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研究生(外文):Jin YunHuang
論文名稱:哈金小說《自由生活》---異化的自由論述: 恐懼,依賴和敵意所造成的自我認同問題及其含混性
論文名稱(外文):Aberrant Freedom and the Ambiguity of Identity: Fear, Dependency, and Hostility in Ha Jin’s A Free Life
指導教授(外文):Jeff Johnson
外文關鍵詞:traumaaffectmoral responsibilityidentityfreedomimmigrant
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In Ha Jin’s novel A Free Life (2007), freedom consists of political and ethical properties, which affect the protagonist Wunan differently, because the acculturation of immigrants involves not only cultural and political adaptations, but also mental and psychological adjustments. An oppressed mind confines a person from embracing freedom; even when political freedom is available; it is insignificant or even undesirable for such a person. This paper scrutinizes Wunan’s cultural background and probes his psychological dependency on the political structure he was raised in. His emotional struggles with his work, his family and his ultimate goal of becoming a poet reveal that political and economic freedom can result in traumatic and undesirable experiences for these who don’t desire it. The fulfillment of moral obligations and obtaining financial security only provide momentary contentment and short-term personal comfort. Psychological resolution for Wunan comes primarily through self-expression in poetry.
The Freedom that people speak of is actually a conditional and changing ideology; the concept becomes ambiguous when attachments from outside environments, or psychological constraints, repress the ability to act freely. The analysis concludes that Wunan’s freedom has to be achieved through self-recognition, an inner freedom that is more compelling than the external circumstances. The only way for him to pursuit freedom is through “self” knowledge –a process of self-learning and internal growth, culminating in the understanding of true freedom means for him.
Chapter One Aspects of Freedom or Liberty: Ha Jin’s interpretation of freedom.........14
Part A. Exploration of Freedom from Wunan’s Position..22
Part B. Wunan’s Perception of Self: Confucianism’s Approach of Freedom.........33
Part C. Price of Freedom..........47
Chapter Two. Structure of Freedom Under the Scope of a Capitalist Society in Comparison to a Communist Society............77
Part A. Panorama of Wunan in Internal and External Aspects............83
Chapter Three. Poetry, Language, and Freedom: An Outlet for Voice............101
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