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研究生:寇天佑
研究生(外文):KAAKKOMAKI, LAURI TAPIO
論文名稱:從貿易看中國大陸對非洲工業化的影響:以南非爲例
論文名稱(外文):China's impact on African Industrialization in terms of Trade: The Case of South Africa
指導教授:龐建國龐建國引用關係
指導教授(外文):PANG, JIAN-GUO
口試委員:龐建國陳德昇歐陽新宜
口試委員(外文):PANG, JIAN-GUOCHEN, DE-SHENGOU-YANG, HSIN-YI
口試日期:2017-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:國家發展與中國大陸研究所中國大陸組
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
外文關鍵詞:South AfricaChinaindustrializationstrategictrade theoryeconomic development
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The debate about China’s role in Africa has gotten a lot of attention, and the media narrative often portrays China as a colonial exploiter. This is because there is a view that China only wants the valuable African natural resources and does not not contribute to the development in the region, however the Chinese and some scholars claim that China has not done any worse than its current western competitors. The consensus is that industrialization, which loosely defined means the rise of manufacturing and decline of agriculture as a percentage of GDP, is of vital importance for modernization and development of Africa. In order to have sustainable industrialization, the manufacturing sector has to be profitable in the long run, and these profits are affected by market conditions. This is where China has a huge impact, as its share of the world marker and pricing power affect many new industrializing countries, especially those that compete in the low-price categories. South Africa is an interesting case because it has large natural resource deposits as well as relatively developed economic structure, but it struggles with similar problems as the rest of Africa. This paper asserts that China’s impact on South Africa’s industrialization is a complex process determined by both economical and political factors. I will argue that the strategic trade theory explains the trade and investment patterns between South Africa and China, although the trend in latter is very recently starting to diverge from the premises. From the perspective of industrialization, China has had a net negative impact for the past decade especially in terms of employment, but there is hope that this is starting to change with China’s rising labor costs and investments into South African manufacturing sector.
f Contents
Abstract 1
Chapter 1: Introduction, Motivation and Research Question 2
1.1 Research Question 3
Chapter 2: Literature Review 3
2.1 Industrialization 4
2.2 China’s As a Growing Force on the African Continent 5
2.3 China’s Official Africa Policy 7
2.4 China as Trading and Investment Partner 9
2.4 One Belt One Road 11
Chapter 3: Theory 16
3.1 Realism and Economy 16
3.2 Neo-classical Economic and Trade Theory 19
3.3 The Washington Consensus 22
3.4 Criticism of Neo-Classical Models 23
3.5 Strategic Trade Policy 24
3.6 Criticism of the Strategic Trade Policy 28
3.7 Strategic Trade Policy and Developing Countries 29
3.8 Summary of Theories and Operationalization 32
3.9 Causal Mechanism and Hypotheses 35
Chapter 4: Research Design 39
4.1 Methodology 39
4.2 Case Selection 39
4.3 Operationalization Variables 40
4.4 Sources and Data Collection 42
Chapter 5: Analysis 43
5.1 China and South Africa Relations 43
5.2 Trade Patterns Between South Africa and China 48
5.3 Recent History of Chinese Investment in South Africa 52
5.4 Industrial Policy of South Africa 57
5.5 Challenges Facing the Manufacturing Sector 59
5.5 Inclusiveness of Industrialization: South Africa’s Unemployment Problem 63
Chapter 6: Results 66
6.1 Cross-case Analysis 66
6.2 Conclusions 71
References 73


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