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研究生:林孟儒
研究生(外文):Lin, Meng-Ju
論文名稱:選擇性二氧化矽包覆金奈米棒之製備與螢光增強效應研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Fluorescence Enhancement Effect on Side Selective Silica Coated Gold Nanorods
指導教授:陳家俊陳家俊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Chia-Chun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:金奈米棒表面電漿共振金屬螢光增強
外文關鍵詞:Metal-enhanced fluorescenceGold nanorodsLSPR
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本研究利用不同長寬比3.5以及4.6之金奈米棒(其吸收波長分別是750nm和890nm),包覆一層二氧化矽於側邊上,並露出兩端點,形成一種類似“熱狗”的構型,探討其應用於螢光增強之效應。由於侷域化表面電漿共振的現象,金奈米棒可以增強螢光分子的螢光放光強度,尤其是金奈米棒的端點,可以提供較高的電場環境,因此端點上的螢光分子能有較高的螢光增強倍率。
在不同長寬比之金奈米棒的螢光增強測試中,以較長之金奈米棒的螢光增強倍率最佳。相較於長寬比為3.5的金奈米棒的螢光增強倍率(最高倍率為2.81倍),長寬比4.6的金奈米棒可以有效增強螢光訊號至6.81倍。長度較長之金奈米棒之所以能有較高的增強倍率,是因為較長的金奈米棒端點能提供更強的電場環境,使得螢光分子與金奈米棒產生較強的電磁耦合現象,得到強度較強的螢光放光。然而利用二氧化矽選擇性包覆在金奈米棒上的特性,使得螢光分子能集中在金奈米棒的端點上,得到最大的螢光增強效果。
In this study, the fluorescence enhancement effects of hot dog shaped Au nrs with different aspect ratios of 3.5 and 4.6 coated with a silica layer on the lateral side to expose the two endpoints were studied. Owing to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) phenomenon of the Au nrs, light intensity of the adjacent fluorescent molecules can be either enhanced or quenched within a certain controlled distance. At the endpoint of the Au nrs where a higher electric field environment can be aroused, the fluorophore with a suitable distance from the metal surface can have an increased excitation and radiative decay rate, leading to the higher fluorescence intensity.
In this study, IR-800-conjugated streptavidin was used as the fluorophore and thiolated-PEG was used as the spacer to control the distance. Comparing the fluorescence enhancement results of dye-conjugated Au nrs with aspect ratios of 3.5 and 4.6, the fluorescence intensities was increased from 2.8 to 6.8 folds. Because of the higher local electric fields at endpoints of the longer Au nrs, the stronger electromagnetic coupling with IR-800 molecules result in an increased fluorescence intensity. Utilizing the side selectively covered silica on the Au nrs, the fluorophores can be confined on the endpoint in order to get the maximum fluorescence enhancement effect.
總目錄 I
圖目錄 IV
摘要 VI
Abstract VII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1奈米技術進程 1
1-2奈米材料的製作 3
1-3奈米材料的特性 6
1-4 奈米材料在生活上的應用 9
第二章 文獻回顧與動機 12
2-1 金屬奈米材料之侷域化表面電漿共振現象 12
2-2 金屬螢光增強 Metal- enhanced Fluorescence 14
2-2-1 金屬奈米材料與螢光分子的交互作用 15
2-2-2現今金屬螢光增強材料與結構 17
2-3 金奈米棒的光學特性 24
2-4 金奈米棒的合成 27
2-5 研究動機與目的 28
第三章 實驗設備與步驟 29
3-1 實驗藥品 29
3-2 實驗儀器設備介紹 30
3-2-1 高速離心機(High-speed Centrifuge) 30
3-2-2 冷凍乾燥機(Freeze Dryer) 31
3-3 分析儀器介紹及儀器基本原理 32
3-3-1紫外光-可見光-近紅外光光譜儀(UV-Visible-Near IR Spectrophotometer) 32
3-3-2穿透式電子顯微鏡(Transmission Electron Microscopy, TEM) 33
3-3-3螢光光譜儀(Photoluminescence, PL) 34
3-3-4核磁共振儀(Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, NMR) 35
3-4 實驗步驟 37
3-4-1 金奈米棒之合成 37
3-4-2 硫基化聚乙二醇(8 arm- PEG- LA)之合成 38
3-4-3 PEG- LA 的置換與二氧化矽的包覆 38
3-4-4 金奈米棒材料修飾螢光染劑 40
第四章 結果與討論 41
4-1 材料鑑定與光譜分析 41
4-1-1 金奈米棒的形狀與光譜 41
4-1-2 硫基化聚乙二醇(8 arm- PEG- LA)之鑑定 42
4-1-3 金奈米棒以二氧化矽包覆 44
4-2 螢光光譜分析 48
第五章 結論與未來展望 52
第六章 附件 53
第七章 參考文獻 57
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