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研究生:林怡儒
研究生(外文):LIN, YI-RU
論文名稱:使用手機對於行人行進間周遭警覺之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Using Mobile Phone on Pedestrians' Situation Awareness
指導教授:柳永青柳永青引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIU, YUNG-CHING
口試委員:柳永青陳敏生林迪意
口試委員(外文):LIU, YUNG-CHINGCHEN, MIN-SHENGLIN, DI-YI
口試日期:2017-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:分心行走行走使用手機情境警覺全面評估技術情境警覺
外文關鍵詞:distraction walkingusing mobile phone while walkingSAGATsituation awareness
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許多交通事故大多和分心有關,不論是開車或行走時,而造成分心原因幾乎與使用智慧型手機有關,不但顯著影響注意力與警覺能力,還增加危險的風險,是需要被重視的安全議題。本研究利用行走模擬實驗,探討使用手機對於行走時周遭的警覺能力是否會有影響,以及使用手機方式對於警覺偵測能力的差異,並以情境警覺全面評估技術(situation awareness global assessment technique, SAGAT)問卷衡量情境警覺能力,以及設計突發事件衡量危險偵測的反應時間與偵測率。本實驗為4(使用手機方式,水準為無使用、講電話、傳訊息與聽音樂) X 2(場景時間,水準為白天以及傍晚)組內因子實驗設計。模擬場景為國立雲林科技大學真實校園場景,招募30名學生為實驗研究對象。資料收集分為「SAGAT問卷分數」、「突發事件偵測反應時間與正確率」。
研究結果顯示不同時段下行走時使用手機會顯著影響對於周遭警覺的能力,講電話與傳訊息影響最大。行走時使用手機會使注意力分散而影響警覺能力,從情境警覺三階段分數發現會因為分心而對事件的察覺造成延遲,以及錯失突發事件的目標物,造成反應時間變慢,甚至出現誤擊的現象,使績效變差。未來對於分心行走應該要制定法律約束或開發手機應用程式隨時偵測危險提醒使用者,才能真正降低行人的事故率,達到安全的交通環境。

關鍵字:分心行走、行走使用手機、情境警覺全面評估技術、情境警覺

Many accidents are related to distractions. The main cause is using cell phone when driving or walking. And it influences drivers and pedestrians’ attention and alertness significantly. This behavior also increases the risk of danger. Therefore, the above problem is a security issue has to pay attention. In this research, I will use walking simulation experiment to investigates that pedestrians are using mobile phones, whether their ability of alertness changes or not? It also finds out the differences of the various ways to use cell phones. In order to measure ability of situation awareness, this research uses SAGAT (situation awareness global assessment technique). And design contingencies to collect detection’s response time and correct rate. A four (methods of using cell phone: none/talking/texting/listening by two (scene time: day/dusk) within-subject factor were designed. The simulation scene is the real road in National Yunlin University of Science and Technology. The experiment subjects are thirty students. The data collections are SAGAT score, the contingencies' response time and correct rate.
The results of this research show people are not aware of the danger around them when they are using mobile phones and walking simultaneously in any time. Talking and texting dramatically influence people the ability of alertness. Using mobile phone while walking make attention distracted and alertness goes down. From score of SAGAT found that distracted made delay in perceiving incidents and danger detected performance worse. Not only missed targets to increase response time also made mistake hit in detecting contingencies. In the future, government must make the laws about distraction walking or develop apps for detecting danger to reduce rate of accident.

Keywords: distraction walking, using mobile phone while walking, SAGAT, situation awareness
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章 序論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3研究範圍與限制 3
1.4觀念性架構 3
1.5 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1行人穿越道路行為 6
2.2手機對於使用者的影響 8
2.2.1 情境警覺能力 8
2.2.2手機對於駕駛所產生的分心影響 9
2.3使用手機對於行人的影響 11
2.3.1自然觀察法相關研究 11
2.3.2行走模擬相關研究 12
2.4小結 14
第三章 研究方法 16
3.1受測者 16
3.2實驗設備 16
3.3受測者工作 17
3.4實驗場景描述與拍攝 21
3.5實驗設計 21
3.6資料收集 22
3.7實驗流程 22
第四章 結果 24
4.1 SAGAT問卷 24
4.1.1 第一階段 24
4.1.2 第二階段 25
4.1.3 第三階段 27
4.1.4 問卷分類別 31
4.2 突發事件反應能力 35
4.2.1反應時間 35
4.2.3 視角偵測率 38
第五章 討論與結論 43
5.1 使用手機對於周遭警覺影響 43
5.2 不同時段對於周遭警覺影響 44
5.3 結論與未來建議 45
參考文獻 47
附錄一 實驗同意書 53
附錄二 受測者基本資料 55
附錄三 情境警覺問卷(SAGAT)問卷 56
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