(3.235.108.188) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/07 20:55
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:劉逸履
研究生(外文):Yi-LuLiu
論文名稱:藍色噴流與熱帶氣旋的關聯性
論文名稱(外文):The relationships between blue jets and tropical cyclone system
指導教授:許瑞榮許瑞榮引用關係陳炳志陳炳志引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rue-Ron HsuAlfred Bing-Chih Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:物理學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:物理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:106
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:藍色噴流熱帶氣旋閃電危險半圓雨帶
外文關鍵詞:blue jetstropical cycloneslightningdangerous-semicircleouter-rainband
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:37
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
由於在2008年的鳳凰颱風上觀測到發生在這個颱風系統當中主要是藍色噴流,在過去並沒有足夠的資料進一步可以分析藍色噴流與颱風系統的關聯性。ISUAL任務過去12年所累積高空短暫發光現象的資料已經達可分析的階段,而藍色噴流是所有高空短暫發光現象當中,唯一一個可以在短時間內連續發生的一個現象,於是欲透過這樣的特性觀察藍色噴流與過去發生的熱帶氣旋之關係。
本論文中,將2004年到2016年篩選出超過五千筆的藍色噴流事件,分析藍色噴流與熱帶氣旋的關係,其中的討論包含與何種熱帶氣旋種類有關、雨帶、與危險半圓的討論。另外藍色噴流與閃電的關聯性也是一個重要的研究方向,將分析其長時間累積圖、雨帶、與危險半圓的討論。
分析與統計結果為,藍色噴流與雨帶與閃電皆具有高度的相關性,另外,與颱風系統相關的比例為4%,與熱帶氣旋相關的有6.3%左右。而與危險半圓的分析約為50%左右。
The FORMOSAT-2 was launched successfully on May 21 2004, the Imager Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning (ISUAL) was the only one scientific payload, and also the first mission devoted to the study of the transient luminous events. In recent years, a sufficient event was recorded for a further study, so that these events were used to analyze the relationships between tropical cyclones and lightning.
More than five thousand blue jets from 2004 to 2016 were selected in this study, and 700 km and a time window with ±3 hour conditions was set and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) global cloud maps were employed , to find the relationships between the blue jets and the features of the tropical cyclones, including their types, outer-rainband, dangerous-semicircle.
Also, the association between BJ and lightning is also an important issue in this study, World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) data were used and the cumulative histograms were analyzed to explore the outer-rainband, dangerous semicircle and their connection between blue jets and tropical cyclones.
The results are summarized as following:
(1) The BJs are strongly associated with the cloud-to-ground lightning and the rainband in the tropical cyclone.
(2) The percentage of BJs occurring in tropical cyclones is around 6.3%.
(3) The percentage of BJs located inside the dangerous-semicircle of the tropical cyclone is about 50%.
摘要 I
EXTENDED ABSTRACT II
SUMMARY II
致謝 VI
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 高空短暫發光現象 1
1.2 劇烈天氣、閃電與熱帶氣旋 8
1.2.1 閃電 9
1.2.2 熱帶氣旋 12
1.3 熱帶氣旋與閃電與藍色噴流的關係 14
1.4 研究動機及目的 16
第2章 儀器介紹與科學資料使用介紹 18
2.1 高空大氣閃電儀(ISUAL) 18
2.1.1 ICCD影像增強儀特性 20
2.1.2 光譜光度儀的特性 22
2.1.3 陣列式光度儀 24
2.2 全球閃電定位網路 26
2.3 聯合颱風警告中心 27
2.4 資料來源與分析 29
第3章 數據處理與統計 32
3.1 地點統計與分析 32
3.2 南、北半球統計結果與分析 34
3.3 分析媒合結果與平均距離統計 37
3.4 熱帶氣旋與雨帶、藍色噴流、閃電間關係分析 42
3.4.1 雨帶 43
3.4.2 藍色噴流、閃電與熱帶氣旋 44
3.5 危險半圓與噴流討論 50
第4章 結論 55
參考資料 57
附錄A ISUAL觀測之藍色噴流逐年的全球分佈 62
附錄B藍色噴流與熱帶氣旋關係 67
附錄C 藍色噴流與危險半圓 71
附錄D 藍色噴流附近閃電的時間累積圖 76
附錄E 雲圖與閃電關係 81
附錄F 閃電與危險半圓關係 85
附錄G 閃電與雨帶關係 89
附錄H 藍色噴流在各緯度的累積圖 93
附錄I 藍色噴流與雨帶 98
Adachi, T., Fukunishi, H., Takahashi, Y., Hiraki, Y., Hsu, R.R., Su, H.T., Chen, A.B., Mende, S.B., Frey, H.U., Lee, L.C. (2006), Electric field transition between the diffuse and streamer regions of sprites estimated from ISUAL/array photometer measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, 17, L17803.
Chen, A. B., Kuo, C.L., Lee,Y.J., Su,H.T., Hsu,R.R.,Chern,L.L., Harald,U.F., Stephen, B.M., Takahashi,Y. , Fukunishi,H., Chang,Y.S., Liu,T.Y., Lee,L.C. (2008), Global distributions and occurrence rates of transient luminous events, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08306, doi: 10.1029/2008JA013101.
Chern, J.L., Hsu, R.R., Su, H.T., Mende, S.B., Fukunishi, H., Takahashi ,Y., and Lee, L.C. (2003), Global survey of upper atmospheric transient luminous events on the ROCSAT-2 satellite , J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 65, 645.
Franz, R.C., Nemzek, R.J. and Winckler, J.R. (1990), Television image of a large upward electrical discharge above a thunderstorm system, Science, 249, 48.
Fukunishi, H., Takahashi, Y., Kubota, M., Sakanoi, K., Inan, U.S., Lyons, W.A. (1996), Lightning-induced transient luminous events in the lower ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2157.
Graham, N. E., and Barnett, T. P. (1987), Sea surface temperature, surface wind divergence, and convection over tropical oceans. , Science, 238, 657.
Hsu, R.R., Chen, A. B., Lee, L.C., Asfur, M., Price, C., and Yair, Y. (2003), Transient luminous events in the vicinity of Taiwan. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. , 65, 559.
Krehbiel, P. R. , Jeremy, A. R., Pasko, V. P., Thomas, R. J., Rison, W. , Stanley, M. A., Harald, E. E. (2008),Upward electrical discharges from thunderstorms, Nature Geoscience, 1, 233.
Krehbiel, P. R.(1986), The electrical structure of thunderstorms. The Earth’s Electrical Environment, Krider, E. P. and Roble, R. G., Eds., National Academy Press, 90.
Kuo, C.L., Chou, J. K., Tsai, L. Y., Chen, A. B., Su, H. T., Hsu, R. R., Lee, L. C., Cumme,r S. A., Frey, H. U., Mende, S. B., and Takahashi, Y. (2009), Discharge processes, electric fields and electron energy in ISUAL-recorded gigantic jets, J. Geophys, 114, A04314, doi:10.1029/2008JA013791.
Li, Q.Q., Wang, Y. (2012) , Formation and quasi-periodic behavior of outer spiral rainbands in a numerically simulated tropical cyclone, J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 997.
MacKenzie, T., Toynbee, H. (1886), Meteorological phenomena, Nature, 33, 246.
Mackerras, D. (1985), Automatic short-range measurement of the cloud flash to ground flash ratio in thunderstorms, Geophys J. Res., 90 , 6195, doi: 10.1029/JD090iD04p06195.
Molinari, J., (1994), Cloud-to-ground lightning in hurricane Andrew, J. , Geophys. Res, 99, 16665-16676.
Orville, R. E., Huffines, G. R., Burrows, W. R., Holle, R. L., and Cummins, K. L. (2002), The North American lightning network (NALDN) - first results: 1998-2000, Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 2098.
Pasko, V. P. (2002), Electrical discharge from a thundercloud top to the lower ionosphere, Nature, 416, 152.
Parrish, J. R., Burpee, R. W. , Marks, F. D. Jr., Grebe, R. (1982), rainfall pattern observed by digitized radar during the landfall of hurricane Frederic (1979). Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1933.
Rodger, C.J., Brundell, J.B., Dowden, R.L. (2005), Location accuracy of VLF World-Wide Lightning Location (WWLL) network: Post-algorithm upgrade, Annales Geophysicae,23, 277-290.
Houze, R. A. Jr., Chen, S.S., Lee, W.C., Rogers, R.F., James, M.A., Gregory, J. ,Stossmeister, Bel,l M. M., Jasmine C., Zhao, W., Brodzik, S. R. (2006), The hurricane rainband and intensity change experiment, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87, 1503. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-87-11-1503.
Su, H.T., Hsu, R.R., Chen, A. B, Wang, L.C., Hsiao, W.S., Lai, W.C., Lee, L.C., Sato, M., and Fukunishi, H. (2003), Gigantic jets between a thundercloud and the E-layer ionosphere, Nature, 423, 974-976.
Su, H.T., Hsu, R.R., Chen, A. B., Lee, Y.J., and Lee, L.C. (2002), Observations of sprites over the Asian continent and over oceans around Taiwan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 , 1044.
Sentman, D. D., Wescott, E. M. , Osborne, D., Hampton, D., Heavner, M. (1995), Preliminary results from the Sprites94 aircraft campaign, 1. Red sprites, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 1205.
Sátori, G., Williams, E., Lemperger, I., (2009) Variability of global lightning activity on the ENSO time scale, Atmos. Res., 91, 500.
Tsai, L. Y., Huang, S. M., Chen, A., Chang, S. C., Chou, J. K. , Chen, C. M., Su, H. T., Hsu, R. R., Kuo, C. L., Wu, C. C. , Lin, P. S., Holzworth, R. , Harald, F. , Stephen, B. M., Takahashi, Y. , Lee, L. C., (2009) Blue jets over tropical cyclones. AGU Chapman Conference on the Effects of Thunderstorms and Lightning in the Upper Atmosphere 10-14 abstract# OTL-12.
Vazquez, J., Perry, K., Kilpatrick, K. (1998), NOAA/NASA AVHRR Oceans pathfinder sea surface temperature data set user’s reference manual version 4.0, JPL Publication D-14070.
Wilson, C.T.R. (1925), The electric field of a thunderstorm and some of its effects, Proc. Royal Meteor. Soc. London, 37, 32D-37D.
Wilson, C.T.R. (1956), A theory of thundercloud electricity, Proc., Royal Met. Soc., London, 236, 297.
Wescott, E. M., Sentman, D. D, Hampton, D. L., Heavner, M. J. (1995), Preliminary results from the Sprite 94 aircraft campaign: 2. Blue jets. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 1209.
Williams, E., and Reno, N. (1993), An analysis of the conditional instability of the tropical atmosphere, Mon. Weather Rev., 121, 21.
郭政靈,福衛二號科學酬載所觀測到的sprites以及elves的分析,國立成功大學物理研究所博士論文。 (2007)
黃崧銘,各類高空短暫發光現象的超低頻與極低頻至甚低頻電波特性,國立成功大學物理研究所博士論文。(2013)
蔡禮聿,高空短暫發光現象與劇烈天氣的關聯性, 國立成功大學物理研究所碩士論文。(2007)
潘倫湘、劉冬霞等(2010),西北太平洋地區強颱風的閃電活動特徵初步分析,中國科學:地球科學,第40卷,第2期252~260。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔