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研究生:仲珮瑜
研究生(外文):CHUNG, PEI-YU
論文名稱:都市化對洪災回復力影響之研究—以臺北市為例
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Urbanization on Flood Resilience-A Case Study of Taipei City
指導教授:王思樺王思樺引用關係
指導教授(外文):WANG, SZU-HUA
口試委員:閻克勤李俊霖
口試委員(外文):YEN, KE-CHINLEE, CHUN-LIN
口試日期:2017-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:巿政暨環境規劃學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:118
中文關鍵詞:氣候變遷都市化回復力地理資訊系統
外文關鍵詞:Climate changeUrbanizationResilienceGeographic Information Systems
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:518
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:77
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在全球氣候變遷的影響下,人類正面臨著因環境變異伴隨而來的各種災害與衝擊,而都市地區因都市化發展與人口高度聚集,一旦遭受極端氣候衝擊,影響更為嚴重,是氣候變遷與環境危害的高風險地區。近年來,氣候變遷議題受到重視,空間規劃領域開始提出透過生態回復力概念來研究都市受到氣候變遷的影響與反應。然而,目前相關研究僅提及回復力概念,或建立回復力指標進行評估,缺乏回復力概念中的干擾前後影響分析,而與氣候變遷相關之都市化研究亦大多以脆弱度為主,較少關注都市化與回復力間之變化關係。
因此,本研究以都市化為前提,探討都市化定義、產生之問題及評估指標,亦探討回復力理論及探討各領域之回復力;其次,以臺北市為研究對象,探討不同時期之都市化歷程,同時建置回復力影響因子系統,以分析臺北市都市化過程與回復力之關係;最後,透過地理資訊系統的疊圖分析,探究臺北市在長時間都市化發展下對回復力影響之時空變化。
Under the effect of global climate change, human is facing the impact of disasters due to environmental variation. Because of continuous acceleration of urbanization and higher concentration of population, urban areas are high-risk regions of climate change and environmental hazards. Major catastrophes may occur when urban areas suffer from extreme weathers. Recently, climate change issues have been emphasized in the spatial planning field, studying the impacts and responses of urban areas on climate change from the concept of ecosystem resilience. However, recent research focused on the theory of resilience and developed resilience index analysis frameworks, neglecting before and after analyses of impacts of disturbances. The relative research of urbanization on climate change also rarely investigated the relationships between urbanization and resilience.
Therefore, this study reviews the definitions of urbanization, including its problems and evaluation indices, and the theory of resilience in different fields. Then, the relationships between urbanization and resilience at different periods of time are analyzed by taking Taipei City as the study area. Finally, the changes of the impact factors of resilience under the effects of the development and the long-term urbanization of Taipei City are evaluated spatio-temporally via the geographic information system.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範圍 2
第三節 研究內容與流程 3
第四節 研究方法與工具 6
第五節 研究限制 8
第二章 文獻回顧 9
第一節 都市化現象 9
第二節 回復力理論與相關研究 17
第三章 研究設計 33
第一節 研究架構 33
第二節 影響因子體系之建立 35
第三節 研究操作 40
第四章 臺北市自然環境與社會經濟發展分析 43
第一節 自然環境分析 43
第二節 社會經濟發展分析 45
第三節 土地使用分析 54
第四節 基礎設施分析 58
第五章 實證分析 63
第一節 臺北市都市化分析 63
第二節 臺北市回復力分析 79
第三節 臺北市都市化對回復力影響分析 90
第六章 結論與建議 95
第一節 結論 95
第二節 後續建議 96
參考文獻 99
一、中文文獻
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11.郭彥廉、謝雯惠、蕭代基、廖楷民,2008,「都會區震災社會易損性因子分析」,『2008台灣災害管理研討會』,37-38。
12.楊靜怡,2009,「颱洪災害回復力之評估:以台中市、台中縣龍井鄉與東勢鎮為例」,國立臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系碩士論文,臺北。
13.詹昀潔,2014,「都市化對都市脆弱度影響之分析-以台北都會區1971年~2011年之洪災為例」,國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文,臺北。
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16.臺北市政府,2015,「104年度臺北市災害防救深耕第2期計畫總結報告」,臺北市政府。
17.劉婧、史培軍、葛怡、王靜愛、呂洪峰,2006a,「災害回復力研究進展綜述」,『地球科學進展』,21(2):211-218。
18.劉婧、方偉華、葛怡、王靜愛、盧星月、史培軍,2006b,「區域水災恢復力及水災風險管理研究-以湖南省洞庭湖區為例」,『自然災害學報』,15(6):56-61。
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二、英文文獻
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2.Adger, W. N., 2000, Social and ecological resilience: Are they related?, Progress in Human Geography, 24(3): 347-364.
3.Adger, W. N., Brooks, N., Kelly, M., Bentham, G., Agnew, M. and Bentham, G., 2004, New indicators of vulnerability and adaptive capacity, Tyndall centre technical report7.
4.Antrop, M, 2004, Landscape Change and The Urbanization Process in Europe, Landscape and Urban Planning, 67: 9-26.
5.Briguglio, L., Cordina, G., Farrugia, N. and Vella, S., 2001, Economic Vulnerability and Resilience: concepts and measurements, Oxford Development Studies, 37(3): 229–247.
6.Beckman, M., 2006, Resilience society, vulnerable people: A study of disaster response and recovery from floods in central Vietnam, Doctoral thesis Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala.
7.Bolca, M., Turkyilmaz, B., Kurucu, Y. et al. Environ Monit Assess, 2007, Determination of Impact of Urbanization on Agricultural Land and Wetland Land Use in Balçovas’ Delta by Remote Sensing and GIS Technique, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 131(1): 409-419.
8.Cutter, S. L., Boruff, B. J., and Shirley, W. L., 2003, Social vulnerability to environmental hazards, Social Science Quarterly, 84(2): 242-261.
9.Cutter, S. L., Barnes, L., Berry, M., Burton, C., Evans, E., Tate, E., and Webb J., 2008, A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disasters, Global Environmental Change, 18(4): 598-606.
10.Donald O. Cowgill, 1974, The Aging of Populations and Societies, The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 415(1).
11.Folke, C., 2006, Resilience: the emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyses, Global Environmental Change, 16(3): 253–267.
12.Gunderson, L.H., Holling, C.S.,(Eds.), 2002, Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems, Island Press.
13.Grimm, N. B., Faeth, S. H., Golubiewski, N. E., Redman, C. L., Wu, J., Bai, X., Reiggs, J. M., 2008, Global Change and the Ecology of Cities. Science, Science, 319: 756-760.
14.Holling, C. S., 1973, Resilience and stability of ecological systems, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4(1): 1–23.
15.Holling, C. S., D. W. Schindler, B. H. Walker and J. Rough garden, 1995, Biodiversity in the functioning of ecosystems: an ecological primer and synthesis, ecological and economic issues, 44-83.
16.Hasse, J. E., Lathrop, R. G., 2003, Land resource impact indicators of urban sprawl, Applied Geography, 23: 159-175.
17.Herng-Ching Lin, Yen-Ju Lin, Tsai-Ching Liu, 2007, Urbanization and place of death for the elderly: a 10-year population-based study, European Association for Palliative Care, 21(8).
18.Hung, W. C., Chen, Y .C. & Cheng, K. S., 2010, Comparing landcover patterns in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Taipei using ALOS multispectral images, Landscape and Urban Planning, 97(2): 132-145.
19.Hofmann, Anett; Wan, Guanghua, 2013, Determinants of Urbanization, ADB Economics Working Paper Series, 355.
20.Janssen, M. A., Schoon, M. L., Ke, W., Borner, K., 2006, Scholarly networks on resilience, vulnerability and adaptation within the human dimensions of global environmental change, Global Environmental Change, 16(3): 240–252.
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24..Lambin, E. F., et al., 2001, The causes of land-use and land-cover change: moving beyond the myths, Global Environmental Change, 11: 261-269.
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30.Rose, A., 2006, Economic resilience to disasters: Toward a consistent and comprehensive formulation., In: Paton, D. and Johnston, D. (Eds.), Disaster resilience: An integrated approach, Illinois, 226-244.
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33.Shahab Fazal, 2000, Urban expansion and loss of agricultural land - a GIS based study of Saharanpur City, India, International Institute for Environment and Development, 12(2).
34.Sheng, J. & Wilson, J.P. Nat Hazards, 2009, Watershed urbanization and changing flood behavior across the Los Angeles metropolitan region, Natural Hazards, 48(1):41-57.
35.Seto, K. C., Satterthwaite, D., 2010, Interactions between urbanization and global environmental change, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2: 127-128.
36.Schelfaut, K., Pannemans, B., van der Craats, I., Krywkow, J., Mysiak, J., Cools,
J., 2011, Bringing flood resilience into pratice: the FREEMAN project., Environmental Science and Policy, 14(7): 825-833.
37.Sheng-Chieh Pan, Po-Chin Wu, 2011, Geographic Location, Urbanization and Health Care Demand: Evidence from Taiwanese Cities/Counties Panel Data, The Empirical Economics Letters, 10(2): 135-143.
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三、網站資料
1.臺北市維基百科https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%87%BA%E5%8C%97%E5%B8%82#.E5.9C.B0.E5.BD.A2
2.臺北市政府都市發展局(全市發展概況)http://www.udd.gov.taipei/pages/detail.aspx?Node=5&Page=1480&Index=0
3.臺灣氣候變遷推估與資訊平台
https://tccip.ncdr.nat.gov.tw/v2/past_typhoon.aspx
4.中華民國縣市重要指標查詢系統
http://statdb.dgbas.gov.tw/pxweb/Dialog/statfile9.asp


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