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研究生:蕭暐宸
研究生(外文):Hsiao, Wei-Chen
論文名稱:基於物聯網之揀料輔助系統
論文名稱(外文):IoT-Based Picking Assistant System
指導教授:廖珗洲廖珗洲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liao, Hsien-Chou
口試委員:廖珗洲林正堅謝政勳
口試委員(外文):Liao, Hsien-ChouLin, Cheng-JianHsieh, Cheng-Hsiung
口試日期:2018-06-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:朝陽科技大學
系所名稱:資訊工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:物聯網工業網路倉庫管理揀料系統
外文關鍵詞:Internet of thingsIndustrial ethernetWarehouse ManagementPicking system
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通常製造業者都擁有物料倉庫,在製造流程中的前置作業是作業員將需要的零件逐一從倉庫中取出,因為零件形狀不一致,難以避免人力作業,會因此花費大量時間執行作業,所以本文提出新的揀料系統雛型,能夠協助指引作業員更有效率的執行揀料作業;本文提出利用物聯網技術開發之揀料系統雛型,本系統將揀料資訊電子化,並提供物料和揀料單管理系統,系統可將資訊透過路由器轉發給終端設備,其終端設備以Arduino實現,路由器以Raspberry Pi實現,終端設備安裝於各個櫃位顯示物料名稱和剩餘數量,路由器安裝於每排貨架,負責當排櫃位的資訊轉發,在揀料作業中以燈號提示應撿物料位置,作業員能夠依照燈號位置依序揀料,並透過終端裝置即可將作業進度回饋至伺服器系統,由伺服器系統管控揀料作業,以減少作業流程加快作業員揀料的效率 ,並可以藉由伺服器系統蒐集之訊息規劃倉庫。
Usually manufacturers have a parts warehouse, preparation in the manufacturing process is where workers take out components one by one from the warehouse, because the components are not the same shape, human work cannot be avoided, it will spend a lot of time to perform the job. Therefore, this paper proposes a new prototype of picking system, to help worker’s picking operations more efficient. This paper proposes to use IoT technology development prototype of picking system, The system electronically picks up information, and provide materials and picking list management system, the system can be transmitted to the terminal through the router information devices, including Arduino terminal devices to achieve, the router to achieve Raspberry Pi, the terminal installed in each counter Display the name of the material and the remaining quantity, the router is installed in each row of counters, responsible for the information forwarding when the counters. Besides, the location of materials which should be picked, will light signal, worker can follow the prompts pick up the location of materials, improve the efficiency of the worker picking.
目錄
中文摘要................................................................ I
Abstract............................................................... II
誌謝................................................................... III
目錄................................................................... IV
表目錄.................................................................. VII
圖目錄.................................................................. VIII
第一章 簡介........................................................... 1
第二章 文獻探討........................................................ 5
第三章 系統設計........................................................ 6
3.1. 終端設備設計.................................................... 7
3.2. 路由器設備設計.................................................. 9
3.3. 伺服器系統設計.................................................. 12
3.4. 伺服器系統與路由器間之連接方法.................................... 13
3.5. 路由器與終端設備間之連接方法...................................... 14
3.6. 路由器於RS-485傳輸機制.......................................... 16
3.7. 終端設備資訊回傳之機制........................................... 17
第四章 系統實作........................................................ 18
4.1. 開發環境........................................................ 18
4.2. 終端設備實作.................................................... 21
4.3. 路由器實作...................................................... 22
4.4. 伺服器系統實作.................................................. 23
第五章 系統展示與分析.................................................. 25
5.1. 系統展示....................................................... 25
5.2. 系統分析....................................................... 32
第六章 結論與未來工作.................................................. 34
6.1. 本文成果....................................................... 34
6.2. 未來工作....................................................... 34
參考文獻............................................................... 36
附錄一:Modbus介紹...................................................... 38
附錄二:CRC簡介......................................................... 39
附錄三:Modbus-rtu介紹.................................................. 40
附錄四:Modbus中CRC之計算方式............................................ 41
附錄五:libmodbus....................................................... 45

表目錄
表 1:伺服器系統開發環境................................................. 18
表 2:路由器系統開發環境................................................. 19
表 3:路由器之相關參數設置............................................... 20
表 4:終端設備開發環境................................................... 20
表 5:終端設備之相關參數設置............................................. 20
表 6:Bit Per Byte..................................................... 40


圖目錄
圖 1:幾種倉庫管理系統................................................... 3
圖 2:倉庫櫃位擺放示意圖................................................. 4
圖 3:系統架構.......................................................... 6
圖 4:終端設備之LCD顯示資訊.............................................. 7
圖 5:終端設備電路圖..................................................... 8
圖 6:終端設備運作流程圖................................................. 9
圖 7:路由器運作之流程圖................................................. 11
圖 8:運作流程示意圖..................................................... 11
圖 9:伺服器系統作業流程圖............................................... 13
圖 10:伺服器發送指令格式................................................ 14
圖 11:RS-485 BUS 電路圖................................................ 16
圖 12:路由器發送指令之格式.............................................. 17
圖 13:舊版終端設備..................................................... 21
圖 14:新版終端設備..................................................... 22
圖 15:路由器設備....................................................... 22
圖 16:伺服器系統界面................................................... 23
圖 17:設備安裝示意圖................................................... 26
圖 18:伺服器系統介面................................................... 27
圖 19:伺服器歷史資訊................................................... 27
圖 20:伺服器操作介面.................................................... 28
圖 21:執行揀料作業之示意圖.............................................. 28
圖 22:路由器轉發資料之訊息.............................................. 29
圖 23:終端設備展示-1................................................... 29
圖 24:終端設備展示-2................................................... 30
圖 25:終端設備展示-3................................................... 30
圖 26:終端設備展示-4................................................... 31
圖 27:終端設備展示-5................................................... 31
圖 28:明基友達之倉儲管理系統............................................ 32
圖 29:Modbus-rtu命令結構............................................... 40


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