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研究生:洪祥恩
研究生(外文):HONG, XIANG-EN
論文名稱:教室內學生上課姿態之即時分析系統
論文名稱(外文):The Real-Time Analysis System of Student Postures on Class
指導教授:陳聰毅陳聰毅引用關係陳昭和
指導教授(外文):CHEN, TSONG-YICHEN, CHAO-HO
口試委員:張傳育胡武誌黃登淵陳聰毅陳昭和
口試委員(外文):CHANG,CHUAN-YUHU, WU-CHIHHUANG, DENG-YUANCHEN, TSONG-YICHEN, CHAO-HO
口試日期:2017-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電子工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:膚色偵測頭形偵測邊緣偵測姿態辨識機械學習
外文關鍵詞:Edge DetectorSkin DetectionHead DetectionPosture AnalysisMachine Learning
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摘要 I
ABSTRACT III
致謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
第一章 、緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2系統架構與流程 2
1.3論文架構 3
第二章 、習知相關技術 4
2.1 縮減取樣(Down-Sampling) 4
2.1.1 雙線性內插法(Bilinear Interpolation) 4
2.1.2 最近相鄰內插法(Nearest Neighbor Interpolation) 6
2.1.3 雙立方內插法(Bicubic Interpolation) 8
2.2 邊緣偵測(Edge Detection) 10
2.2.1 Roberts邊緣偵測(Roberts Edge Operator) 10
2.2.2 Prewitt邊緣偵測(Prewitt Edge Detector) 11
2.2.3 Sobel邊緣偵測(Sobel Edge Detector) 12
2.2.4 Canny邊緣偵測(Sobel Edge Detector) 12
2.3 二值化 15
2.3.1 固定式二值化 15
2.3.2 疊代法二值化(Iterative Method) 16
2.3.3大津法二值化(OTSU Method) 17
2.4 形態學(Morphology) 18
2.4.1 侵蝕(Erosion) 18
2.4.2 膨脹(dilation) 19
2.4.3 閉合、斷開(Closing、Opening) 20
2.5 影像特徵描述 20
2.5.1 LBP特徵(Local Binary Pattern) 20
2.5.2 Haar-like特徵 22
2.5.3方向梯度直方圖 (Histogram of Oriented Gradient) 23
2.6 分類器(Classifier) 26
2.6.1 Adaboost (Adaptive Boosting) 26
2.6.2 支持向量機(Support Vector Machine) 27
第三章 、相關文獻探討 30
3.1 應用支持向量機於學生上課專注度之分析 31
3.2 Face Detection in Real Time Based on HOG 35
3.3 Face-and-Clothing Based People Clustering in Video Content 38
3.4 Fast People Counting Using Head Detection From Skeleton Graph 42
3.5 Human Detection Using Depth Information by Kinect 46
3.6 Human Activity Recognition Using Sequences of Postures 50
3.7 View Invariant Human Action Recognition Using Histograms of 3D Joints 53
第四章 、教室內學生上課姿態之即時分析系統 56
4.1 影像預處理 58
4.1.1 縮減取樣 58
4.1.2 影像增強 59
4.2 上半身偵測 61
4.2.1 二值化 61
4.2.2 形態學 63
4.2.3 邊緣偵測 65
4.2.4 膚色偵測 67
4.2.5 上半身區域計算 73
4.3 上半身定位 75
4.3.1 中心點計算 76
4.3.2 距離計算 77
4.4 姿態辨識 79
4.4.1 訓練分類器 80
4.4.2 姿態分類 81
第五章 、實驗結果 83
5.1 實驗環境 83
5.2 輸出結果 84
5.3 實驗結果分析 86
5.3.1 主觀分析 86
5.3.2 客觀分析 86
5.3.3 相關方法整體性比較 87
第六章 、結論與未來方向 90
6.1 錯誤探討 90
6.2 未來方向 92
6.3 結論 92
參考文獻 94


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