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研究生:陳俐婷
研究生(外文):Chen, Li-Ting
論文名稱:查爾斯.雷尼.麥金塔建築裝飾上植物題材的形成
論文名稱(外文):Plant Motifs in the Formation of Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s Architectural Ornament
指導教授:曾曬淑曾曬淑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzeng, Shai-Shu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:藝術史研究所
學門:藝術學門
學類:綜合藝術學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:153
中文關鍵詞:查爾斯.雷尼.麥金塔植物題材裝飾設計皇后十字教堂蘇格蘭街道公立學校格拉斯哥藝術學校格拉斯哥象徵意義
外文關鍵詞:Charles Rennie Mackintoshplant motifsornamentsdesignsQueen’s Cross ChurchScotland Street Public Schoolthe Glasgow School of ArtGlasgowsymbolic meanings
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本研究專注於蘇格蘭格拉斯哥建築師查爾斯.雷尼.麥金塔(Charles Rennie Mackintosh, 1868-1928)設計生涯中不同階段的兩棟建築上裝飾的植物題材,代表建築分別是皇后十字教堂(Queen’s Cross Church, 1897-1899)和蘇格蘭街道公立學校(Scotland Street Public School, 1903-1907)。皇后十字教堂建造於麥金塔成名之時,代表麥金塔個性化創作顛峰,它不同於一般基督教教堂,以大量植物題材代替十字架作為裝飾,象徵意味十足;而蘇格蘭街道公立學校則是代表麥金塔在1900年後設計生涯的另一個階段,此時建築上植物題材的裝飾傾向以幾何形式呈現。植物作為麥金塔一生的創作靈感來源,可由1883年至1894年麥金塔在格拉斯哥藝術學校期間所受課程訓練的成果得知,許多當時所繪的植物造型都延續到之後的建築設計上。植物的題材與特殊造型變成麥金塔個人設計風格特徵。上述這兩棟建築上的裝飾見證其植物題材創作風格的形成與轉變,因此值得深入討論,檢視作品當中呈現的個人化特色以及時代流行現象,並分析植物題材在宗教和世俗建築上分別代表的意涵和植物題材對麥金塔個人的意義,以及其風格轉變的因素。
This study focuses on the plant motifs decorated on two most distinctive buildings – Queen’s Cross Church (1897-1899) and Scotland Street Public School (1903-1907) – designed by Scottish architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928). When compared with the two construction phases of the Glasgow School of Art between 1896-1899 and 1907-1909, Queen’s Cross Church, his only ecclesiastical building, and Scotland Street Public School in Glasgow, his late complete educational commission, give a panorama of the development of Mackintosh’s architectural ornament associated with plant motifs in the 1890s and the decade after 1900. Queen’s Cross Church strongly shows his idiosyncratic details in the choice of the symbolic adaptation of plentiful plant motifs derived from his early graphics. Scotland Street Public School is a representative work used the geometric forms in architectural ornament.
This study is to explore the sources of and references in Mackintosh’s training toward plant motifs in school and how Mackintosh came to form his principles of design based on those of several plant motifs. Moreover, it looks at the analysis of Mackintosh’s plant images and interpretation of his plant motifs decorated on architecture by means of tracing back plant form studies that he once used as references in his work. The subject matter in chapters 2 and 3 of this thesis discusses the two main groups of materials used in two-dimensional graphics in Mackintosh’s student life, and those used in three-dimensional architectural ornament of Queen’s Cross Church and Scotland Street Public School, respectively. The conclusion summarizes analysis findings on the development of Mackintosh’s artwork, reaffirms the connotations of plant motifs, both in religious or secular symbolism, in order to define these meanings for Mackintosh, and interprets the significance of the gradual transitional steps both in the form and thought in Mackintosh’s artwork.
Table of Contents
List of Figures 4
Abstract 11
摘要 13
Acknowledgements 14
1.Introduction 15
2.Mackintosh's Preference for Plant Motifs 20
2.1.The School Training and Practice 22
2.2.The Trip to Italy 31
2.3.The Influence of Contemporary Designers 36
2.4.The Experimental Student Publication – The Magazine 40
2.4.1.Combinations of Figures and Plant Motifs 42
2.4.2.Stylized Plant Motifs 45
3.Plant Motifs in Mackintosh’s Architectural Ornament 50
3.1.Queen’s Cross Church of 1897-1899 52
3.1.1.Commission 52
3.1.2.Formal Analysis 54
3.1.3.The Religious Connotations of Mackintosh’s Plant Motifs 58
3.1.4.Development of Mackintosh’s Works in the 1890s 62
3.2.Scotland Street Public School of 1903-1907 66
3.2.1.Formal Analysis 67
3.2.2.The Analogy between Plants and Architecture 70
3.2.3.Development of Mackintosh’s Works in the Decade after 1900 77
4.Conclusion 82
5.Bibliography 87
Figures 91
Appendix I: Architecture, Exterior, Interior, and Career Notes 141
Appendix II: Furniture, Autonomous Designs, Drawings and Watercolors, and Career Notes 144
Appendix III: Design Schemes 149
Photographic Credits 152
Bibliography

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Billcliffe, Roger, Architectural Sketches and Flower Drawings by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, London 1977
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