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研究生:陳秋杉
研究生(外文):Hil Sa Tan
論文名稱:殖民時期星馬新聞翻譯研究(1945-1957):以《海峽時報》與《南洋商報》為例
論文名稱(外文):From The Straits Times to Nanyang Siang Pau: A Study of News Translation in British Malaya and Singapore, 1945-1957
指導教授:石岱崙石岱崙引用關係
指導教授(外文):Darryl Sterk
口試日期:2017-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:翻譯碩士學位學程
學門:人文學門
學類:翻譯學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:167
中文關鍵詞:殖民時期新聞翻譯批判話語分析意識形態贊助者教育課題
外文關鍵詞:colonial translationnews translationcritical discourse analysisideologypatronageeducation
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本論文將探討殖民時期影響馬來亞與新加坡的英中新聞翻譯活動之因素。研究範圍從1945年至1957年,也就是二戰後至馬來亞獨立前。研究對象為教育課題的相關新聞,英文原文取自《海峽時報》,而中文譯文則取自《南洋商報》。本研究將採用 van Dijk 的批判話語分析框架與其所提出的「意識形態矩陣」(ideological square)來進行分析。我主張由贊助者(patrons)所施加的意識形態在翻譯的過程中有著重大的影響。至於所謂贊助者,我認為儘管英國殖民政府在馬來亞與新加坡文化和語言方面形成霸權,但本地華人出版商掌握著華文新聞的出版,因此殖民時期星馬的英中新聞翻譯,本地華人出版商才是主導的贊助者。
This study will investigate the factors that influence the practice of news translation in Malaya and Singapore in a colonial context. The time frame of this study is from 1945 to 1957, which is from the surrender of Japan to the independence of Malaya. English news articles on issues of education in Malaya and Singapore and their corresponding Chinese translations are selected from The Straits Times and Nanyang Siang Pau respectively. I will employ van Dijk’s critical discourse analysis framework and his concept of “ideological square” in my analysis. I claim that ideology, which enforced by patrons, has a major impact on the translation process. Speaking of who the patrons were, I argue that although the British government had superiority over the colonized Malaya and Singapore in terms of culture and language, the local Chinese publishers had more control over the publication of Chinese news. They were the more powerful patrons who governed English-Chinese news translation in Malaya and Singapore during the colonial period.
Table of Contents

Verification Letter from the Oral Examination Committee i
Acknowledgements ii
English Abstract iii
Chinese Abstract iv
1. INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Research Questions 7
1.3 Organization of the Thesis 9
2. LITERATURE REVIEW 10
2.1 Definitions of Discourse 10
2.2 Colonial Discourse & Colonial Translation 12
2.3 News Discourse & News Translation 18
2.4 Theoretical Framework: van Dijk’s Critical Discourse Analysis 23
2.5 André Lefevere: Translation as Rewriting 29
2.5.1 Ideology 29
2.5.2 Patronage 30
3. METHODOLOGY 31
3.1 Research Materials 31
3.1.1 The Straits Times 31
3.1.2 Nanyang Siang Pau 34
3.2 Data Collection 36
3.3 Research Methods & Procedures 40
4. DATA ANALYSIS & DISCUSSION 46
4.1 Example 1: “University Business” 46
4.1.1 Context & Background 46
4.1.2 Results & Analysis 47
4.1.3 Discussion 53
4.2 Example 2: “The University Problem” 56
4.2.1 Context & Background 56
4.2.2 Results & Analysis 58
4.2.3 Discussion 68
4.3 Example 3: “A Reply to Sir Alexander” 74
4.3.1 Context & Background 74
4.3.2 Results & Analysis 75
4.3.3 Discussion 81
4.4 Example 4: “Nanyang Degrees a Failure Unless Top Class” 83
4.4.1 Context & Background 84
4.4.2 Results & Analysis 84
4.4.3 Discussion 96
4.5 Example 5: “Nanyang in a New Row” 99
4.5.1 Context & Background 100
4.5.2 Results & Analysis 100
4.5.3 Discussion 108
5. CONCLUSION 113
5.1 Research Limitations and Suggestions for Future Studies 115
5.2 Concluding Remarks 115
English References 117
Chinese References 127
Appendices 130
Appendix A Example 1 130
Appendix B Example 2 137
Appendix C Example 3 144
Appendix D Example 4 151
Appendix E Example 5 158
Appendix F News Articles 165
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