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研究生:羅睿筑
研究生(外文):Jui-Tsu Lo
論文名稱:探討單位層次創業導象與單位績效間中介與調節機制-以知識分享為中介變項、吸收能力為調節變項
論文名稱(外文):A Unit Level of the Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Unit Performance by Knowledge Sharing and Moderated by Absorptive Capacity
指導教授:張譯尹張譯尹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Ying Chang
口試委員:曾盛恕吳宗祐
口試委員(外文):Seng-Su Tsang
口試日期:2017-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:創業導向知識分享吸收能力單位績效
外文關鍵詞:entrepreneurial orientationunit performanceknowledge sharingabsorptive capacity
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創業導向(entrepreneurial orientation) 為企業重要的競爭能力,是近年來備受關注的議題之一,單位績效更是影響企業成功與否的關鍵。而本研究的目的為探討創業導向(entrepreneurial orientation)與單位績效(unit performance)之間的影響機制,並以更符合變項特性的觀點進行探討,其中採用知識分享(knowledge sharing)以及吸收能力(absorptive capacity)作為中介變項、調節變項進行中介機制及調節機制之探討。
本研究問卷蒐集分為高階管理職、管理職與非管理職三種來源,高階管理職樣本數為248份,管理職樣本數為248份,非管理職樣本數為577份,分別隸屬於20間公司與47個部門。本研究採用階層迴歸模型進行統計分析,而研究結果發現知識分享會透過中介效果影響創業導向與單位績效之關係、吸收能力也會透過調節式中介創業導向與知識分享之間的強度,進而影響單位績效。


關鍵字:創業導向、單位績效、知識分享、吸收能力
The purpose of this study is to explore the mechanism between entrepreneurial orientation and unit performance. Knowledge sharing is chosen as the mediator, absorptive capacity is chosen as the moderator. In this study, three versions of questionnaires were used: top manager version, manager version and non-manager version. Data were collected from multiple sources involving 248 top managers, 248 managers and 216 non-managers belonging to 20 companies and 47 units. Using regression models for data analyses, the result indicated that: knowledge sharing had mediating effects on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and unit performance, and absorptive capacity had moderating effects on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and unit performance.



Keyword: entrepreneurial orientation, unit performance, knowledge sharing, absorptive capacity.
目錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 理論基礎 4
第二節 創業導向 11
第三節 單位績效 13
第四節 知識分享 15
第五節 吸收能力 16
第六節 創業導向、知識分享與單位績效間之關係 18
第七節 創業導向、知識分享與吸收能力之調節效果 19
第八節 創業導向、單位績效、知識分享 與吸收能力之中介式調節效果 21
第三章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究對象與研究程序 23
第二節 研究變項與衡量 24
第三節 資料分析方法 27
第四章 研究分析與結果 31
第一節 描述性統計分析 31
第二節 相關分析 33
第三節 信效度分析 35
第四節 資料合併檢驗分析 38
第五節 研究假設檢驗 40
第五章 結論與討論 54
第一節 研究結果 54
第二節 學術與管理意涵 55
第三節 研究限制與未來發展 57
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………..59
附錄:研究問卷(單位高階管理職) 72
附錄:研究問卷(管理職) 74
附錄:研究問卷(非管理職) 76


圖目錄
圖 1 Cohen與Levinthal(1990)吸收能力模型 17
圖 2研究架構圖 22
圖 3 單位表現之調節作用 42
圖 4 主要競爭者績效之調節作用 43
圖 5 業務成長之調節作用 43
表目錄
表 1 各研究變項之填答者整理 24
表 2 創業導向之衡量題項 24
表 3 知識分享之衡量題項 25
表 4 單位績效之衡量題項 25
表 5 吸收能力之衡量題項 26
表 6 CFA各適配度指標與信效度之判定標準 29
表 7 描述性統計分析結果 31
表 8 各變項描述性統計分析表 33
表 9 相關分析表 34
表 10 各構面適配度指標彙整表 36
表 11 四因素模型分析表 37
表 12 各變項之rwg (j)值、ICC (1)、ICC (2) 39
表 13 單位表現迴歸分析表 44
表 14 主要競爭者績效迴歸分析表 46
表 15 業務成長迴歸分析表 48
表 16 穩健性分析 50
表 17 總效果、直接效果、間接效果 52
表 18 簡單斜率檢定 53
表 19 研究結果彙整 54
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