, U. (2010). Travel in the network: Redirected gazes, ubiquitous connections and new frontiers. In M. Levina & G. Kien (Eds.), Post-global Network and Everyday Life (pp. 41-58). New York: Peter Lang.

Gössling, S., & Stavrinidi, I. (2015). Social Networking, Mobilities, and the Rise of Liquid Identities. Mobilities, (ahead-of-print), 1-21.

Guruz, K. (2011). Higher Education and International Student Mobility in the Global Knowledge Economy: Revised and Updated Second Edition. SUNY Press.

Hancock, J. T., Thom-Santelli, J., & Ritchie, T. (2004). Deception and design: The impact of communication technology on lying behavior. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems (pp. 129-134). ACM.

Hannam, K., & A. Diekmann. (2010). “From Backpacking to Flashpacking: Developments in Backpacker Tourism Research.” In Beyond Backpacker Tourism: Mobilities and Experiences, edited by K. Hannam and A. Diekmann, 1–7. Channel View: Clevedon.

Hannam, K., Butler, G., & Paris, C. M. (2014). Developments and key issues in tourism mobilities. Annals of Tourism Research, 44, 171-185.

Helland, C. (2007). Diaspora on the electronic frontier: Developing virtual connections with sacred homelands. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 12(3), 956-976.

Huang, Shu-Ling (2010) Re-Mediating Identities in the Imagined Homeland: Taiwanese Migrants in China. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, Philip Merrill College of Journalism.

Kang, T. (2009). Homeland re-territorialized: Revisiting the role of geographical places in the formation of diasporic identity in the digital age. Information, communication & society, 12(3), 326-343.

Kim, K. H., Yun, H., & Yoon, Y. (2009). The Internet as a facilitator of cultural hybridization and interpersonal relationship management for Asian international students in South Korea. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(2), 152-169.

Kraft, R. J., Ballantine, J., and Garvey, D. “Study Abroad or International Travel: The Case of Semester at Sea.” International Review, 1994, 4, 23–61.

Larsen, J., Urry, J., & Axhausen, K. W. (2007). Networks and tourism: Mobile social life. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(1), 244-262.

Larsen, J., Urry, J., & Axhausen, K. (2008). Coordinating face-to-face meetings in mobile network societies. Information, Communication & Society, 11(5), 640-658.

Larsen, J. & Urry, J. (2011). The tourist gaze 3.0. Sage.

Lin, J. C. G., & Yi, J. K. (1997). Asian international students' adjustment: Issues and program suggestions. College Student Journal.

Lin, J. H., Peng, W., Kim, M., Kim, S. Y., & LaRose, R. (2012). Social networking and adjustments among international students. new media & society, 14(3), 421-440.

Llewellyn‐Smith, C., & McCABE, V. S. (2008). What is the attraction for exchange students: the host destination or host university? Empirical evidence from a study of an Australian university. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(6), 593-607.

MacKay, K., & Vogt, C. (2012). Information technology in everyday and vacation contexts. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(3), 1380-1401.

Markham, A. N., & Baym, N. K. (Eds.). (2008). Internet inquiry: Conversations about method. Sage Publications.

Mascheroni, G. 2007. “Global Nomads’ Mobile and Network Sociality: Exploring New Media Uses on the Move.” Information, Communication and Society 10 (4): 527–546.

Messer, D., & Wolter, S. C. (2007). Are student exchange programs worth it?. Higher Education, 54(5), 647-663.

Mihailidis, P. (2014). A tethered generation: Exploring the role of mobile phones in the daily life of young people. Mobile Media & Communication, 2(1), 58-72.

Mitra, A. (2005). Creating immigrant identities in cybernetic space: Examples from a non-resident Indian website. Media, Culture & Society, 27(3), 371-390.

Moores, S. (1993). Interpreting audiences: The ethnography of media consumption (Vol. 8). Sage.

Moores, S. (2005) Media/theory: thinking about media and communicatons. Oxon: Routledge

Moores, S. (2012). Media, place and mobility. Palgrave Macmillan.

Morley, D., & Silverstone, R. (1991). Communication and context: Ethnographic perspective on the media effect. In K. B. Jessen &; N. W. Jankowski (Eds.), A handbook of qualitative methodologies for mass communication research (pp.149-162). NY &; London: Routledge.

Neustaedter, C., & Greenberg, S. (2012). Intimacy in long-distance relationships over video chat. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 753-762). ACM.

O’Regan, M. (2008). Hypermobility in backpacker lifestyles: The emergence of the internet cafe´. In P. Burns & M. Novelli (Eds.), Tourism and mobilities: Localglobal connections (pp. 109–132). Walingford: CABI.

Orgad, S. (2008). QUESTION TWO: How Can Researchers Make Sense of the Issues Involved in Collecting and Interpreting Online and Offline Data. In Markham, A. N., & Baym, N. K. (Eds.), Internet inquiry: Conversations about method. Sage Publications.

Osborne, P. (2000). Travelling light: Photography, travel and visual culture. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Parreñas, R. (2005). Long distance intimacy: class, gender and intergenerational relations between mothers and children in Filipino transnational families. Global networks, 5(4), 317-336.

Paris, C. M. (2012). Flashpackers: An emerging sub-culture?. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 1094-1115.

Peeters, A. L., & d’Haenens, L. (2005). Bridging or bonding? Relationships between integration and media use among ethnic minorities in the
Netherlands. Communications, 30(2), 201-231.

Pink, S., & Mackley, K. L. (2013). Saturated and situated: expanding the meaning of media in the routines of everyday life. Media, Culture & Society, 35(6), 677-691.

Silverstone, R. (2005). Introduction. In Media, technology and everyday life in Europe: From information to communication.(pp.1-18) Ashgate Publishing Company.

Turkle, S. (2012). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. Basic books.

Urry, J. (2007). Mobilities. Polity.

Urry, J., & Larsen, J. (2011). The tourist gaze 3.0. Sage.

Van Hoof, H. B., & Verbeeten, M. J. (2005). Wine is for drinking, water is for washing: Student opinions about international exchange programs. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9(1), 42-61.

Villi, M. (2010). Visual mobile communication: Camera phone photo messages as ritual communication and mediated presence. Aalto University.

Wang, X., & Kanungo, R. N. (2004). Nationality, social network and psychological well-being: Expatriates in China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 15(4-5), 775-793.

Wellman, B. (2001). Physical place and cyberplace: The rise of personalized networking. International journal of urban and regional research, 25(2), 227-252.

White, N. R., & White, P. B. (2007). Home and away: Tourists in a connected world. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(1), 88-104.

Ye, J. (2006). An examination of acculturative stress, interpersonal social support, and use of online ethnic social groups among Chinese international students. The Howard Journal of Communications, 17(1), 1-20.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top