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研究生:林廷龍
研究生(外文):Ting-lungLin
論文名稱:太陽是否依舊升起?:齊瑪曼達.阿蒂雀《半輪黃日》中的創傷、輪迴與無望中之希望
論文名稱(外文):Will the Sun Also Rise?: Trauma, Reincarnation, and the Hopeless Hope in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun
指導教授:張淑麗張淑麗引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-li Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:英文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:阿蒂雀《半輪黃日》奈及利亞內戰創傷政治迫害輪迴信仰
外文關鍵詞:Chimamanda Ngozi AdichieHalf of a Yellow Sunthe Nigeria-Biafra Wartraumapolitical persecutionreincarnation
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自一九六六年起,方獨立於英國的奈及利亞便歷經一連串的政治暴動。翌年,比亞法拉的獨立宣言更為為期三年的奈及利亞內戰揭開序幕。此三年間,不僅百萬比國平民喪生,更有無數倖存者飢寒交迫,顛沛流離,甚至痛失親友。本文旨在探討齊瑪曼達.阿蒂雀小說《半輪黃日》中女主角奧蘭娜最終如何習得內化其創傷記憶。本文第一章分析一九六六年奧蘭娜於卡諾目睹滅門屠殺場景後,身體與心靈所產生的偌大變化。筆者將證明即使奧蘭娜得以掙脫其「僵結狀態」,因其仍無法理解此創傷經驗,奧蘭娜終究無法掙脫深烙於腦海的恐怖畫面。自內戰爆發,奧蘭娜更被剝奪政治發言權,只能默默承受全世界、奈國政府,甚至比國政客與軍隊的無情摧殘。戰後,奧蘭娜堅持尋找自己失蹤的姊姊卡以奈奈,卻始終未果。最終,信奉基督的奧蘭娜決定轉向傳統伊格柏族的輪迴信仰,堅信自己與卡以奈奈能於來世再度聚首。第二章將探討上述奧蘭娜兩項舉動不但找回自身政治發言權,更自我說服須勇於面對過往創傷經驗,堅強完成餘生。為能獲得重生之機會,奧蘭娜須將其對卡以奈奈的回憶遞傳予後代。因此,本章也將探討或許阿蒂雀試圖藉由奧蘭娜的故事敘述,提醒其所有(奈國)讀者此內戰帶來的後果,藉此避免其再次發起同樣血腥的殺戮與戰爭。
In both reality and the fiction, Half of a Yellow Sun, since 1966, Nigeria has experienced a number of political earthquakes which eventually result in the independence of Biafra and the sanguinary Nigeria-Biafra War in 1967. Most Biafrans, the civilians in particular, are forced to confront the disappearance and demise of their families and friends, the loss of their properties and lives, the paucity of food and water, and so forth. The thesis will focus on how Olanna, the female Christian protagonist, eventually learns to coexist with her psychological trauma and regain her political voice. In the first chapter, I will analyze Olanna’s physical and psychological response to the pogrom she witnesses in Kano in 1966. I will evidence that, despite her recovery from her state of freeze, or her somatic dissociation, Olanna continues suffering from her ongoing traumatic memories because she still fails to internalize them. After the Nigerian Civil War begins, Olanna is even deprived of her political voice and cannot but accept the nonchalance of the whole world, the Nigerian government, and Biafran politicians and soldiers. In the second chapter, I will argue that, after the end of the war in 1970, Olanna’s insistence on searching for her missing sister, Kainene, and her turning to the traditional Igbo belief in reincarnation prompt her to voice for herself and work through her traumatic memories. In addition, to undergo the process of reincarnation, Olanna should pass on her memories of Kainene to those whom she cares about. I will thus discuss that, with Olanna’s storytelling, Adichie is perchance urging all her (Nigerian) readers to remember the lessons taught by history lest they launch another war as internecine as the Nigeria-Biafra War.
Introduction....................................1
Chapter One: The Silence of the Traumatized....15
Chapter Two: May the Sun Also Rise.............50
Conclusion.....................................84
Works Cited....................................90
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