跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.38.248) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/11/27 07:51
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:柯耀庭
研究生(外文):KO, YAO-TING
論文名稱:從科學與神學探討對自由意志的正反觀點及其可能之涵義
論文名稱(外文):Opposing Viewpoints on Free Will and Their Implications - A Study from Scientific and Theological Perspectives
指導教授:彭盛有彭盛有引用關係
指導教授(外文):PENG, SHENG-YU
口試委員:阮凱文周學信
口試委員(外文):YUAN, KAI-WEN
口試日期:2017-05-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:基督教台灣浸會神學院
系所名稱:基督教神學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:宗教學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:自由意志決定論相容性科學與神學
外文關鍵詞:Free WillDeterminismCompatibilityScience and Theology
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:319
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:55
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  自由意志歷久以來是一個重要的神學議題,因其關乎救贖以及上帝的主權。另一方面,因對人類行為以及人腦研究的蓬勃發展,自由意志如今也在科學的研究中成為重要的議題。本文的目的是透過同時探討神學和科學領域對自由意志的觀點,期能對此議題的可能解答有更完整的看法。本文首先討論神學上對自由意志的幾種重要看法,並指出奧古斯丁對自由意志和上帝主權並存的相容性看法是較適切的。接續討論的是,因科學的發展與成果所激起的來自於決定論、化約主義、以及實證層面等對自由意志存在的挑戰。本文的討論反駁了來自於科學的挑戰,並進一步顯示出自由意志和這些挑戰之間的相容性。分別探討神學和科學上對自由意志的看法之後,本文指出兩領域中的相容性的共通之處;並討論自由意志和決定論範疇的因子對彼此的影響。本文對自由意志這個神學上重要且歷史悠久的議題,提供了科學的新視角;並指出神學和科學對於自由意志議題以及對彼此領域所可能具有的獨特貢獻。
The problem of free will has been an important theological issue for long, because it is strongly related to salvation and the sovereignty of God. Recently, because of the significant progress in the study of human behavior and the brain, free will has also become an important research theme in science. In this thesis, we aimed to understand free will more clearly by discussing both theological and scientific viewpoints on it. We first discussed several important viewpoints about free will in theology, and pointed out that St. Augustine’s theory of free will, which maintains that free will and the sovereignty of God are compatible, is the most appropriate one. Then we discussed scientific challenges to free will from determinism, reductionism, and empirical studies. Our conclusions not only rejected the validity of those challenges and supported the existence of free will, but also indicated that free will is compatible with those challenges. We further discussed the similarities between the compatibility in theology and that in science. Also, we discussed what determinism could affect free will, and vice versa. Finally, we identified what scientific and theological studies could have their unique contributions to the problem of free will.
目次
題頁 i
核准書 ii
獻頁 iii
中文摘要 iv
英文摘要 v
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究目的與重要性 1
第二節 文獻探討 5
一、神學對自由意志的否定觀點 5
二、神學對自由意志的肯定觀點 6
三、科學對自由意志的否定觀點 9
四、科學對自由意志的肯定觀點 10
第三節 研究方法與研究範圍 13
第二章 神學對自由意志的看法
第一節 奧古斯丁 15
一、自由意志與罪惡 15
二、自由意志與道德責任 17
三、自由意志與上帝的預知 18
四、自由意志與上帝的恩典 19
五、小結(奧古斯丁) 21
第二節 伊拉斯姆
一、自由意志是一種選擇 22
二、自由意志與必然性 22
三、自由意志與上帝的恩典 24
四、自由意志與上帝的義 24
五、小結(伊拉斯姆) 25
第三節 馬丁路德
一、路德對自由意志的定義 25
二、自由意志與上帝的救贖 26
三、自由意志與罪 28
四、小結(馬丁路德) 30
第四節 相容性─自由意志與恩典 30
第三章 來自科學的挑戰及對挑戰的反駁
第一節 界定與挑戰 32
第二節 決定論的挑戰及對其之反駁 34
第三節 化約主義的挑戰及對其之反駁 37
第四節 實證研究的挑戰及對其之反駁 40
第五節 自由意志和科學的相容性 46
一、自由意志與決定論的相容性 46
二、自由意志與化約主義的相容性 49
三、自由意志與實證研究的相容性 50
四、自由意志與物質界的相容性 ─ 心物因果性 52
第四章 綜合討論
第一節 決定論因子影響自由意志 59
第二節 自由意志影響決定論因子 63
第三節 道德責任與行為的發動 65
第五章 結論 69
參考書目錄 73

參考書目
書籍
Bargh, John A. “Free Will Is Un-natural.” In Are We Free: Psychology and Free Will, ed. John Baer, James C. Kaufman and Roy F. Baumeister, 128-154. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Cortez, Marc. Theological Anthropology: A Guide for the Perplexed. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2010.
Erasmus, Desiderius, and Martin Luther. Erasmus and Luther: The Battle over Free Will. Edited by Clarence H. Miller. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company, 2012.
Feinberg, John, Norman Geisler, Bruce Reichenbach, and Clark Pinnock. Predestination & Free Will: Four Views of Divine Sovereignty & Human Freedom. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1986.
Geisler, Norman L. Chosen but Free: A Balanced View of God’s Sovereignty and Free Will (3rd Edition). Grand Rapids, MI: Bethany House Publishers, 2010.
Heil, John. “Mental Causation.” In The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind, ed. Stephen P. Stich and Ted A. Warfield, 214-234. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2003.
Kane, Robert, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Free Will (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Luther, Martin, and Desiderius Erasmus. Luther and Erasmus: Free Will and Salvation. Translated and edited by Gordon Rupp and Philip S. Watson. Philadelphia, PA: The Westminster Press, 1969.
Nahmias, Eddy. “Scientific Challenges to Free Will.” In A Companion to the Philosophy of Action, ed. Timothy O’Connor and Constantine Sandis, 345-356. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
St. Augustine. The Problem of Free Choice. Translated by Dom Mark Pontifex. Westminster, MD: The Newman Press, 1955.
St. Augustine. “On Grace and Free Will.” In A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, Vol. V, Saint Augustine Anti-Pelagian Writings, ed. Philip Schaff, 436-465. New York, NY: The Christian Literature Company, 1887.
Walter, Henrik. “Contributions of Neuroscience to the Free Will Debate: From Random Movement to Intelligible Action.” In The Oxford Handbook of Free Will,2nd ed., ed. Robert Kane, 515-529. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2011.

期刊
Aharoni, Eyal, Chadd Funk, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Michael Gazzaniga. “Can Neurological Evidence Help Courts Assess Criminal Responsibility? Lessons from Law and Neuroscience.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1124 (2008): 145-60.
Anderson, Philip. “More is Different.” Science 177, no. 4047 (1973): 393.
Árnason, Gardar. “Neuroscience, Free Will and Moral Responsibility.” TRAMES: A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 15, no. 2 (2011): 147-155.
Badre, David, Joshua Hoffman, Jeffrey W. Cooney, and Mark D’Esposito. “Hierarchical Cognitive Control Deficits Following Damage to the Human Frontal Lobe,” Natural Neuroscience 12, no. 4 (2009): 515-522.
Bargh, John A. and Brian D. Earp. “The Will Is Caused Not Free.” Dialogue: Newsletter of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology 24, no. 1 (2009): 13.
Baumeister, Roy F. and Andrew E. Monroe. “Recent Research on Free Will: Conceptualizations, Beliefs, and Processes.” Advances In Experimental Social Psychology 50 (2014): 4.
Brass, Marcel, Margaret T. Lynn, Jelle Demanet, and Davide Rigon. “Imaging Volition: What the Brain Can Tell Us about the Will.” Experimental Brain Research 229, no. 3 (2013): 301-12.
Brass, Marcel and Patrick Haggard, “The What, When, Whether Model of Intentional Action,” The Neuroscientist 14, no. 4 (2008): 319-25.
Cashmore, Anthony R. “The Lucretian swerve: The Biological Basis of Human Behavior and the Criminal Justice System.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, no. 10 (2010): 4499-4504.
Clarke, Peter G. H. “The Libet Experiment and Its Implications for Conscious Will.” Faraday Paper 17 (2013): 1-4.
Eriks, Garrett J. “Luther and Erasmus: The Controvercy Concerning the Bondge of the Will” Protestant Reformed Theological Journal XXXII (1999): 26-49.
Filevich, Elisa, Simone Kuhn, and Patrick Haggard. “Intentional Inhibition in Human Action: The Power of ‘No’.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 36 (2012): 1107-18.
Gazzaniga, Michael and Megan Steven. “Neuroscience and the Law.” Scientific American Mind (2005): 42-49.
Haggard, Patrick. “Human Volition: Towards a Neuroscience of Will.” Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9 (2008): 934-46.
Ko, Yao-Ting and Jeff Miller. “Signal-Related Contributions to Stopping-Interference Effects in Selective Response Inhibition.” Experimental Brain Research 228, no. 2 (2013): 205-12.
Ko, Yao-Ting, Shih-Kuen Cheng, and Chi-Hung Juan. “Voluntarily-Generated Unimanual Preparation Is Associated with Stopping Success: Evidence from LRP and Lateralized Mu ERD before the Stop Signal.” Psychological Research 79, no. 2 (2015): 249-58.
Layde, Joseph B., and Laura W. Roberts. “Book Forum: The Ethic Brain.” American Journal of Psychiatry 163, no. 4 (2006): 751.
Libet, Benjamin. “Unconscious Cerebral Initiative and the Role of Conscious Will in Voluntary Action.” The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1985): 529-66.
Libet, Benjamin, Curtis A. Gleason, Elwood W. Wright, and Dennis, K Pearl. “Time of Conscious Intention to Act in Relation to Onset of Cerebral Activity (Readiness-Potential).” Brain 106 (1983): 623-42.
Lowe, E. J. “Non-Cartesian Substance Dualism and The Problem of Mental Causation.” Erkenntnis 65 (2006): 5.
Perlovsky, Leonid. “Free Will and Advances in Cognitive Science.” Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2012): 32-37.
Roland P. E., B. Larsen, N. A. Lassen, and E. Skinhoj. “Supplementary Motor Area and Other Cortical Areas in Organization of Voluntary Movements in Man.” Journal of Neurophysiology 43 (1980): 118-36.
Roskies, Adina. “Neuroscientific Challenges to Free Will and Responsibility.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10, no. 9 (2006): 419-23.
Roskies, Adina. “How Does Neuroscience Affect Our Conception of Volition?” The Annual Review of Neuroscience 33 (2010): 109-30.
Soon, Chun Siong, Marcel Brass, Hans-Jochen Heinze, and John-Dylan Haynes. “Unconscious Determinants of Free Decisions in the Human Brain.” Nature Neuroscience 11 (2008): 543-45.
Verbruggen, Frederick and Gordon D. Logan. “Response Inhibition in the Stop-Signal Paradigm.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12, no. 11 (2008): 418-24.
Wegner, Daniel. “The Mind’s Best Trick: How We Experience Conscious Will.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7, no. 2 (2003): 65-9.

研討會論文
Kimmerle, Heinz. “The Arguments of Erasmus in His Debate with Luther about Free Will.” 論文發表於國立中央大學哲學所講座─宗教改革五百年紀念:國際大師講座系列,中壢,2015/12/7。

網路書籍
Erasmus, Desiderius. “The Free Will.” In Erasmus-Luther: Discourse on Free Will, ed. Ernst F. Winter, 1-94. New York, NY: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., Inc., 1989. http://www.yavanika.org/classes/reader/erasmus.pdf (accessed June 30, 2016).
Luther, Martin. The Bondage of the Will. Translated by Henry Cole, 1823. https://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/sdg/pdf/luther_arbitrio.pdf (accessed June 30, 2016).
Myers, David G. The Human Puzzle: Psychological Research and Christian Belief. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row Publishers, 1978. http://www.davidmyers.org/ davidmyers/assets/The%20Human%20Puzzle%20by%20David%20G%20Myers.pdf (accessed June 27, 2016).
St. Augustine. “Enchiridion.” In Online Library of Liberty: A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church Vol. III. http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/augustine-a-select-library-of-the-nicene-and-post-nicene-fathers-of-the-christian-church-vol-3 (accessed February 13, 2017).

網路文章
Baumeister, Roy F. “Do You Really Have Free Will.” http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/09/free_will_debate_what_does_free will_mean_and_how_did_it_evolve.html (accessed February 19, 2017).
Cheah, Fook Meng. “A Review of Luther and Erasmus: Free Will and Salvation.” http://www.prca.org/prtj/nov95b.html (accessed August 5, 2016).
Church of Scotland - Church and Society Council. “Neurobiology, Free Will and Moral Responsibility.” http://www.churchofscotland.org.uk/__data/assets/ pdf_file/0004/9589/Neuroethics_2012.pdf (accessed June 27, 2016).
Churchland, Patricia S. “Moral Decision-Making and the Brain.” http://patriciachurchland.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/2011_MoralDecisionMaking.pdf (accessed June 27, 2016).
Gatiss, Lee. “The Manifesto of the Reformation: Luther vs. Erasmus on Free Will.” http://archive.churchsociety.org/churchman/documents/Cman_123_3_Gatiss.pdf (accessed September 2, 2016).
Montgomery, John W. “The Freewill Issue in Theological Perspective.” Global Journal of Classical Theology 8, no. 2 (2010): 1-9. http://www.globaljournalct.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/JWMontgomery-Free-Will.pdf (accessed September 2, 2016).
O’Reilly, Randall C. “Physical Reductionism.” http://psych.colorado.edu/~oreilly/cecn/node9.html (accessed March 1, 2017).
Robb, David. “Could Mental Causation Be Invisible?” http://choise80.khu.ac.kr/workshop201205/David_Robb_ft.pdf (accessed April 7, 2017).
Santos, Carmelo. “The Bondage and Freedom of the Will.” Zygon Center for Religion and Science: The Learning Module of the Brain. http://zygoncenter.org/wp-content/uploads/BrainPrimer3-LtrHd.pdf?c19f2d (accessed July 15, 2016).

網路資料庫文章
McKenna, Michael and D. Justin Coates. “Compatibilism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/compatibilism/ (accessed March 1, 2017).
Mendelson, Michael. “St. Augustine.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/augustine/ (accessed January 12, 2017).
Nauert, Charles. “Desiderius Erasmus.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/ archives/win2012/entries/erasmus/ (accessed August 7, 2016).
Robb, David and John Heil, “Mental Causation.” Standford Encyclopidia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mental-causation/ (accessed March 3, 2017).


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top