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研究生:鄭伊珊
研究生(外文):Yi-Shan Cheng
論文名稱:臺灣民眾睡眠之變遷
論文名稱(外文):Changes in Sleep among People in Taiwan
指導教授:謝雨生謝雨生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeu-Sheng Hsieh
口試委員:周玉慧吳齊殷
口試委員(外文):Yuh-Huey JouChyi-In Wu
口試日期:2017-04-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:143
中文關鍵詞:睡眠年齡效應時期效應世代效應交叉分類隨機效應模型
外文關鍵詞:sleepage effectperiod effectcohort effectcross-classified random effects model
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本研究主要目的有二:(1)探討年齡、時期及世代對睡眠的獨立效果;
(2)控制家庭與工作的影響,釐清年齡、時期及世代對睡眠的淨效果。
本研究以中央研究院社會學研究所執行之「臺灣社會變遷基本調查」作為資料來源,使用調查時間橫跨1995年至2015年間,共14筆包含「睡眠作息時間」調查的資料,總分析樣本數為27573人,並採用交叉分類隨機效應模型進行分析。
本研究之研究發現為:(1)在睡眠的年齡-時期-世代獨立效果上,年齡、時期及世代分別對就寢時間、熬夜類型及睡眠長度有獨立效果。
(2)在睡眠的年齡-時期-世代淨效果方面,考量家庭與工作影響因素後,年齡分別對就寢時間、熬夜類型及睡眠長度有淨效果,年齡愈增加較偏向非典型就寢時間、非典型熬夜類型,以及偏少或適量睡眠長度;時期分別對就寢時間、熬夜類型及睡眠長度有淨效果,相對而言,愈近代時期之民眾較偏向熬夜就寢時間、輕度熬夜類型、偏少或適量睡眠長度;世代分別對就寢時間、熬夜類型及睡眠長度亦有淨效果,相較於早期世代,年輕世代開始出現偏向熬夜或非典型就寢時間、不同程度熬夜的類型、偏少或偏多的睡眠長度。
This study has two purposes: (1) to explore the independent effects of age, period, and cohort on sleep;
(2) to clarify the net age, period, and cohort effects on sleep as controlling for the influence of family and work;Using 14 waves data included reports of sleep schedule data from the Survey of Taiwan Social Change,
implemented by the Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan.The sample consists of 27573 respondents over period 1995--2015.Cross-classified random effects model are utilized to analyze age-period-cohort independent effect.The results show that this study provides support for the independent effect of age, period and cohort on sleep.Moreover, after controlling for the influence of family and work,there are net age effect, net period effect and net cohort effect on sleep.
Furthermore, as age increases, people tend to non-typical sleep time, non-typical type of staying up late and lower or adequate sleep length.People who live in modern period are relatively inclined to stay-up-late sleep time, mild type of staying up late and lower or adequate sleep length.Relatively speaking, young cohorts have a tendency towards stay-up-late or non-typical sleep time,staying up late and lower or higher sleep length.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究背景與目的 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.2 研究重要性 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
第二章 文獻與研究假設 8
2.1 睡眠之概念意義及測量 . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.1.1 就寢時間. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.1.2 熬夜類型 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.1.3 睡眠長度 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.2 睡眠變遷:睡眠的年齡-時期-世代效應 . . . . . . . . 21
2.2.1 就寢時間的年齡-時期-世代效應 . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.2.2 熬夜類型的年齡-時期-世代效應. . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.2.3 睡眠長度的年齡-時期-世代效應. . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.3 影響睡眠的個人因素及相關研究 . . . . . . . . 31
2.3.1 性別與睡眠 . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.3.2 婚姻狀態與睡眠. . . . . . . . . 32
2.3.3 家庭經濟環境與睡眠 . . . . . . 32
2.3.4 工作狀態與睡眠 . . . . . . . . . 33
第三章 研究設計 34
3.1 資料來源 . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.2 變項測量 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.2.1 依變項:睡眠 . . . . . . 37
3.2.2 年齡、時期與世代. . . . . . . . 40
3.2.3 控制變項. . . . . . . . . 42
3.3 資料處理與樣本清理流程 . . . . . . . . 47
3.4 分析策略與程序 . . . . . . . . . 49
3.4.1 樣本特性分析 . . . . . . . 49
3.4.2 年齡、時期及世代對睡眠的獨立效果 . . . . . 51
3.4.3 年齡、時期及世代對睡眠的淨效果. . . . 53
第四章 分析結果 56
4.1 樣本特性分析 . . . . . . . . 56
4.1.1 臺灣民眾就寢時間之分布特性 . . . . . . . . . 58
4.1.2 臺灣民眾熬夜類型之分布特性 . . . . . . . . . . 62
4.1.3 臺灣民眾睡眠長度之分布特性 . . . . . . . . . 68
4.2 睡眠的年齡-時期-世代獨立效果. . . . . . 74
4.2.1 就寢時間的年齡-時期-世代獨立效果 . . . . . . . . 74
4.2.2 熬夜類型的年齡-時期-世代獨立效果 . . . . . . . 76
4.2.3 睡眠長度的年齡-時期-世代獨立效果. . . . . . . . . 78
4.3 睡眠的年齡-時期-世代淨效果 . . . . . . . . . . . 81
4.3.1 就寢時間的年齡-時期-世代淨效果 . . . . . . . . . 81
4.3.2 熬夜類型的年齡-時期-世代淨效果 . . . . . . . . 85
4.3.3 睡眠長度的年齡-時期-世代淨效果. . . . . . . . 90
第五章 結論與討論 103
5.1 結論與討論 . . . . . . . . . . . 103
5.1.1 臺灣民眾就寢時間變遷之意涵. . . . . . . . . 103
5.1.2 臺灣民眾熬夜類型變遷之意涵 . . . . . . . . . . 104
5.1.3 臺灣民眾睡眠長度變遷之意涵. . . . . . . . . . 106
5.2 建議. . . . . . . . . 108
參考文獻 110
附錄 121
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