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研究生:陳秋蓉
研究生(外文):CHEN, CHIU-JUNG
論文名稱:誘發認知負荷偵測謊言之研究
論文名稱(外文):Deception Detection by Inducing Cognitive Load
指導教授:施志鴻施志鴻引用關係
指導教授(外文):SHIH, CHIH-HUNG
口試委員:林燦璋金榮泰
口試委員(外文):LIN, TSAN-CHANGCHIN, JUNG-TAI
口試日期:2019-05-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中央警察大學
系所名稱:刑事警察研究所
學門:軍警國防安全學門
學類:警政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:眼動證據使用策略認知負荷
外文關鍵詞:Eye movementStrategic Use of EvidenceCognitive Load
相關次數:
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  • 點閱點閱:206
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  • 下載下載:38
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
偵查人員辨別受詢問者供述是否真實是偵查關鍵之一。然而,實徵研究發現透過觀察言語和非言語行為來檢測欺騙是有限的,即使是受過訓練的調查人員也未能成功從單一線索辨別謊言和實話。近來年,認知負荷理論認為說謊比說實話具有更高之認知負擔,有利於提供分辨兩者之口語或非口語線索。為檢驗前述理論,本文透過受試者倒敘和證據使用策略(SUE)來增加受詢問者認知負擔,並比較說謊者眼球運動之差別。本研究召募24名參與者被隨機分配到誠實組或說謊組,誠實組受試者被要求在教室的桌子上拿走一張卡片;而說謊組被指示犯下一個模擬項鍊竊賊,但以不在場說詞隱藏竊取訊息。情境模擬後,研究者透過詢問要求所有受試者以順序、倒敘方式回答,最後再以證據使用策略挑戰其說謊,詢問過程中以眼動儀記錄其眼動軌跡與眨眼次數,研究發現透過倒敘方法讓說謊組與誠實組之眨眼次數有所差異,而SUE證據後期揭露方法在眼球軌跡與眨眼次數並無差異,探究其與擬犯罪者使用迴避和否認回答策略有關,最後給予後續研究建議。
It’s one of the key points for investigators to discriminate between suspects who lie or tell the truth. However, empirical studies have showed even trained investigators are the failure to classify lies and truth by observing verbal and nonverbal behaviors. Recently, Cognitive Load Approaches (CLAs) are developed to discriminate lies and truth on the basis of a contribution to increased cognitive load in the liar. This research was designed to magnify respondents’ cognitive load by reverse order and strategic use of evidence (SUE) during interview and measured eye movements. 24 participants from university students were randomly assigned to either an innocent or guilty group. The innocent group was instructed to take a card in a staged even, and the guilty group was asked to commit a mock necklace thief and invented an alibi to conceal the crime information. All participants were asked to explain the staged event in chronological order, reverse order, and late evidence disclosure strategy from SUE. The interviewee were recorded by the eye tracker to measure blink rate and eye movement during the answering for each questions stages above. The results show reverse order answering would be a use interview tragedy to discriminate innocent and suspect group by blink rate, and there is no difference between these two groups but the relation to the use of avoidance and denial strategies found in the suspect group. Finally, several recommendations are purposed for future researches.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範圍 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 說謊 5
第二節 認知負荷 10
第三節 說謊與眼動 15
第四節 證據使用策略 22
第五節 文獻綜評 32
第三章 研究方法 35
第一節 研究架構及假設 35
第二節 實驗流程 37
第三節 研究工具 42
第四節 評分規則與資料整理 44
第五節 研究限制 47
第四章 結果與討論 51
第一節 信效度 51
第二節 研究參與者 53
第三節 眨眼次數資料分析 55
第四節 眼動方向資料分析 64
第五節 綜合討論 71
第五章 結論與建議 75
附錄 81
參考文獻 91
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