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研究生:李麗娟
研究生(外文):EI EI PHYO
論文名稱:緬甸服裝業的婦女和童工權益研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Rights of Women and Child Labor of the Garment Industry in Myanmar
指導教授:雷立芬雷立芬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Fen Lei
口試日期:2017-07-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:農業經濟學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業經濟及推廣學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:child laborwomen laborworking conditionsgarment industryMyanmar
外文關鍵詞:child laborwomen laborworking conditionsgarment industryMyanmar
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This study aims to investigate women and children labor issues within Myanmar garment industry. Throughout Myanmar history, women and children of Myanmar entered the labor market due to unfavorable circumstances, such circumstances range from poor general infrastructure, unclear economic policy, and isolation from external assistance outside Myanmar. Current situation of Myanmar women and children labor suggest a high level of vulnerability by being exploited by those with power. Children and women of Myanmar are positioned facing a high degree of uncertainty concerning their future because of poor working conditions and absence of human rights within the garment industry. It is necessary for Myanmar women and children to be empowered with strong labor rights in order to obtain solid, fair and legal protection in the garment industry of Myanmar.
This study aims to investigate women and children labor issues within Myanmar garment industry. Throughout Myanmar history, women and children of Myanmar entered the labor market due to unfavorable circumstances, such circumstances range from poor general infrastructure, unclear economic policy, and isolation from external assistance outside Myanmar. Current situation of Myanmar women and children labor suggest a high level of vulnerability by being exploited by those with power. Children and women of Myanmar are positioned facing a high degree of uncertainty concerning their future because of poor working conditions and absence of human rights within the garment industry. It is necessary for Myanmar women and children to be empowered with strong labor rights in order to obtain solid, fair and legal protection in the garment industry of Myanmar.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Objective of the Study 5
CHAPTER 2 OVERVIEW OF THE GARMENT INDUSTRY 8
2.1 Background of Myanmar 8
2.2 National Laws and International Standards Related to Child Labor 19
2.3 The Garment Industry 19
2.4 Literature Review 26
CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY 32
3.1 Fundamentals of Workers 32
3.2 Health and Safety 37
3.3 Comparison of Among Asian Countries 38
CHAPTER 4 THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN AND CHILD LABOR 41
4.1 Rights of Women Labor 41
4.2 Rights of Child Labor 48
4.3 Suggestions on Improving Workers'' Rights 50
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS 55
REFERENCE 59
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