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研究生:張秀芳
研究生(外文):Chang, Hsiu-Fang
論文名稱:取徑亞當.史密斯:伊恩.麥克尤恩小說中的同情與想像力
論文名稱(外文):Through the Lens of Adam Smith: Sympathy and Imagination in Ian McEwan’s Novels
指導教授:陳音頤陳音頤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Eva Yin-I
口試委員:馮品佳邱彥彬林建光吳易道
口試委員(外文):Feng, Pin-chiaChiou, Yen-binLin, Jiann-guangWu, Yih-Dau
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:106
語文別:英文
論文頁數:174
中文關鍵詞:伊恩.麥克尤恩亞當.史密斯同情想像力公正觀察者贖罪愛無可忍星期六
外文關鍵詞:Ian McEwanAdam SmithSympathyImaginationThe impartial spectatorAtonementEnduring loveSaturday
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本論文研究伊恩.麥克尤恩的《贖罪》、《愛無可忍》及《星期六》這三部小說中的同情與想像力。第一章仔細爬梳亞當.史密斯的哲學文本《道德情感論》,並闡述幾個重要概念如同情與想像力、公正觀察者的角色、同情與戲劇性質、及同情與敘事。第二章運用史密斯的同情與想像力的概念來檢視《贖罪》這部小說,並指出布萊妮最初反映了史密斯式的同情概念,但在她贖罪的過程中,她實踐了自我反省及自我批判的另一層次的同情。第三章從演化、利他主義及同情的觀點來閱讀《愛無可忍》這部小說。敘述者喬.羅斯所面臨的拯救小孩及保存自己性命的道德兩難彰顯出利他行動與利己行為間的衝突。本章以史密斯的同情概念來解釋小說中約翰.羅根的利他主義,並呈現出同情與利他行為的關連性。本章指出同情並非完全是利他的情感展現,同情實際上包含了利己與利他的動機。第四章檢視《星期六》中同情與敘事的關係,並闡述貝羅安對其病人泰勒伯的同情與泰勒伯透過口述去敘述其在伊拉克所遭遇的苦難具有關連性。本章並分析貝羅安在聆聽黛絲朗誦馬修.阿諾的多佛海灘詩集時所展現的同情與想像力。本章最後聚焦在貝羅安對巴克斯特的同情,並指出貝羅安對巴克斯特的仁慈實際上強化了同情者與被同情者之間微妙的權力關係。
The dissertation aims to study the concept of sympathy and imagination in Ian McEwan’s three novels Atonement, Enduring Love and Saturday. In the first chapter, Adam Smith’s philosophical text, Theory of Moral Sentiments, is carefully scrutinized. The chapter includes several key ideas such as sympathy and imagination, the role of the impartial spectator, sympathy and its theatrical quality, and sympathy and narratives. In the second chapter, I use Smith’s concept of sympathy and imagination to examine McEwan’s Atonement and propose that Briony’s sympathy at first reflect Smith’s model of sympathy, but in the process of her atoning for her crime, Briony achieves a new level of sympathy which is more self-reflected and self-critical. Chapter Three reads Enduring Love from the perspective of evolution, altruism and sympathy. The narrator Joe Rose’s moral dilemma between saving the child and preserving his own life dramatizes the conflict between altruistic actions and self-interested behaviors. Smith’s idea of sympathy is employed to account for John Logan’s altruism and the connection between sympathy and altruistic acts is then presented. The chapter shows that sympathy is not an other-oriented emotion but a sentiment that contains both self-interested and other-interested motives. Chapter Four looks at the relation between sympathy and narratives, and demonstrates how Perowne’s sympathy to his patient Taleb is related to Taleb’s oral report of suffering in Iraq. It then analyzes Perowne’s sympathy and imagination during Daisy’s recitation of Matthew Arnold’s Dover Beach. The final section focuses on Perowne’s sympathetic sentiments to Baxter, arguing that Perowne’s benevolence to Baxter only highlights the subtle power relationship between the sympathizer and the sympathized.
Table of Contents

Acknowledgements………………………………………………………………iii
Chinese Abstract…………………………………………………………………vi
English Abstract…………………………………………………………………vii

Introduction 1
I. Thesis Statement and Literature Review…………………1
II. Chapter Organization………………………………………………………………9

Chapter One: Adam Smith’s Theory of Sympathy and Its
Implications 15
I. Defining Sympathy………………………………………………………………………………16
II. Sympathy as the Mechanism of Approval………………………20
III. The Impartial Spectator…………………………………………………………………26
IV. The Voice of Conscience……………………………………………………………………35
V. Sympathy and Theatricality………………………………………………………………42
VI. Sympathy and Narratives……………………………………………………………………46

Chapter Two: Sympathy and Imagination in Ian McEwan’s
Atonement 51
I. Atonement and the British Tradition………………………………………52
II. Briony’s Writing as a Pursuit of Pleasure and
order……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………58
III. Briony’s Aesthetic Expectation…………………………………………62
IV. Sympathy as the Product of Imagination……………………………66
V. Self-Centeredness in Sympathy………………………………………………………72
VI. Briony’s Sympathetic Narratives and
Theatricality………………………………………………………………………………………………77
VII. Beyond Sympathy………………………………………………………………………………………90

Chapter Three: Evolution, Altruism and Sympathy in
Enduring Love 93
I. Altruism and Evolution Theory………………………………………………………93
II. Sympathy and Altruistic Concerns: Why does Logan
Save the Child?………………………………………………………………………………………100
III. The Perception Problem: The Mind of Others……………110
IV. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………………………117

Chapter Four: Sympathy, Reflection and Imagination in
Saturday 123
I. Distant Suffering, Sympathy and Reflection…………………123
II. Sympathy and Narratives…………………………………………………………………131
III. Selective Sympathy……………………………………………………………………………138
IV. Perowne’s Self-focused Imagination……………………………………143
V. Perowne’s Other-focused Imagination……………………………………145
VI. Sympathy, Literature and Benevolence………………………………150
VII. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………155

Chapter Five: Conclusion 157

Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………165
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