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研究生:吳昭慶
研究生(外文):Wu,Chao Ching
論文名稱:資源回收工作者噪音暴露與健康效應之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study On The Noise And Dust Exposure Experienced By The Resources Recycling Workers.
指導教授:趙寶強趙寶強引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chao, Pao Chiang
口試委員:莊侑哲吳佩芬
口試委員(外文):Chuang, Yu CheWu, Pei Fen
口試日期:2017-07-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大仁科技大學
系所名稱:環境管理研究所
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:資源回收
外文關鍵詞:Recycling
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資源回收業製程中將事業廢棄物分類再經由人工拆解、壓縮、進行粗破碎及細粉碎等處理過程中;工作者暴露於各種化學性、物理性危害值得吾人重視與關注,本研究目的在瞭解資源回收工作者;其噪音與粉塵暴露對工作者聽力之健康效應與暴露劑量之關係,研究方法使用職業衛生理論作業環境監測;與生物偵測(勞工純音聽力檢查)進行統計分析與研究,研究結果發現資源回收製程在篩選區噪音(TWA)為92dBA;集塵區與冰箱區作業噪音介於86-87 dBA已達特殊危害健康作業範圍;粉塵作業在回收區最高為0.43mg/m3;其次是冰箱區的0.32 mg/m3與資訊區的0.21 mg/m3對照區粉塵濃度為0.11 mg/m3符合職業安全衛生法規範範圍,在現場作業員工聽力閾值方面:平均聽力閾值為23dBA;噪音組平均聽力閾值為26 dBA;次為噪音粉塵組聽力閾值為28 dBA;對照組為19 dBA三組聽力閾值差異以達統計上顯著差異,建議政府與業者在員工呼吸與聽力防護器具之規範作更嚴謹之規範與改善,此外在製程中篩選時振動與金屬粉塵相當複雜;所以本研究有必要做更深入大規模之調查與研究。


During resources recycling processes, wasted materials were classified before they went through the dismembering ,pressuring, breaking and powdering processes. The fact that the recycling workers exposed to all kinds of chemical as well as physical hazards worth our concerns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of noise and dust exposures on the hearing ability of the recycling workers. Environmental monitoring was used as the research method and biological monitoring( hearing inspection ) was used to conduct the statistical analysis and research.
Results showed that the noise level(TWA) in the screening section of the recycling process was 92dBA while the noise levels in the dust collecting and refrigerators sections were in the range of 86 and 87dBA, all reached specific hazardous to health limit. Dust levels in the retrieving, refrigerators, informative and corresponding sections were found to be 0.43, 0.32, 0.21, and 0.11mg/m³, respectively, all were within the regulation standard. As far as the hearing thresholds of the in-situ workers were concerned ,the average hearing threshold was found to be 23dBA while the hearing threshold for the noise group, the noise-dust group and the corresponding group were 26, 28 and 19dBA, respectively. The differences in hearing thresholds had statistical significances that need to be taken care of by the authorities when selecting respiratory and hearing protective equipment. As for the effects of oscillations and metal dusts occurred during the screening process on the hearing and respiratory functions, they were not discussed in this research due to the complexities in nature, but will be investigated in the future.
Keywords: occupational noise, respiratory dust, resources recycling


摘要 Ⅰ
Abstract Ⅱ
謝誌 Ⅲ
目錄 Ⅳ
圖目錄 Ⅵ
表目錄 Ⅶ
第一章 前言 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻探討 3
第一節 噪音對工作者健康效應 3
第二節 粉塵的危害 8
第三節 資源回收製程 14
3-5廢液晶電視 21
3-6電風扇 22
第三章 材料方法 23
第一節 研究設計 23
第二節 研究對象 24
第三節 研究工具與方法 25
第四節 資料分析 30
第四章 結果 31
第一節 噪音暴露監測…………………………………………..…..31
第二節 生物監測(健康檢查) 33
第五章 討 論 36
第六章 結 論 39
參考文獻……….………………...……………………………………….41
附表一 粉塵作業場所 45
附錄一 噪音調查問卷 49





圖目錄
圖1:資源回收流程…………………………………………………… 14
圖2:平板電腦拆解流程圖 ……………………………………………16
圖3:廢電視機拆解物料一覽圖……………………………………… 17
圖4:廢電冰箱拆解物料一覽圖……………………………………… 18
圖5:廢洗衣機拆解物料一覽圖……………………………………… 19
圖6:廢冷暖氣機拆解物料一覽圖…………………………………… 20
圖7:廢液晶電視拆解物料一覽圖 …………… …………………… 21
圖8:廢電風扇拆解物料一覽圖……………………………………… 22
圖9:論文架構………………………………………………………… 24
圖10:鋁製旋風分離器採樣系列組合 ………………………………28圖11:三片式濾紙匣與SKC鋁製旋風分離器組裝…………………… 28
圖12:聽力檢測………………………………………………………… 29
圖13:純音聽力檢測方法………………………………………………29
圖14資源回收作業員工各分類聽力閥值分析 …………………… 35

表目錄
表1勞工噪音暴露容許時間 ……………………………………………6
表2空氣中粉塵容許濃度……………………………………………… 26
表3作業環境噪音分析 …………………………………………………31
表4現場工作者噪音劑量值 ……………………………………………32
表5可呼吸粉塵暴露情形……………………………………………… 33
表6資源回收員工各分類聽力閥值 ………………………………… 34
表7噪音、粉塵加噪音與對造組三組聽力閥值數據………………… 35


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