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研究生:簡詩穎
研究生(外文):Chien, Shih-Yin
論文名稱:東亞國家民眾經濟評價之多層次分析
論文名稱(外文):Multilevel Analysis of Economic Evaluations of People in the East Asian Countries
指導教授:林昌平林昌平引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Chang-Ping
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:東亞學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:多層次分析經濟評價總體因素個體因素人均國民所得國內生產毛額
外文關鍵詞:the multilevel analysiseconomic evaluationmacro-level factormicro-level factornational income per capitagross domestic product
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本研究以多層次分析觀察總體經濟指標與個體層次因素對東亞民眾經濟評價的影響,其中東亞民眾經濟評價包括「對國家經濟狀況」和「對家庭經濟狀況」兩大類型。使用多層次分析可同時討論總體因素與個體因素所處不同層次的差異效果,以確保適當估計總體與個體變項之間的影響效果。本研究著重下列兩點探討,首先本文認為客觀的經濟指標表現對民眾經濟評價有正向的影響,包括國內生產毛額、人均國民所得、失業率和通貨膨脹年增率等,都會是影響民眾對國家與對家庭經濟評價的重要因素。其次,主觀的個體評價包括家庭所得、滿足生活基本需求、和認同政府對貧富皆一視同仁等,將被認為對人們於家庭經濟狀況滿意度有所影響。

實證結果顯示,人均國民所得比國內生產毛額對提升民眾經濟評價更有幫助,也就是影響民眾經濟評價是家庭經濟優於國家經濟。在主觀個體評價方面,家庭所得較高、有滿足食物、衣服和住所的基本需求、或是認同政府對貧富皆一視同仁的受訪者,對現今、過去國家和家庭的經濟狀況都感到滿意,對未來的經濟發展也感到樂觀。而在政治議題方面,顯現出越不民主自由的國家民眾,對於國家和家庭的經濟評價較高。
This study takes the multilevel analysis to estimate the impact of the general economic indicators and individual factors on the economic evaluation of the East Asian people. The application of multilevel analysis can simultaneously consider the difference between the macro-level and micro-level factors to ensure that the effects of variables can be properly measured and estimated.

The empirical results show that the increase in national income per capita is more helpful than the growth in gross domestic product. That is, the impact of the family economy is superior to the national economy for the economic evaluation. In the case of subjective individual evaluations, respondents who agree that "family has a higher income" or "people have basic necessities like food, clothes, and shelter" or "rich and poor are treated equally by the government", are satisfied with the present and past economic situation for the country and the family. They are also optimistic about the future of economic development. In terms of political issues, it shows that people in the more undemocratic and non-free countries have a higher economic evaluation for the country and the family.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 4
第三節、研究架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節、民眾主觀經濟評價 7
一、主觀與客觀指標的相關性 7
二、經濟評價之意義 8
第二節、影響民眾經濟評價可能的因素 10
一、民眾主觀個體評價 11
二、客觀的經濟、社會和政治指標 15
三、受訪者的條件特徵 24
第三節、多層模型的原理與分析 27
一、為甚麼使用多層次分析 27
二、多層次分析之基本模型 28
三、多層次分析之應用 29
第三章 研究假設與變數資料來源 32
第一節、研究假設 32
第二節、實證變數與資料來源 33
第四章 敘述統計與實證分析 37
第一節、敘述統計 37
第二節、個體因素對東亞民眾經濟評價的實證分析 41
第三節、總體因素對東亞民眾經濟評價的實證分析 46
第四節、大國印象與民眾經濟評價 56
第五節、跨層次分析討論民眾經濟評價 70
第五章 結論與建議 74
第一節、結論 74
第二節、研究限制與建議 77
參考文獻 78
附件一、經濟評價相關文獻之研究方法與變項彙整 92
附件二、變項對經濟評價或生活滿意度正負向影響之文獻彙整 101
附件三、原始問卷題目與評量方法 105
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學位論文
李映霖
2013〈地方政治生態與選區服務:第七屆立委選舉的多層次分析〉國立臺灣大學
國家發展研究所碩士論文。
呂宜勵
2006〈多層線性模型的分層樣本數組合問題:對跨國政治文化研究的啟示〉國立
政治大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
陳正昌
1994〈從教育機會均等觀點探討家庭、學校與國小學生學業成就之關係〉國立政
治大學教育學研究所博士論文。
謝文真
2007〈貪污對新興國家經濟成長影響之探討〉國立成功大學政治經濟研究所學位論文。

研討會論文
巫博瀚、賴英娟
2010〈台灣青少年學習情緒之多層次模型分析〉,論文發表於台灣心理學會主辦之「台灣心理學會第四十九屆心理學年會」,嘉義:中正大學。2010,11月。
黃旻華、呂宜勵
2005〈從多層線性模型的樣本數問題來談政治文化:一個模擬研究的提案〉,發
表於2005臺灣政治學會年會中,12月10-11日,臺北:政治大學。
Gong, Honge, Rebecca Cassells and Marcia Keegan.
2011 “Understanding Life Satisfaction and the Education Puzzle in Australia,” NATSEM Working Paper 11/12, This paper was presented at the HILDA Conference, July 2011.
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