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研究生:黃紹桉
研究生(外文):HUANG, SHAO-AN
論文名稱:不同認知風格對視覺工作記憶及空間組織能力之影響 : 以受過圖學訓練者為例
論文名稱(外文):Effects on Visual Working Memory and Spatial Organizing Capability in Different Cognitive Styles – Graphics Trainee as an example
指導教授:陳敏生陳敏生引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN, MIN-SHENG
口試委員:柳永青林迪意陳敏生
口試委員(外文):LIU, YUNG-CHINGLIN, DI-YICHEN, MIN-SHENG
口試日期:2017-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:工作記憶圖學訓練空間組織格式塔原理
外文關鍵詞:Working MemoryGraphics TraineeSpatial OrganizationGestalt grouping principles
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空間設計感在人類的日常生活中扮演著很重要的角色,尤其設計能力往往與空間感習習相關。日常生活中像是去學校的路、室內物品的陳設、身處在一個陌生環境等人類與周遭環境的互動中,都與空間認知有很大的關聯。 在知覺整合中,格式塔原理提供許多的組織原則。因此,本次研究中將利用格式塔原理的特性之刺激整合同時性及依序性以檢驗視覺工作記憶。本研究操弄3-5個需要被記憶的刺激,除非刺激全部出現完,否則格式塔輪廓將無法呈現。此外,本研究欲探討受過圖學訓練者對於視覺上的認知能力在不同視知覺的條件下之差異。本研究利用團體嵌圖量表將受過圖學訓練者區分成不同的認知風格(場域獨立型、場域相依型),並探討兩族群之視覺工作記憶及空間組織能力的差異。實驗利用視覺訊息作業、視覺訊息整合作業與視覺訊息辨識作業蒐集受試者的反應時間與正確率。並在實驗中操弄刺激間隔以及操弄刺激數量以檢測受試者之表現績效。本研究實驗一之結果為不同認知風格與亮度對比於視覺訊息之表現上有表現績效之差異。在實驗二與實驗三結果發現在不同呈現條件下,場域獨立型受試者的表現績效上較佳與較快的反應。而刺激間隔和刺激數量之方面,本研究則發現刺激間隔的增加會影響視覺刺激整合之表現績效;刺激數量的改變也會影響視覺刺激辨識之表現績效。未來可將實驗結果提供至研究者做為訓練視覺工作記憶容量與空間組織能力相關研究之參考。
The sense of spatial design plays an important role in the daily activities of human beings, especially the design ability, which is related to the sense of spatial perception. In everyday life, the way to the school, indoor decorator and living in an alien environment such as human interaction with the surrounding environment. They all have a great association with spatial cognitive ability. The different ways of presenting, sequentially/simultaneous, were manipulated to explore the VWM in the present study. This study will examine how VWM integrates sequentially/simultaneous presented stimuli by focusing on the role of Gestalt principles, which are important organizing principles in perceptual integration. This study used the level of Gestalt cues among 3-5 sequentially/simultaneous presented objects that were memorized. The Gestalt principle could not emerge until all the objects appeared. The purpose of this study was to explore the differences in visual cognition of spatial design trainee under different visual perception conditions. The present study classified the spatial design trainee into different cognitive style groups (field-independent and field-dependent) by Group Embeded Figures Test(GEFT). Additionally, the present study also explored their differences in VWM and spatial organization ability. Three experiments were used in the present study: visual information task(VIT), visual information integration task(VIIT) and visual information recognition task(VIRT), respectively. Reaction times and accuracy are collected. The result of experiment 1 was that for different cognitive styles and different brightness contrast have differences on memory capacity in visual information task. For different presenting conditions, results of experiment 2 and experiment 3 are found that field-independent participants have greater capacity and faster response to the both sequential condition and simultaneous condition. In the aspect of ISI and Set-Size, this study also found that with increase of ISI would have better visual performance of visual stimulus integration. The decrease of set size would also have the better performance of visual stimulus recognition. The results of this study may provide to other researchers as a tool of VWM capacity of training and spatial organization research related to the reference in the future.
摘要 ...i
ABSTRACT ...ii
誌謝 ...iv
目錄 ...v
表目錄 ...viii
圖目錄 ...ix
第一章 緒論 ...1
1.1研究背景與動機 ...1
1.2研究目的 ...2
1.3觀念性架構 ...3
第二章 文獻探討 ...5
2.1 工作記憶 ...5
2.1.1 工作記憶及其功用 ...5
2.1.2 視覺工作記憶 ...7
2.1.3組織原則在視覺工作記憶之應用 ...11
2.2 視知覺能力 ...15
2.2.1 知覺 ...15
2.2.2 視覺注意力 ...17
2.2.3 視覺空間能力 ...20
2.3認知風格與空間知識 ...22
2.3.1認知風格的定義與分類 ...22
2.3.2認知風格之研究 ...23
2.3.3知識與經驗上之差異 ...24
2.3.4空間知識的表徵與建構在工作記憶 ...25
2.4文獻總結 ...27
第三章 研究方法 ...30
3.1前測 ...30
3.2實驗一 : 視覺訊息作業 ...31
3.2.1實驗目的 ...31
3.2.2受試者 ...31
3.2.3實驗設備與材料 ...31
3.2.4實驗設計與流程 ...32
3.3實驗二 : 視覺訊息整合作業 ...33
3.3.1實驗目的 ...33
3.3.2受試者 ...33
3.3.3實驗設備與材料 ...33
3.3.4實驗設計與流程 ...34
3.4實驗三 : 視覺訊息辨識作業 ...36
3.4.1實驗目的 ...36
3.4.2受試者 ...36
3.4.3實驗設備與材料 ...36
3.4.4實驗設計與流程 ...36
第四章 研究結果 ...40
4.1 受試者背景資料 ...40
4.2 實驗一結果與分析 ...41
4.2.1 判別有無數字之正確率 ...41
4.2.2 辨認正確數字之正確率 ...49
4.2.3 實驗一討論 ...53
4.3 實驗二結果與分析 ...54
4.3.1 正確率 ...54
4.3.2 反應時間 ...58
4.3.3 實驗二討論 ...62
4.4 實驗三結果與分析 ...63
4.4.1 正確率 ...63
4.4.2 反應時間 ...67
4.4.3 實驗三討論 ...71
第五章 結論與建議 ...72
5.1 研究結論 ...72
5.2 未來建議與貢獻 ...73
參考文獻 ...74
附錄一 ...80
附錄二 ...90


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