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研究生:林昀臻
研究生(外文):LIN, YUN-CHEN
論文名稱:休耕補貼與內生成長
論文名稱(外文):Fallow Subsidy and Endogenous Growth
指導教授:朱巡朱巡引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHU, HSUN
口試委員:胡士文廖培賢朱巡
口試委員(外文):Hu, Shih-WenLiaw, Peir-ShyanCHU, HSUN
口試日期:2017-06-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:經濟系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:23
中文關鍵詞:休耕補貼內生成長社會福利
外文關鍵詞:fallow subsidyendogenous growthwelfare
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本論文建構一個以農業生產部門為基礎的內生成長模型,據以分析政府休耕補貼政策對經濟成長率及社會福利之影響。本文主要特色為將民眾休耕決策內生化,取決於政府的休耕補貼政策、土壤的生產力以及所得稅率。政府將所得稅收分配於休耕補貼或是直接從事地力維護。我們有以下發現:一、政府不論是提高休耕補貼或是提高所得稅率,對經濟成長和社會福利皆有不確定的影響;二、福利極大時的最適休耕補貼支出比例大於成長率極大時的補貼支出比例;三、福利極大時的最適所得稅率大於成長率極大時的所得稅率;最後,在以台灣資料為基礎的數值分析中我們發現,政府能藉由減少休耕補貼支出,或者提高所得稅率來提升經濟成長率與社會福利。
This dissertation establishes an endogenous growth model with an agriculture-specific factor (land). Individuals make fallow decisions based on the fallow subsidy policy, the productivity of the land factor, and the income tax rate. The government allocates its income tax revenues between subsidizing fallow land and directly maintaining land fertility. We investigate the effects of the fallow subsidy and income tax on economic growth and welfare. Our main findings are as follows. First, both raising the fallow subsidy and income tax rate have ambiguous effects on growth and welfare. Second, the welfare-maximizing proportion of fallow subsidy is higher than the growth-maximizing proportion of fallow subsidy. Third, the welfare-maximizing income tax rate is higher than the growth-maximizing income tax rate. Lastly, by calibrating the parameters using Taiwan data, our numerical analysis shows that decreasing fallow subsidy or increasing the income tax rate can enhance growth and welfare.
摘要
Abstract

目錄 i
圖目錄 ii

壹、緒論與文獻回顧 1

貳、理論模型之建構 4

參、政府提高休耕補貼支出比例與所得稅率對經濟成長率的影響 7

肆、政府提高休耕補貼支出比例與所得稅率對社會福利的影響 8

伍、數值分析討論 13
一、政府政策之成長率與福利效果 13
二、休耕補貼支出比例與所得稅率之變動對成長率之影響 14
三、休耕補貼支出比例與所得稅率之變動對福利之影響 16

陸、模型之可能延伸 19
一、開放與封閉經濟模型之討論 19
二、所得稅率之討論 19

柒、結論與建議 21

附錄 22

參考文獻 23
孫鈺峰、胡士文(2012),「休耕政策的環境保護與經濟成長效果」,《農業與經濟》,49,37-70。
陳郁蕙 (1999),「休耕之直接補貼對我國稻農生產決策之影響」,國立台灣大學農業經濟研究所。
陳郁蕙 (2001),「異質經營能力對稻農參與休耕補貼政策意願之影響」,國立台灣大學農業經濟研究所。
戴孟宜、呂麗蓉、胡士文與王葳(2009),「農業政策與內生成長」,《應用經濟論叢》,85,1-45。
Aghion, P., U. Akcigit and J. Fernndez-Villaverde (2013), “Optimal capital versus labor taxation with innovation-led growth”, NBER Working Paper 19086.
Economides, G. and A. Philippopoulos (2008), “Growth enhancing policy is the means to sustain the environment”, Review of Economic Dynamics, 11, 207-219.
Greiner, A. (1998), “Fiscal policy in an endogenous growth model with public investment: A note”, Journal of Economics, 68, 193-198.
Greiner, A. (2006), “Progressive taxation, public capital, and endogenous growth”, FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, 62(3), 353-366.
Grepperud, S. (1997), “Soil conservation as an investment in land”, Journal of Development Economics, 54, 455-467.
Gupta, M. R. and T. R. Barman (2009), “Fiscal policies, environmental pollution and economic growth”, Economic Modelling, 26, 1018-1028.
Klarl, T. (2016), “Pollution externalities, endogenous health and the speed of convergence in an endogenous growth model”, Journal of Macroeconomics, 50, 98-113.
Lai C. C. and C. H. Liao (2012), “Optimal nonlinear income taxation with productive government expenditure”, International Review of Economics and Finance, 22, 66-77.
Lucas, R. E., Jr. (1988), “On the mechanics of economic development”, Journal of Monetary Economics, 22, 3-42.
Romer, P. (1986), “Increasing returns and long-run growth”, Journal of Political Economy, 94, 1002-1037.
Shieh, J. Y., C. C. Lai and W.Y. Chang (2002), “The impact of military burden on long-run growth and welfare”, Journal of Development Economics, 68, 443-454.
Tai, M. Y., C. C. Chao, L. J. Lu, S. W. Hu and V. Wang (2016), “Land conservation, growth and welfare”, North American Journal of Economics and Finance, 38, 102-110.
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