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研究生:蔡婉樺
研究生(外文):TSAI, WAN-HUA
論文名稱:相對教育水準與薪資變動
論文名稱(外文):Relative Education and Wage Difference
指導教授:楊子菡楊子菡引用關係
指導教授(外文):YANG, TZU-HAN
口試委員:黃登興黃芳玫
口試委員(外文):HUANG, DENG-SHINGHUANG, FUNG-MEY
口試日期:2017-06-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:財政學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:相對教育水準相對位置模型薪資
外文關鍵詞:relative educationpositional modelwage
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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近年來台灣國人平均受教育年數逐年增加,而除了2008年的全球金融危機外,台灣每年都有一定的經濟成長,但是社會新鮮人的薪資卻有停滯的現象,這個情況讓我們想進一步探究台灣現在的勞動市場主要的給付薪資標準是根據人力資本理論?篩選理論?抑或是相對教育水準的概念?
本文使用1978-2015年共38年行政院主計總處「人力資源與人力運用調查」作為主要資料來源,衡量相對教育水準方面利用相對教育分數、環境平均教育年數以及兩者之交互項,絕對教育程度也分成兩部分做實證分析:第一部分先將教育年數作為衡量絕對教育程度之基準,再探討分別加入兩種衡量相對教育變數與其交互項後的實證結果,為模型一到五。第二部分則是假設各教育程度對薪資的影響程度不同,因此將各教育程度轉換為虛擬變數,再探討分別加入兩種衡量相對教育變數與其交互項後的實證結果,為模型六到八。
實證結果發現,近年來相對教育分數對薪資的影響力增加,而且當教育擴張使環境平均教育年數增加時,會使薪資的正向影響力逐漸降低,正好符合本文相對位置模型的概念,也就是不同時間、不同群組的教育分配各不相同,擁有相同學歷的個人就會有不同的相對教育水準,進而有不同的薪資水準。綜合本文兩部分的實證結果可以得知,台灣勞動市場中雇主的確會透過同一勞動供給族群中的教育相對位置來給付薪資。在2008年之後,可能因為教育擴張到達一定程度,學歷愈高的勞工,其薪資增加的幅度反而愈低,而這也可能是造成近年來台灣薪資停滯的原因之一。
In recent years, Taiwan’s average years of education increase and Taiwan’s economy continues to grow every year except the year of global financial crisis in 2008. Meanwhile, the wage stagnation has been a problem for the group of university graduates. This situation brings about a question how the wages in Taiwan’s labor market are determined? Is it based on the human capital theory, screening theory, or the principle of positional model?
  This paper collected 1978-201, total 38 years, of data from the Report of Manpower Utilization Survey published by DGBAS of the Executive Yuan. There are two sets of the empirical results. First, we use the years of education as the measurement of absolute level of education and add two proxies of relative education and the interaction between these two variables as model 1 to 5. Second, we transfer academic certificates into dummy variables and add the two proxies of relative education and the interaction between these two variables as model 6 to 8.
The empirical results show that the positive impacts from the relative education on wage has increase in the recent years. When the expansion on education increased the environment average years of education, the positive impact on wage decreased. It proves the idea of positional model that wage is significantly affected by the relative position of the workers education within the cohort of age and time.
Combined with two sets of empirical results we find out that the employers in Taiwan’s labor market pay the wages according to both the absolute and relative education. Taiwan’s educational expansion has reached to some level that the workers who has higher years of education, the lower the wage increase after 2008. This might be one of reasons causing Taiwan’s wage stagnation.
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究背景 1
第二節、研究動機與目的 7
第三節、研究方法與架構 10
第二章、理論與文獻探討 11
第一節、人力資本理論 11
第二節、篩選理論 15
第三節、相對位置模型 19
第三節、小結 25
第三章、實證模型與資料來源 27
第一節、計量方法與實證模型 27
第二節、資料來源說明 28
第三節、本文主要變數預期符號分析 32
第四章、實證結果分析 33
第一節、加入教育年數與相對教育水準之估計結果 33
第二節、將各教育階段設虛擬變數與相對教育水準之估計結果 41
第五章、結論與建議 44
第一節、結論 44
第二節、政策建議 46
第三節、研究限制 46
參考文獻 48

一、中文部分
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林佳慧 (2008),《高等教育就業養成與第一份薪資之關聯性:符合人力資本論或篩選理論》,國立交通大學經營管理研究所碩士論文
柯朝斌 (2009),「高等教育普及化對於文憑訊號傳遞功能的影響:以賽局模型進行理論分析」,《教育科學研究期刊》,54(2),107-133
高長 (1991),「臺灣地區性別工資差異問題之研究:生命周期人力資本理論之應用」,《國立政治大學學報》,62,71-108
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黃芳玫 (2011),「臺灣人力資本與薪資不均之研究」,《臺灣經濟預測與政策》,42(1),1-37
黃登興、劉碧珍與楊子菡 (2014),「台灣實際薪資的停滯現象:全球趨勢與台灣特徵」,台灣經濟學會2014年年會研討會論文
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二、英文部分
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