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研究生:凃謦麟
研究生(外文):Cing-LinTu
論文名稱:納入綠道路指標之設計綱要
論文名稱(外文):Guidelines for incorporating the Greenroads indicators into roadway design
指導教授:張行道張行道引用關係
指導教授(外文):Andrew S.Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:綠道路評估系統永續指標道路工程道路設計設計綱要
外文關鍵詞:Greenroads rating systemsustainable indicatorroadway constructionroadway designdesign guidelines
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近年來永續發展興起,各行各業投入心力,土木工程亦不例外,道路工程屬於土木中重要的一環,但國內缺乏綠道路執行經驗,對於評估系統不熟悉,設計者在設計時,不知如何選擇指標。
本研究建立納入綠道路指標之設計綱要。首先回顧永續相關文獻,了解國內外永續交通的評估指標,並檢視美國綠道路評估系統中的指標內容與達成要求,為後續評估成本及困難基礎。接著找出道路設計可納入的指標,再將其分類,透過研究推導及問卷結果得出指標的優先順序。藉由訪談了解設計者如何考量指標,以及各指標的考量程度,最終利用前述的結果,提出綠道路指標之設計綱要。
研究結果指出,指標依性質區分成六類:文書、資源使用、廢棄物排放、生態棲地、效益、社會,六類指標再分成14個子類。在指標的優先順序中,推導(問卷)的結果,分別有24 (23)個屬於優先順序高,14 (12)個中,7 (10)個低,問卷有21個指標的優先順序改變,包含13個降低、8個提升,原因為道路工作及設計者的考量不同。
在綠道路的六個評估類別中,考量程度最高為環境與水(EW),其次為計畫要求(PR),最低為材料與設計(MD)。在不含創意與努力(CE)的其他57個指標當中,有19個屬於考量程度常,6個普通,32個不常。
綠道路設計有六個主要步驟,而指標依照優先順序及考量程度可分三個等級,在設計時,優先完成計畫要求指標,選擇一級26個指標,可獲得76分。若分數不滿意,可選擇二級10個指標,若與期望分數仍有落差,再從最後順序的9個三級指標中選擇,爭取期望的得分。設定指標去執行,獲得綠道路認證也可預期,但設計者還是需要了解綠道路的指標要求。
Green roadway is getting more important for sustainable environment. However, engineers are not familiar with green roadway rating systems and do not know how to choose the indicators to design and construct a sustainable roadway.
This research developed the guidelines for incorporating the Greenroads indicators into roadway design. It reviewed literature in sustainable transportation and assessment indicators and examined Greenroads manual in indicators and their requirements, as a basis for further assessment of cost and difficulty of indicators. Then the indicators were classified based on their characteristics and then prioritized from other research derivation and questionnaire results. It also interviewed designers on how they consider indicators and the degree of consideration. Finally, this study developed the design guidelines to incorporate the Greenroads indicators into roadway design.
The results show that the indicators can be divided into six categories: document, resource use, waste, ecological habitat, benefits and society. The results from the derivation (questionnaire) indicate that 24 (23) indicators are high priority, 14 (12) middle priority, and 7 (10) low priority. The priority of 21 indicators was changed by the questionnaire because of different roadways and designers’ considerations.
Among the six categories of Greenroads indicators, the environment & water (EW) is on the highest consideration level and the material & design (MD) is the lowest. For the 57 indicators excluding creativity & effort (CE), 19 are considered frequent, 6 common and 32 infrequent.
The indicators can be divided into three levels according to the priority and the degree of consideration. To achieve a higher sustainability, designers first complete the PR indicators, then select the first level indicators for 76 points. If the score is not satisfactory, designers can choose the second level indicators. If it is still below the expectation, the last level indicators can be chosen. Designers can select the indicators that can be completed by the project to receive an expected score of green roadway certification.
目錄
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究方法與流程 2
1.3 研究範圍與限制 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 永續交通發展與設計 5
2.1.1 永續交通發展 5
2.1.2 永續道路設計 6
2.2 永續道路評估系統 9
2.2.1 綠道路評分系統 9
2.2.2 綠道路指標分數與效益 11
2.3 綠道路的執行 12
2.3.1 執行的成本與困難 12
2.3.2 綠道路策略 15
第三章 道路設計工作與可納入的指標 17
3.1 道路設計與綠道路指標 17
3.1.1 傳統道路設計工作 17
3.1.2 綠道路指標 18
3.2 道路設計可能納入的綠道路指標 19
3.2.1 事前調查 21
3.2.2 道路工程 22
3.2.3 人文景觀設計 25
3.2.4 細部設計 26
3.2.5 附屬設施設計 28
3.2.6 規範預算 29
第四章 綠道路指標納入設計的優先順序 30
4.1 綠道路指標分類 30
4.2 綠道路指標權重與納入順序 32
4.2.1 指標評估權重原則 32
4.2.2 計算分類指標的權重 35
4.2.3 分類總權重 36
4.2.4 指標納入的順序 38
4.3 以問卷比較綠道路指標納入順序 40
4.3.1 問卷內容與結果 40
4.3.2 推導與問卷結果比較 45
第五章 綠道路設計綱要 51
5.1 綠道路指標選用的考量 51
5.1.1 綠道路指標的考量程度 51
5.1.2 推導與問卷結果不同的原因分析 54
5.1.3 如何納入綠道路指標 55
5.2 根據考量程度的採用順序 56
5.2.1 綠道路指標的考量 56
5.2.2 指標採用順序 61
5.2.3 綠道路設計分數 64
5.2.4 綠道路設計步驟 67
第六章 結論與建議 70
6.1 結論 70
6.2 建議 72
參考文獻 73
附錄一 訪談記錄 77
附錄二 分類指標的權重 83
附錄三 設計綠道路指標之成本及困難調查 85
附錄四 問卷填答結果 90
附錄五 推導與問卷結果比較 93
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