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研究生:林麗仙
研究生(外文):AURELIA MARIA DANIELLE BUDIMAN
論文名稱:印尼與台灣在印尼移工上的發展
論文名稱(外文):Development of Indonesia and Taiwan in the Substance of Indonesian Migrant Workers
指導教授:林若雩林若雩引用關係
指導教授(外文):Joyce Juo-Yu Lin, Ph.D
口試委員:蔡青龍楊聰榮
口試委員(外文):Ching-lung TsayEdwin Yang
口試日期:2017-01-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:臺灣與亞太研究全英語碩士學位學程
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:非正式關係印尼移工人力合作
外文關鍵詞:Unofficial Diplomatic RelationsIndonesian Migrant WorkersManpower Cooperation
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印尼與台灣之間並無正式外交或「有文件可證」之關係。但兩國成功在經貿、社會文化與人力合作等領域維持合作關係,尤其是在移工議題上。
本論文集中於討論台印關係中之發展議題,尤其是印尼移工之相關發展,因印尼移工現為台灣外籍移工中人數最多者。印尼移工也認為台灣為最適合印尼移工的景點之一。本論文將使用數個架構,如當代關於移民經濟之文獻、先期契約(Promissory Contract)、與對勞工關係之正面觀點,以描述其現況,。
本論文之評估顯示台灣可列為對印尼移工來說最理想的工作環境之一,不論是在薪資上,或是在對勞工的對待上,雖然尚有應改進之處,如宗教相關的議題。
關鍵字:非正式關係;印尼移工;人力合作
Indonesia and Taiwan are two states with no official or “undocumented” state relations. However, both states have successfully managed cooperative relations in the fields of economics, socio cultural, and manpower, including migrant workers.
This thesis focuses on the issue of human development within the relations of Indonesia and Taiwan, specifically the Indonesian migrant workers’ development, as they are the biggest group of migrant workers currently working in Taiwan, which is considered as one of the ideal working place for Indonesian migrant workers. To illustrate this situation, several frameworks including the Modern Literature on the Economic of Immigration, Promissory Contract (PC), and Positive View towards Labor Relationship will be used.
The assessment in this thesis reveals that Taiwan can be categorized as one of the ideal state for Indonesian migrant workers, in terms of salary and treatment for workers although certain improvements shall be applied, for instance in the Religion issue.
TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION

1.1 Thesis Initiatives 1

1.2 Research Scope and Limitations 1

1.3 Theoretical Framework 2

1.4 Literature Review 5

CHAPTER II – HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF INDONESIAN IMMIGRANTS AND WORKERS

2.1 Bilateral Relations between Indonesia and Taiwan 9

2.2 Overview in the History of Labor Migration in Taiwan 10

2.3 1990’s 11

2.4 2000’s 12

2.5 21 Century 13

CHAPTER III – THE REASON IMPACT ON TWO SIDES MIGRANT WORKERS POLICY

3.1 Reasons why Indonesian Migrant Workers Come to Taiwan 18

3.2 Taiwan’s Migrant Workers Policy 20

3.3 Indonesia’s Migrant Workers Policy 22

CHAPTER IV – TAIWAN’S NEW SOUTHBOUND POLICY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS

4.1 About the Policy 26

4.2 Will it Provide Sufficient Job 27

4.3 Resources Sharing between Two Sides 28

4.4 Will it Benefit Taiwan and Indonesia? 31

4.5 How to Improve Cultural Exchange Problem? 33

CHAPTER V – WHAT ARE THE FUTURE “WIN-WIN” MIGRANT STRATEGIES BETWEEN TWO SIDES?

5.1 Politically 36

5.2 Economically 38

5.3 Socio – Cultural 40

CONCLUSION

Final Findings 42

Recommendations 46

Future Scenario 49

REFERENCES 52
References
Books
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Meghani, Zahra, 2015. Women Migrant Workers: Ethical, Political, and Legal Problems. London: Routledge. Pg. 1973

Miles, Matthew B and A.M. Huberman. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: A Method Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication. Pg.4

Proses Jakarta. “Mengakui dan Melindungi Buruh Migran Tak Berdokumen dan Buruh Migran Perempuan Pekerja Rumah Tangga”. Dialog Tinggi Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa tetangan Migransi dan Pembangunan. (2006): 2

Schutt, Russell K. 2001. Investigating The Social World. Thousand Oaks, California: Pine Forge Press. Pg.326

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Journals

Borjas, George.J. “Economic Theory and International Migrantion”. International Migration Review. (1989). [e-journal]. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2546424 (accessed November 11th 2016)

Dickinson, David. “Recruitment Costs Brief: Taiwan”. Available from http://twc2.org.sg/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Recruitment-Costs-Taiwan2.pdf ; internet; accessed on January 14th 2017

Kabinawa,Luh Nyoman Ratih Wagiswari. “Economic-Socio Cultural Relations between Indonesia and Taiwan: an Indonesian perspective, 1990-2012”. Institute of China and Asia-Pacific Studies National Sun Yat-Sen University (2012) [e-thesis] http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/getfile?URN=etd-0604113-004307.pdf (accessed on January 14th 2017)

Liao, Shi-Hsien, Da-Chian Hu, Yu-Chun Chung, and Lilies Tasman. “ A Study of the Relationship Among Paternalistic, Leadership, Psychological Contract, and Turnover Intention on Indonesian Workers in Taiwan”. (2012). [e-journal]. http://stm.ntut.edu.tw/ezfiles/97/1097/img/1247/124674566.pdf (accessed November 11th 2016)

Paramitaningrum.”Enhancing People-to-People Cooperation between ASEAN and East Asia Countries through Counterparts: The Case of Indonesian Students in Taiwan”. Journal of ASEAN Studies 1 (2013). [e-journal] http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-440482 (accessed December 7th
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Dr. Ke, Wen Li and Dr.Hsieh, Li-Kung. “Migration and Development – Creating Taiwan’s Highly-Skilled Migration Policies”. Available from https://www.ied.edu.hk/include/getrichfile.php?key=47d259420a8b1e2df0308b30b0f7496c&secid=3776&filename=asahkconf/E064-conference%20paper%20_E064_.pdf. ; internet; accessed on January 15th 2017

Focus Taiwan. “Indonesian migrant workers paid best in Taiwan: report”. Available from http://focustaiwan.tw/news/afav/201604150020.aspx ; internet; accessed on December 3rd 2016

Migration Policy Institute. “Tradition and Progress: Taiwan’s Evolving Migration Reality”. Available from http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/tradition-and-progress-taiwans-evolving-migration-reality ; internet; accessed on January 12th 2017

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Taipei Times. “Ban on Indonesia Labor Lifted”. Available from http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2004/12/20/2003215925; Internet; accessed on September 28th 2016

Taipei Times. “ Ministry Reports Record Number of Migrant Workers”. Available from http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2015/02/09/2003611169; internet; accessed on September 28th 2016

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The Diplomat. “Taiwan Woos ASEAN Tourists in Boost for New Southbound Policy”. Available from http://thediplomat.com/2016/07/taiwan-woos-asean-tourists-in-boost-for-new-southbound-policy/ ; internet; accessed on January 14th 2017

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