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研究生(外文):Pei-Hsuan Cheng
論文名稱(外文):Demand-side Management in Residential CommunityRealizing Sharing Economy with Bidirectional Plug-inElectric Vehicle and Renewable Energy
指導教授(外文):Li-Chen Fu
外文關鍵詞:Demand-side ManagementPlug-in electricity vehiclerenewable energyenergy tradingsharing economycommercial building
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In smart grids, demand-side management (DSM) is one of the important function since it can reduce the total electricity cost of each customer, meanwhile, alleviate the aggregate peak-to-average ratio (PAR) subject to real-time pricing (RTP) policy. On the other hand, while bidirectional charging/discharging Plug-in Electric vehicles (PEV)become more general, the capability of storing electrical energy for load shifting and energy sharing among users may take smart grid to a next level. On the view point of a community, we design a fairness strategy to share PEV’s battery with neighbors to reduce
the total electricity cost and peak to average ratio (PAR). On the other hand, we try to utilize the PEVs which parked at the commercial building during working hour to fulfill part of the building’s power consumption. In our problem formulation, each home is assumed to be connected to a renewable energy resource (e.g., photovoltaic (PV) system), be equipped with an energy storage device, and have an optional PEV with the vehicle to grid (V2G) ability, and the formulation is in terms of a multi-objective optimization cooperative game to facilitate power sharing among neighbors. As for a commercial building, we rearrange each PEV’s charging/discharging operations to reduce the total
electricity cost of the building. In simulation, we ask ten people to provide their daily activity profiles to represent the residence in the community and use the hourly load profile data from Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) for commercial sector. The results show that the proposed DSM system not only reduces the electricity cost for each household but also reduces the PAR of the community. Moreover, for the commercial building, the proper rearrangement of PEV’s behavior also helps to reduce the total electricity cost and PAR.
口試委員會審定書 i
誌謝 ii
中文摘要 iii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Challenges 3
1.2.1 Challenges of Utilizing the PEV 3
1.2.2 Challenges of DSM Realizing Sharing Economy in a Community 4
1.2.3 Challenges of DSM in a Commercial Building 5
1.3 Related work 6
1.4 Contribution 10
1.5 Parameters 12
1.6 Thesis organization 14
Chapter 2 Preliminaries 16
2.1 Demand Side Management 16
2.2 Particle Swarm Optimization 17
2.3 M-CHESS 20
2.4 Privacy Protection Strategy 23
Chapter 3 Community Demand Side Management Realizing Sharing Economy 25
3.1 Smart community Environment 25
3.2 System Architecture 27
3.3 Community Energy Sharing System 31
3.3.1 Input Data Profile 31
3.3.2 Individual Home Activity Scheduling 33
3.3.3 Optimization Flow 38
3.3.4 Two Level Distributed Cooperative Game 40
Chapter 4 Demand Side Management in Commercial Building Parking Space 44
4.1 Commercial building Structure 45
4.2 Systems Architecture 46
4.3 Plug-in Electricity Vehicle Operation Scheduling in Commercial Building 47
Chapter 5 System Evaluation 50
5.1 Evaluation of Residential community 50
5.1.1 Environment Setting 50
5.1.2 User Profile 53
5.1.3 Individual Home Cost Reduction 55
5.1.4 Residential Community Realizing Sharing Economy 58
5.2 Evaluation of Commercial Building with PEV Parking Space 62
5.2.1 Environment Setting 62
5.2.2 Commercial Building Cost Reduction 64
Chapter 6 Conclusions 65
6.1 Summary 65
6.2 Future Work 66
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